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The RAD1 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is required for the incision step of excision repair of damaged DNA. In this paper, we report our observations on the effect of the RAD1 gene on genetic recombination. Mitotic intrachromosomal and interchromosomal recombination in RAD+, rad1, rad52, and other rad mutant strains was examined. The rad1 deletion mutation and some rad1 point mutations reduced the frequency of intrachromosomal recombination of a his3 duplication, in which one his3 allele is deleted at the 3' end while the other his3 allele is deleted at the 5' end. Mutations in the other excision repair genes, RAD2, RAD3, and RAD4, did not lower recombination frequencies in the his3 duplication. As expected, recombination between the his3 deletion alleles in the duplication was reduced in the rad52 mutant. The frequency of HIS3+ recombinants fell synergistically in the rad1 rad52 double mutant, indicating that the RAD1 and RAD52 genes affect this recombination via different pathways. In contrast to the effect of mutations in the RAD52 gene, mutations in the RAD1 gene did not lower intrachromosomal and interchromosomal recombination between heteroalleles that carry point mutations rather than partial deletions; however, the rad1 delta mutation did lower the frequency of integration of linear plasmids and DNA fragments into homologous genomic sequences. We suggest that RAD1 plays a role in recombination after the formation of the recombinogenic substrate.  相似文献
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The RAD10 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is required for the incision step of excision repair of UV-damaged DNA. We show that the RAD10 gene is also required for mitotic recombination. The rad10 delta mutation lowered the rate of intrachromosomal recombination of a his3 duplication in which one his3 allele has a deletion at the 3' end and the other his3 allele has a deletion at the 5' end (his3 delta 3' his3 delta 5'). The rate of formation of HIS3+ recombinants in the rad10 delta mutant was not affected by the rad1 delta mutation but decreased synergistically in the presence of the rad10 delta mutation in combination with the rad52 delta mutation. These observations indicate that the RAD1 and RAD10 genes function together in a mitotic recombination pathway that is distinct from the RAD52 recombination pathway. The rad10 delta mutation also lowered the efficiency of integration of linear DNA molecules and circular plasmids into homologous genomic sequences. We suggest that the RAD1 and RAD10 gene products act in recombination after the formation of the recombinogenic substrate. The rad1 delta and rad10 delta mutations did not affect meiotic intrachromosomal recombination of the his3 delta 3' his3 delta 5' duplication or mitotic and meiotic recombination of ade2 heteroalleles located on homologous chromosomes.  相似文献
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Analysis of the Mechanism for Reversion of a Disrupted Gene   总被引:15,自引:0,他引:15       下载免费PDF全文
A positive selection system for intrachromosomal recombination in Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been developed. This was achieved by integration of a plasmid containing an internal fragment of the HIS3 gene into its chromosomal location. This resulted in two copies of the HIS3 gene one with a terminal deletion at the 3' end and the other with a terminal deletion at the 5' end. Reversion of the gene disruption could be brought about by plasmid excision, unequal sister chromatid exchange or sister chromatid conversion. The purpose of this study was to define the mechanisms involved in reversion of the gene disruption. The frequency of plasmid excision could be determined by placing a yeast sequence bearing an origin of replication onto the plasmid that was subsequently integrated into the yeast genome. Unequal sister chromatid exchange and conversion could be distinguished by determining the nature of the reciprocal product by Southern blotting. The results indicate that reversion might occur mainly by conversion between sister chromatids. This is because the frequency of plasmid excision was about two orders of magnitude lower than the overall frequency of reversion and no reciprocal product indicative of sister chromatid exchange was found. The findings of this presentation suggest that conversion might be an important mechanism for recombination of sister chromatids and possibly for repair of damaged DNA in S or G2.  相似文献
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Restriction enzyme-mediated events (REM events; integration of transforming DNA catalyzed by in vivo action of a restriction enzyme) and illegitimate recombination events (IR events; integration of transforming DNA that shares no homology with the host genomic sequences) have been previously characterized in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This study determines the effect of mutations in genes that are involved in homologous recombination and/or in the repair of double-stranded DNA breaks on these recombination events. Surprisingly, REM events are completely independent of the double-strand-break repair functions encoded by the RAD51, RAD52, and RAD57 genes but require the RAD50 gene product. IR events are under different genetic control than homologous integration events. In the rad50 mutant, homologous integration occurred at wild-type frequency, whereas the frequency of IR events was 20- to 100-fold reduced. Conversely, the rad52 mutant was grossly deficient in homologous integration (at least 1,000-fold reduced) but showed only a 2- to 8-fold reduction in IR frequency.  相似文献
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R. H. Schiestl  S. Prakash    L. Prakash 《Genetics》1990,124(4):817-831
rad6 mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae are defective in the repair of damaged DNA, DNA damage induced mutagenesis, and sporulation. In order to identify genes that can substitute for RAD6 function, we have isolated genomic suppressors of the UV sensitivity of rad6 deletion (rad6 delta) mutations and show that they also suppress the gamma-ray sensitivity but not the UV mutagenesis or sporulation defects of rad6. The suppressors show semidominance for suppression of UV sensitivity and dominance for suppression of gamma-ray sensitivity. The six suppressor mutations we isolated are all alleles of the same locus and are also allelic to a previously described suppressor of the rad6-1 nonsense mutation, SRS2. We show that suppression of rad6 delta is dependent on the RAD52 recombinational repair pathway since suppression is not observed in the rad6 delta SRS2 strain containing an additional mutation in either the RAD51, RAD52, RAD54, RAD55 or RAD57 genes. Possible mechanisms by which SRS2 may channel unrepaired DNA lesions into the RAD52 DNA repair pathway are discussed.  相似文献
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When the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae was transformed with DNA that shares no homology to the genome, three classes of transformants were obtained. In the most common class, the DNA was inserted as the result of a reaction that appears to require base pairing between the target sequence and the terminal few base pairs of the transforming DNA fragment. In the second class, no such homology was detected, and the transforming DNA was integrated next to a CTT or GTT in the target; it is likely that these integration events were mediated by topoisomerase I. The final class involved the in vivo ligation of transforming DNA with nucleus-localized linear fragments of mitochondrial DNA.  相似文献
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Deletion of an integrated plasmid, a specific type of intrachromosomal recombination, was evaluated for inducibility with the phenylpropenes safrole, eugenol and methyleugenol in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. These phenylpropenes are found in food products, spices, pharmaceuticals and clove cigarettes. Safrole and eugenol are known carcinogens in animals and methyleugenol is a suspected carcinogen. These phenylpropenes are not detectable by the Ames assay and most other short-term tests used currently in predictive carcinogenesis. Like safrole, which has been shown to be nonmutagenic with the Ames assay, eugenol and methyleugenol were found to be nonmutagenic with the Ames assay. In contrast, with the yeast assays which screen for intra- and inter-chromosomal recombination in logarithmic phase cultures, all 3 compounds gave a positive dose-related response. These results demonstrate further that the yeast system can be modified easily to detect various genetic endpoints and that it deserves serious consideration as a test system for predictive carcinogenesis.  相似文献
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