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1.
昆虫触角气味结合蛋白的研究进展   总被引:28,自引:10,他引:18       下载免费PDF全文
 昆虫触角气味结合蛋白是一类亲水性的酸性蛋白,在触角感器淋巴液中浓度很高,主要分为4种,即性外激素结合蛋白、普通气味结合蛋白1、普通气味结合蛋白2和气味结合蛋白类似蛋白。由于它们在昆虫识别外界气味物质中起着重要的作用,近10年来,国外对其进行了广泛、深入的研究。该文从气味结合蛋白的研究方法、生化特性、分子结构和生理功能等方面进行综述。  相似文献
2.
In situ detection of heavy metal substituted chlorophylls in water plants   总被引:15,自引:0,他引:15  
The in vivo substitution of magnesium, the central atom of chlorophyll, by heavy metals (mercury, copper, cadmium, nickel, zinc, lead) leads to a breakdown in photosynthesis and is an important damage mechanism in heavy metal-stressed plants. In this study, a number of methods are presented for the efficient in situ detection of this substitution (i.e. in whole plants or in chloroplasts). While macroscopic observations point to the formation of heavy metal chlorophylls at higher concentrations, fluorescence microscopy enables the detection of this reaction at very low substitution rates. Therefore, the course of the reaction can be followed by continuously measuring the fluorescence of whole plants. Furthermore absorbance spectroscopy of whole cells or isolated chloroplasts also enables the in situ detection of heavy metal chlorophylls. These methods provide practicable approaches in detecting the formation of these compounds in situ, avoiding artefacts that might occur using extraction methods based on polar solvents. In addition to the new methods for in situ detection, an extreme heterogeneity in the reaction of cells in the same tissue upon heavy metal stress was observed: while some cells are already disintegrating, others still show normal fluorescence and photosynthetic activity. Measurements of fluorescence kinetics gave a further hint that in high light intensity a substitution of Mg by heavy metals might take place specifically in PS II reaction centres.  相似文献
3.
昆虫神经生物学研究技术:触角电位图记录   总被引:15,自引:1,他引:14  
触角电位图记录是昆虫神经生物学中用于昆虫嗅觉、信息素生物测定研究的重要技术之一。该技术具有敏感性、选择性高及操作简单易行等优点。该文以荷兰Syntech公司的产品为例详细介绍了此技术原理、装置、操作及应用  相似文献
4.
亚洲玉米螟成虫触角的扫描电镜观察   总被引:15,自引:2,他引:13       下载免费PDF全文
 对亚洲玉米螟成虫触角的外部形态结构在扫描电镜下作了观察.触角由柄节、梗节和62—67个鞭节组成,触角背面被鳞片覆盖,绝大部分触角感器位于触角的腹面和侧面.所有鞭节的表皮上都有连续的网纹结构,但在柄节和梗节的表皮上则无.在雌雄蛾的触角上都可以找到以下七种感器,即栓锥感器、腔锥感器、锥形感器(即B?hm氏鬃毛)、刺形感器、耳形惑器、鳞形感器和毛形感器.毛形感器数目最多,并根据其形状和表面细微结构分为两种类型:A型和B型.除锥形感器外,所有的感器都分布在触角鞭节的网纹区上.对此昆虫的触角两性差异进行了详细的讨论.  相似文献
5.
张桂筠  肖蔼祥 《昆虫学报》1992,35(2):154-159
 本文利用扫描电镜首次对蝇蛹俑小蜂(Spalangia endius)触角及其感器进行了研究.共观察到七类感器:触觉毛类感器、板状感器、薄壁化学感受器、锥形乳头状感器、鬃形感器、短刺形感器和棒状感器.同时在丽蝇蛹集金小蜂(Nasonia Vitripennis)触角上观察到七种感器.比较研究发现,在两种小蜂间.同种小蜂异性间.感器的种类、数量、排列及分布均有差异,并对此进行了讨论.  相似文献
6.
