首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   10篇
  2000年   1篇
  1998年   1篇
  1997年   1篇
  1996年   1篇
  1995年   1篇
  1993年   1篇
  1990年   2篇
  1986年   1篇
  1985年   1篇
排序方式: 共有10条查询结果,搜索用时 32 毫秒
1
1.
2.
The relation between photosynthetic oxygen evolution and Photosystem II electron transport was investigated for the marine algae t Phaeodactylum tricornutum, Dunaliella tertiolecta, Tetraselmis sp., t Isochrysis sp. and t Rhodomonas sp.. The rate of Photosystem II electron transport was estimated from the incident photon flux density and the quantum efficiency of Photosystem II electron transport as determined by chlorophyll fluorescence. The relation between the estimated rate of Photosystem II electron transport and the rate of oxygen evolution was investigated by varying the ambient light intensity. At limiting light intensities a linear relation was found in all species. At intensities approaching light saturation, the relation was found to deviate from linearity. The slope of the line in the light-limited range is species dependent and related to differences in absorption cross-section of Photosystem II. The observed non-linearity at high irradiances is not caused by photorespiration but probably by a Mehler-type of oxygen reduction. The relationship could be modelled by including a redox-state dependent oxygen uptake. In the diatom t Phaeodactylum tricornutum, the photochemical efficiency of dark adapted open Photosystem II centers was found to be temperature-dependent with an optimum near 10°C.  相似文献
3.
Chlorophyll fluorescence and photoacoustic transients from dark adapted spinach leaves were measured and analyzed using the saturating pulse technique. Except for the first 30 s of photosynthetic induction, a good correlation was found between photoacoustically detected oxygen evolution at 35 Hz modulation frequency and electron flow calculated from the fluorescence quenching coefficients qP and qN. The induction kinetics of the photothermal signal, i.e., the photoacoustic signal at 370 Hz, reveal a fast (t r <10 ms) and a slow (t r 1 s) rise component. The fast component is suggested to be composed of the minimal thermal losses in photosynthesis and thermal losses from non-photosynthetic processes. The slow phase is attributed to variable thermal losses in photosynthesis. The variable thermal losses were normalized by measuring the minimal photothermal signal (H0) in the dark-adapted state and the maximal photothermal signal (Hm) during a saturating light pulse. The kinetics of the normalized photochemical loss (H-H0)/(Hm-H0) obtained from high-frequency PA measurements were found to correlate with the kinetics of oxygen evolution measured at low frequency.Abbreviations Fm maximum fluorescence - F0 initial fluorescence - Fv variable fluorescence - H photothermal signal - I in-phase - LED light emitting diode - PA photoacoustic - PL photochemical loss - Q quadrature - qN non-photochemical quenching - qP photochemical quenching - VCLS voltage controlled light source  相似文献
4.
Energization of the chloroplast thylakoid membrane causes a temporary decrease in the amplitude of the flash-induced transmembrane electrical potential as monitored by the micro-electrode technique and by the electrochromic absorbance band shift at 518 nm in chloroplasts of Peperomia metallica. This energization-dependent decrease of the flash-induced potential has a relaxation time of recovery in the dark of about 23±4 s. The phenomenon can neither be explained by a decrease of the intrinsic efficiency of photosystem I and II (PSI and PSII) nor by a partial closure of reaction centers of PSI and PSII. This leads us to propose that the energization-dependent decrease of the amplitude of the flash-induced electrical potential is caused by either the formation of a fraction of PSI and/or PSII reaction centers with fast charge recombination or by an increase of the membrane capacitance. The dark recovery after energization of the amplitude of the transmembrane electrical potential and that of non-photochemical fluorescence quenching were found to be comparable, which suggests a common cause for both phenomena.  相似文献
5.
Depletion of carbon dioxide from cells by formate treatment not only causes a cessation of carbon dioxide fixation, but also a dramatic decrease in the rate of electron transfer between QA, the primary plastoquinone electron acceptor of photosystem II, and the cytochrome b6/f complex. We show here that this latter phenomenon can be conveniently monitored by the antagonistic effects of light absorbed in photosystems I and II on chlorophyll a fluorescence yield and P700 turnover in intact cells of green algae and cyanobacteria.  相似文献
6.
The green micro-algae Chlamydomonas reinhardtiiand Dunaliella tertiolecta were cultivated undermedium-duration square-wave light/dark cycles with acycle time of 15 s. These cycles were used to simulatethe light regime experienced by micro-algae inexternally-illuminated (sunlight) air-lift loopbioreactors with internal draft tube. Biomass yieldin relation to light energy was determined as gprotein per mol of photons (400–700 nm). Between 600and 1200 mol m-2 s-1 the yield at a10/5 s light/dark cycle was equal to the yield atcontinuous illumination. Consequently, provided thatthe liquid circulation time is 15 s, a considerabledark zone seems to be allowed in the interior ofair-lift loop photobioreactors (33% v/v) without lossof light utilization efficiency. However, at a 5/10 slight/dark cycle, corresponding to a 67% v/v darkzone, biomass yield decreased. Furthermore, bothalgae, C. reinhardtii and D. tertiolecta,responded similarly to these cycles with respect tobiomass yield. This was interesting because they werereported to exhibit a different photoacclimationstrategy. Finally, it was demonstrated that D.tertiolecta was much more efficient at low (average)photon flux densities (57–370 mol m-2s-1) than at high PFDs (> 600 mol m-2s-1) and it was shown that D. tertiolectawas cultivated at a sub-optimal temperature (20 °C).  相似文献
7.
