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The matched filter hypothesis proposes that the auditory sensitivity of receivers should match the spectral energy distribution of the senders’ signals. If so, receivers should be able to distinguish between species-specific and hetero-specific signals. We tested the matched filter hypothesis in two sympatric species, Chiromantis doriae and Feihyla vittata, whose calls exhibit similar frequency characters and that overlap in the breeding season and microenvironment. For both species, we recorded male calls and measured the auditory sensitivity of both sexes using the auditory brainstem response (ABR). We compared the auditory sensitivity with the spectral energy distribution of the calls of each species and found that (1) auditory sensitivity matched the signal spectrogram in C. doriae and F. vittata; (2) the concordance conformed better to the conspecific signal versus the hetero-specific signal. In addition, our results show that species differences are larger than sex differences for ABR audiograms.  相似文献
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The matched filter hypothesis proposes that the tuning of auditory sensitivity and the spectral character of calls will match in order to maximize auditory processing efficiency during courtship. In this study, we analyzed the acoustic structure of male calls and both male and female hearing sensitivities in the little torrent frog (Amolops torrentis), an anuran species who transmits acoustic signals across streams. The results were in striking contradiction to the matched filter hypothesis. Auditory brainstem response results showed that the best hearing range was 1.6–2 kHz consistent with the best sensitive frequency of most terrestrial lentic taxa, yet completely mismatched with the dominant frequency of conspecific calls (4.3 kHz). Moreover, phonotaxis tests show that females strongly prefer high‐frequency (4.3 kHz) over low‐frequency calls (1.6 kHz) regardless of ambient noise levels, although peripheral auditory sensitivity is highest in the 1.6–2 kHz range. These results are consistent with the idea that A. torrentis evolved from nonstreamside species and that high‐frequency calls evolved under the pressure of stream noise. Our results also suggest that female preferences based on central auditory system characteristics may evolve independently of peripheral auditory system sensitivity in order to maximize communication effectiveness in noisy environments.  相似文献
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It is generally thought that for species using vocal communication the spectral properties of the sender’s calls should match the frequency sensitivity of the receiver’s auditory system. Nevertheless, few studies have investigated both sender and receiver characteristics in anuran species. In the present study, auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) were recorded in the serrate legged treefrog, Philautus odontotarsus, in order to determine if male call spectral structure and hearing sensitivity in males and females have co-evolved in this species. The results showed that the spectral structures of male vocalization match both male and female hearing sensitivity, even though the dominant frequencies of male calls (2.5 kHz) are mismatched with the regions of best frequency sensitivity (1.4 and 2.8 kHz). In addition, the results show that, in contrast with most previous ABR studies in non-human animals, but consistent with human studies, there are noticeable sex differences in peripheral auditory sensitivity in Philautus insofar as females exhibit lower auditory thresholds than males across the entire 1.8–18 kHz frequency range. The results also show that the dominant frequency of male calls is negatively correlated with body size, indicating that call characteristics reflect body size in this species which may be used by females during mate choice.  相似文献
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西藏蟾蜍(Bufo tibetanus)主要生活在海拔2 400~4 300 m的高海拔地区,本研究分析了这一高原两栖物种雄性个体的鸣声特征和听觉敏感性。采用录音机和指向性话筒,在野外记录西藏蟾蜍的广告鸣声,使用听觉脑干反应(ABR)检测听觉敏感性。采用Praat声音分析软件绘制广告鸣声的波形图和频谱图,鸣声特征参数通过Adobe Audition软件获取。广告鸣声由多个单音节鸣叫组成,鸣声主频为(1150±99)Hz。ABR对于刺激的响应以谷峰波形展示,听力图结果显示,听觉敏感区域在1.4~2.0 kHz,但在0.6~6.0 kHz范围的听觉阈值均高于70 dB,表明雄性西藏蟾蜍相较于其他物种听觉敏感性较差。尽管雄性西藏蟾蜍的最佳听觉敏感频率(1.6kHz)稍高于鸣声主频,但其鸣声能谱结构与听觉敏感性曲线在1.0~1.4 kHz存在一定程度重叠,符合"匹配过滤假说"。  相似文献
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The matched filter hypothesis proposes that the tuning of females' auditory sensitivity matches the spectral energy distribution of males' signals. Such correspondence is expected to arise over evolutionary time, as it promotes conspecific information transfer and reduces interference from other sound sources. Our main objective was to determine the correspondence between the acoustic sensitivity of female frogs of Eupsophus roseus and the spectral characteristics of advertisement vocalizations produced by conspecific males. We also aimed to determine how auditory sensitivity is related to the characteristics of background noise. We analysed data on the auditory sensitivity of E. roseus females, and recordings of conspecific male vocalizations and of the acoustic environment during the breeding period of this species. Our results indicate a concordance between the auditory sensitivity of females and call spectra that would provide an appropriate detection of these signals. In addition, this matching is large relative to the correspondence between auditory sensitivity with the spectra of the abiotic and biotic background noise, with the last component being associated with calls of the related species Eupsophus vertebralis. This may be an adaptation of receivers confronting sound interference, which improves the capability of E. roseus to communicate sexually by means of acoustic signals. © 2013 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2013, 110 , 814–827.  相似文献
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