Candidate olfactory receptors of the moth Heliothis virescens were found to be extremely diverse from receptors of the fruitfly Drosophila melanogaster and the mosquito Anopheles gambiae, but there is one exception. The moth receptor type HR2 shares a rather high degree of sequence identity with one olfactory receptor type both from Drosophila (Dor83b) and from Anopheles (AgamGPRor7); moreover, in contrast to all other receptors, this unique receptor type is expressed in numerous antennal neurons. Here we describe the identification of HR2 homologues in two further lepidopteran species, the moths Antheraea pernyi and Bombyx mori, which share 86-88% of their amino acids. In addition, based on RT-PCR experiments HR2 homologues were discovered in antennal cDNA of the honey bee (Apis mellifera; Hymenoptera), the blowfly (Calliphora erythrocephala; Diptera) and the mealworm (Tenebrio molitor; Coleoptera). Comparison of all HR2-related receptors revealed a high degree of sequence conservation across insect orders. In situ hybridization of antennal sections from the bee and the blowfly support the notion that HR2-related receptors are generally expressed in a very large number of antennal cells. This, together with the high degree of conservation suggests that this unique receptor subtype may fulfill a special function in chemosensory neurons of insects.  相似文献
7.
草地螟触角化学感受器的电镜观察   总被引:12,自引:0,他引:12  
应用扫描电镜对草地螟成虫触角的外部形态结构进行观察的结果表明:成虫触角存在着5种感觉器,即毛形感器、刺形感器、腔锥感器、锥形感器和耳形感器,其中以毛形感器数目最多,刺形感器分为Ⅰ型和Ⅱ型。并对草地螟触角两性差异及与其它相近昆虫的差异进行了讨论。  相似文献
8.
We investigated the effect of photosynthetic electron transport and of the photosystem II (PSII) chlorophyll (Chl) antenna size on the rate of PSII photoinhibitory damage. To modulate the rate of photosynthesis and the light-harvesting capacity in the unicellular chlorophyte Dunaliella salina Teod., we varied the amount of inorganic carbon in the culture medium. Cells were grown under high irradiance either with a limiting supply of inorganic carbon, provided by an initial concentration of 25 mM NaHCO3, or with supplemental CO2 bubbled in the form of 3% CO2 in air. The NaHCO3-grown cells displayed slow rates of photosynthesis and had a small PSII light-harvesting Chl antenna size (60 Chl molecules). The half-time of PSII photodamage was 40 min. When switched to supplemental CO2 conditions, the rate of photodamage was retarded to a t1/2 = 70 min. Conversely, CO2-supplemented cells displayed faster rates of photosynthesis and a larger PSII light-harvesting Chl antenna size (500 Chl molecules). They also showed a rate of photodamage with t1/2 = 40 min. When depleted of CO2, the rate of photodamage was accelerated (t1/2  = 20 min). These results indicate that the in-vivo susceptibility to photodamage is modulated by the rate of forward electron transport through PSII. Moreover, a large Chl antenna size enhances the rate of light absorption and photodamage and, therefore, counters the mitigating effect of forward electron transport. We propose that under steady-state photosynthesis, the rate of light absorption (determined by incident light intensity and PS Chl antenna size) and the rate of forward electron transport (determined by CO2 availability) modulate the oxidation/reduction state of the primary PSII acceptor QA, which in turn defines the low/high probability for photodamage in the PSII reaction center. Received: 14 August 1997 / Accepted: 26 September 1997  相似文献
9.
七星瓢虫和异色瓢虫3变种成虫触角感器扫描电镜观察   总被引:10,自引:0,他引:10  
七星瓢虫和异色瓢虫触角上分布粗大的毛状感器和短小的锥状感器。毛状感器分布于各个亚节,锥状感器主要密布于鞭节的末节端部。化感器的数量大小中顺序:七星瓢虫>异色瓢虫显明变种>异色瓢虫二斑变型和十九斑变种。  相似文献
10.
玉龙蝠蛾触角感觉器的扫描电镜观察   总被引:9,自引:0,他引:9       下载免费PDF全文
本文报道玉龙蝠蛾 Hepialus yulongensis Liang 触角感觉器种类、形态和分布的扫描电镜观察结果。蝠蛾触角呈丝状,由柄节、梗节和21—27个鞭节组成,总长2.3—2.7毫米,柄节比以后各节长,触角表面缺少隆起的网纹。触角感觉器计有七种,其名称为毛形感器、刺形感器、腔锥感器、锥形感器、鳞形感器、Bohm氏鬃毛及仅出现于雄蛾的钟形感器。根据中心栓的长度,腔下陷的深度和直径,腔锥感器基本上可分为长栓和短栓两种形态类型,腔的周围都无向内倾斜的缘栓;毛形感器可进一步分为A型和B型;Bohm氏鬃毛数量多,主要分布于柄节、梗节,但在端节也能见到。  相似文献
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