Effects of the herbicide linuron on photosynthesis of the freshwater macrophytes Elodea nuttallii (Planchon) St. John, Myriophyllum spicatum L., Potamogeton crispus L., Ranunculus circinatus Sibth., Ceratophyllum demersum L. and Chara globularis (Thuill.), and of the alga Scenedesmus acutus Meyen, were assessed by measuring the efficiency of photosystem II electron flow using chlorophyll fluorescence. In a series of single-species laboratory tests several plant species were exposed to linuron at concentrations ranging from 0 to 1000 μg l−1. It was found that the primary effect of linuron, inhibition of photosystem II electron flow, occurred with a half-lifetime of about 0.1 to 1.9 h after addition of linuron to the growth medium. The direct effect of the herbicide on photosynthesis appeared to be reversible. Complete recovery from the inhibition occurred with a half-lifetime of 0.5 to 1.8 h after transfer of linuron treated plants to linuron free medium. The EC50,24h of the inhibition of photosystem II electron transport by linuron was about 9–13 μg l−1 for most of the macrophytes tested. For S. acutus the EC50,72h for inhibition of photosystem II electron flow was about 17 μg l−1 for the free suspension, and 22 μg l−1 for cells encapsulated in alginate beads. In a long-term indoor microcosm experiment, the photosystem II electron flow of the macrophytes E. nuttallii, C. demersum and the alga Spirogyra sp. was determined during 4 weeks of chronic exposure to linuron. The EC50,4weeks for the long-term exposure was 8.3, 8.7 and 25.1 μg l−1 for E. nuttallii, C. demersum and Spirogyra, respectively. These results are very similar to those calculated for the acute effects. The relative biomass increase of E. nuttallii in the microcosms was determined during 3 weeks of chronic exposure and was related to the efficiency of photosystem II electron transport as assessed in the different treatments. It is concluded that effects of the photosynthesis inhibiting herbicide on aquatic macrophytes, algae and algae encapsulated in alginate beads can be conveniently evaluated by measuring photosystem II electron transport by means of chlorophyll fluorescence. This method can be used as a rapid and non-destructive technique in aquatic ecological research. This revised version was published online in August 2006 with corrections to the Cover Date.  相似文献
8.
Pre-illumination of the thylakoid membrane of Peperomia metallica chloroplasts leads to a reversible suppression of the flash-induced electrical potential as measured either with the electrochromic bandshift (P515), microelectrode impalement or patch-clamp technique. The energization-dependent potential suppression was not observed in the presence of 1 μ M nigericin suggesting the involvement of proton and/or cation gradients. Energization in the presence of 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea (DCMU) and N,N,N',N'-tetramethylphenylenediamine (TMPD), i.e. cyclic electron flow around photosystem (PS) I, results in the accumulation of TMPD+ in the thylakoid lumen. The reversible suppression of the flash-induced membrane potential was not observed in these conditions indicating that it is not a general cation-induced increase of membrane capacitance. Cyclic electron flow around PSI in the presence of DCMU and phenazine methosulfate (PMS) results in the accumulation of PMS+ and H+ in the thylakoid lumen. The absence of reversible suppression of the flash-induced membrane potential for this condition shows that accumulation of protons does not lead to (1) a reversible increase of membrane capacitance and (2) a reversible suppression of PSI-dependent electrogenesis. Reversible inactivation of PSII by a low pH in the thylakoid lumen is therefore proposed to be the cause for the temporary suppression of the flash-induced electrical potential. The flash-induced PSII-dependent membrane potential, as measured after major oxidation of P700 in far-red background light, was indeed found to be suppressed at low assay pH (pH 5) in isolated spinach ( Spinacia oleracea ) chloroplasts.  相似文献
9.
A model based on our present knowledge of photosynthetic energy transduction is presented. Calculated electric potential profiles are compared with microelectrode recordings of the thylakoid electric potential during and after actinic illumination periods of intermediate duration. The information content of the measured electric response is disclosed by a comparison of experimental results with calculations. The proton flux through the ATP synthase complex is seen to markedly influence the electric response. Also the imbalance in maximum turnover rate between the two photosystems, common to obligate shade plants like Peperomia metallica used in the microelectrode experiments, is clearly reflected in the electric potential profile.Dedicated to Prof. L.N.M. Duysens on the occasion of his retirement.  相似文献
10.
In this paper, we have presented a minireview on the interaction of bicarbonate, formate and herbicides with the thylakoid membranes.The regulation of photosynthetic electron transport by bicarbonate, formate and herbicides is described. Bicarbonate, formate, and many herbicides act between the primary quinone electron acceptor QA and the plastoquinone pool. Many herbicides like the ureas, triazines and the phenol-type herbicides act, probably, by the displacement of the secondary quinone electron acceptor QB from its binding site on a QB-binding protein located at the acceptor side of Photosystem II. Formate appears to be an inhibitor of electron transport; this inhibition can be removed by the addition of bicarbonate. There appears to be an interaction of the herbicides with bicarbonate and/or It has been suggested that both the binding of a herbicide and the absence of bicarbonate may cause a conformational alteration of the environment of the QB-binding site. The alteration brought about by a herbicide decreases the affinity for another herbicide or for bicarbonate; the change caused by the absence of bicarbonate decreases the affinity for herbicides. Moreover, this change in conformation causes an inhibition of electron transport. A bicarbonate-effect in isolated intact chloroplasts is demonstrated.Paper presented at the FESPP meeting (Strasbourg, 1984)  相似文献
1
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号