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The reproductive and diapausing adult females of brachypterous morph and macropterous females with reproductive arrest of non-diapause type, originating from the laboratory cultures of Pyrrhocoris apterus, were studied for their feeding and drinking behaviour, digestive enzyme activities, and carbohydrate and lipid contents. The highest feeding and drinking activities were observed in reproductive brachypters, the lowest in macropters. Macropters also differed from brachypters by lower activities of gut lipase, peptidase and protease, lower concentration of haemolymph sugars, and lower weight of fat body, which probably reflects their low feeding activity. The total content of fat body lipids was also lower in macropters (0.6 mg) than in reproductive and diapausing brachypters (4.6 and 7.5 mg, respectively) on day 14. A very high amount of glycogen was found in the fat body of diapausing brachypters, 363 micrograms on day 14, as opposed to 15 and 80 micrograms in macropterous and reproductive brachypterous females, respectively. The obtained data indicate that the most important difference between macropterous and brachypterous females with different types of reproductive arrest consists of an enhanced mobilization of lipids for dispersal in macropters and accumulation of energetic reserves for hibernation in brachypters.  相似文献
2.
A new member of the AKH/RPCH family was isolated and identified from the corpora cardiaca of the firebug Pyrrhocoris apterus. The peptide was isolated in a single step by reversed phase HPLC and the structure deduced from the multiple MS (MS(N)) electrospray mass spectra and amino acid analysis as that of an octapeptide with the sequence pGlu-Leu-Asn-Phe-Thr-Pro-Asn-Trp-NH(2): this sequence was confirmed by synthesis. The synthetic peptide induced lipid mobilisation and stimulated locomotory activity in macropterous females. This peptide, designated as Pyrrhocoris apterus adipokinetic hormone (Pya-AKH), is the first identified adipokinetic hormone described in a representative species of the suborder Heteroptera.  相似文献
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