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ObjectiveTo study the protective effect of total flavonoid in rabdosia rubescens on BIT model by brain ischemic tolerance (hereinafter BIT) model of mice.MethodBIT model is used to block bilateral common carotid arteries and to copy BIT model of mice. After 10 min of transient ischemia for rats in preconditioning group, the mice in the nimodipine group and naoluotong capsule group were given the total flavonoid in rabdosia rubescens (300 mg/kg, 150 mg/kg, 75 mg/kg) for gavage, sham operation group, ischemia/reperfusion injury (hereinafter IRI) group and BIT group were fed with the same volume of 0.5% sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) once a day for 5 days. After administration for 1 h on day 5 (120 h), the rats in the other groups except for the sham operation group were treated with blood flow block for 30 min and reperfusion for 22 h. The serum NSE level were measured and the brain NO content and NOS activity changes was measured to observe the histopathological changes of brain tissue.ResultsBIT models of mice and in rats were both successfully replicated. The total flavonoid in rabdosia rubescens can decrease the mortality of mice, decrease serum NSE level, increase the content of NO and the activity of NOS in the brain tissue of mice, and improve the pathological damage of cortex and hippocampus of mice.ConclusionThe total flavonoid in rabdosia rubescens can stimulate an endogenous protective mechanism by inducing the release of low levels of cytokines NO and NOS, which reduces the release of serum NSE, relieves the brain tissue ischemia-reperfusion injury, and further improves the protection effect of ischemic preconditioning on brain injury. The damage of brain tissue ischemia and reperfusion, and further improve the ischemia Protective effect of preconditioning on brain injury.  相似文献   
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To increase the menaquinone (MK) content of an Elizabethkingia meningoseptica, site-directed mutagenesis was generated to suppress 4-hydroxybenzoate octaprenyl transferase (UbiA) activity and subsequently blocked the ubiquinone (UQ) biosynthesis pathway. Fourteen conserved residues except L174 and G211 were mutated to analyze the effect of site-directed mutagenesis. The expression of UbiA in twelve mutants was decreased in both mRNA and protein levels, which resulted in the decrease of UQ concentration. Based on MenA expression level, 12 mutants were divided into two groups. Second group such as N72A, D76A, K81A, L139A, and D198A enhanced the expression of MenA, which increased MK production by 127.1%, 87.9%, 96.2%, 109.7% and 130.0% in wt-EmUbiA, respectively. In general, blocking UQ synthesis pathway for by site-directed mutagenesis of the active site of UbiA in E. meningoseptica was a promising strategy to increase MK production in E. meningoseptica.  相似文献   
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目的:桥本甲状腺炎是一种自身免疫性甲状腺疾病,且其发病率呈逐年上升趋势,在医疗实践中,HT 被认为是原发性甲状腺 功能减退最常见的原因,同时较易发生甲状腺癌和淋巴瘤。另外,HT 缺乏早期诊断标准,临床上发病隐匿且表现多样,病人多不 易察觉而延误治疗。本文旨在应用microRNA 芯片技术系统筛查HT病变甲状腺组织,以此研究并揭示其HT 的miRNA 表达谱 变化。方法:本研究首先采用microRNA芯片技术,对正常甲状腺组织及桥本甲状腺炎甲状腺组织中microRNA 的表达进行比较, 筛选桥本甲状腺炎中差异性表达的miRNAs。结果:与正常甲状腺相比,在桥本甲状腺炎及其合并甲状腺乳头状癌的一侧桥本甲 状腺炎中分别有39 个和25 个miRNAs 分子发生了差异性表达(P<0.05),比较2 组中共有的miRNAs 发现,miR-142-3p、 miR-338-3p、miR-454、miR-146a、miR-29b-1*、miR-150、miR-223 表达上调,miR-654-5p、miR-601、miR-198、miR-1226* 表达下调 (log2 FC≥ 2,P<0.05);而miR-142-5p 在原发性桥本甲状腺炎中表达显著性升高近8 倍(log2 FC=7.959,P<0.01)。结论:我们通 过microRNA芯片,首次直接系统筛查了桥本甲状腺炎病变组织相关miRNA 表达谱,总体上初步掌握了与正常甲状腺相比,桥 本甲状腺炎及合并甲状腺乳头状癌时其miRNA 表达谱的变化情况,为我们后续的研究提供了方向与基础。  相似文献   
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Macroalgae harbour specific microbial communities on their surface that have functions related to host health and defence. In this study, the bacterial biofilm of the marine brown alga Fucus spiralis was investigated using 16S rRNA gene amplicon-based analysis and isolation of bacteria. Rhodobacteraceae (Alphaproteobacteria) were the predominant family constituting 23% of the epibacterial community. At the genus level, Sulfitobacter, Loktanella, Octadecabacter and a previously undescribed cluster were most abundant, and together they comprised 89% of the Rhodobacteraceae. Supported by a specific PCR approach, 23 different Rhodobacteraceae-affiliated strains were isolated from the surface of F. spiralis, which belonged to 12 established and three new genera. For seven strains, closely related sequences were detected in the 16S rRNA gene dataset. Growth experiments with substrates known to be produced by Fucus spp. showed that all of them were consumed by at least three strains, and vitamin B12 was produced by 70% of the isolates. Since growth of F. spiralis depends on B12 supplementation, bacteria may provide the alga with this vitamin. Most strains produced siderophores, which can enhance algal growth under iron-deficient conditions. Inhibiting properties against other bacteria were only observed when F. spiralis material was present in the medium. Thus, the physiological properties of the isolates indicated adaption to an epiphytic lifestyle.  相似文献   
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The aim of this study was to analyze the growth response of HeLa cells over a prolonged period of time to a single exposure of physiological and supraphysiological concentrations of 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE), a peroxidation product of omega-6-polyunsaturated fatty acids. Furthermore, the growth modulating effect of serum factors, particularly albumin, on the growth pattern was examined. The effects of HNE on the growth rate and viability of the cells, as well as on the incorporation of labelled amino acids were monitored daily over a period of four days. Fetal calf serum not only had a growth stimualting effect but also modulated the action of HNE. In neither respect was albumin able to substitute for serum indicating that the influence of serum was not exerted via an albumin–HNE conjugate. HNE had a clear dose-dependent effect and a distinction could be made between a supraphysiological concentration (100 μM), which was primarily cytotoxic and a physiological range (below 10 μM) which showed growth modulatory effects. These effects consisted of a transient inhibition in the initial phase of the cell growth, which under optimal conditions (in presence of serum) was followed by a period of increased proliferation, compared to untreated control cultures, until confluence was attained. It is suggested that HNE is not only a toxic product of lipid peroxidation, but a physiological growth regulating factor as well.  相似文献   
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Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a treatment method using light and photosensitizers (PSs), which is categorized as a non-invasive surgery treatment for cancers. When the tumor is exposed to a specific light, the PSs become active and generate reactive oxygen species (ROS), mainly singlet oxygen which kills nearby cancer cells. PDT is becoming more widely recognized as a valuable treatment option for localized cancers and pre-cancers of skin as it has no long-term effects on the patient. But, due to the limited penetration rate of light into the skin and other organs, PDT can’t be used to treat large cancer cells or cancer cells that have grown deeply into the skin or other organs. Hence, in this study, our focus centers on synthesizing glucose-conjugated phthalocyanine (Pc) compatible with near-infrared (NIR) irradiation as second-generation photosensitizer, so that PDT can be used in a wider range to treat cancers without obstacles.  相似文献   
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