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1.
17种植物中蛋白质提取物的抗HIV—1活性   总被引:16,自引:0,他引:16  
以化合物对HIV-1诱导C8166细胞形成合胞体的抑制实验和化合物对HIV-1感染细胞的保护实验作为初筛方法,筛选了来源7科17种植物的47个样品,其中8个样品经测定是核糖体失活蛋白,其余为粗提蛋白。  相似文献
2.
Wang JH  Nie HL  Tam SC  Huang H  Zheng YT 《FEBS letters》2002,531(2):295-298
Trichosanthin (TCS) is a type I ribosome inactivating (RI) protein possessing anti-tumor and antiviral activity, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The mechanism of these actions is not entirely clear, but is generally attributed to its RI property. In order to study the relationship between the anti-HIV-1 activity of TCS and its RI activity, three TCS mutants with different RI activities were constructed by using site-directed mutagenesis. The anti-HIV-1 activities of the three mutants were tested in vitro. Results showed that two TCS mutants, namely TCS(M(120-123)), TCS(E160A/E189A), with the greatest decrease in RI activity, lost almost all of the anti-HIV activity and cytopathic effect. Another mutant TCS(R122G), which exhibited a 160-fold decrease in RI activity, retained some anti-HIV activity. The results from this study suggested that RI activity of TCS may have significant contribution to its anti-HIV-1 property.  相似文献
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Chitinases, -1,3-glucanases, and ribosome-inactivating proteins are reported to have antifungal activity in plants. With the aim of producing fungus-resistant transgenic plants, we co-expressed a modified maize ribosome-inactivating protein gene, MOD1, and a rice basic chitinase gene, RCH10, in transgenic rice plants. A construct containing MOD1 and RCH10 under the control of the rice rbcS and Act1 promoters, respectively, was co-transformed with a plasmid containing the herbicide-resistance gene bar as a selection marker into rice by particle bombardment. Several transformants analyzed by genomic Southern-blot hybridization demonstrated integration of multiple copies of the foreign gene into rice chromosomes. Immunoblot experiments showed that MOD1 formed approximately 0.5% of the total soluble protein in transgenic leaves. RCH10 expression was examined using the native polyacrylamide-overlay gel method, and high RCH10 activity was observed in leaf tissues where endogenous RCH10 is not expressed. R1 plants were analyzed in a similar way, and the Southern-blot patterns and levels of transgene expression remained the same as in the parental line. Analysis of the response of R2 plants to three fungal pathogens of rice, Rhizoctonia solani, Bipolaris oryzae, and Magnaporthe grisea, indicated statistically significant symptom reduction only in the case of R. solani (sheath blight). The increased resistance co-segregated with herbicide tolerance, reflecting a correlation between the resistance phenotype and transgene expression.  相似文献
5.
Ribosome inactivating proteins and apoptosis   总被引:10,自引:0,他引:10  
Ribosome inactivating proteins (RIPs) are protein toxins that are of plant or microbial origin that inhibit protein synthesis by inactivating ribosomes. Recent studies suggest that RIPs are also capable of inducing cell death by apoptosis. Though many reports are available on cell death induced by RIPs, the mechanism involved is not well studied. Comparison of pathways of apoptosis and cellular events induced by various RIPs suggests a central role played by mitochondria, probably acting as an integrator of cellular stress and cell death. The purpose of this review is to compare the various apoptotic pathways that may be involved and propose a general pathway in RIP-induced cell death.  相似文献
6.
金针菇功能性蛋白的研究进展   总被引:10,自引:1,他引:9  
主要综述了近年关于金针菇功能性蛋白,即核糖体失活蛋白、真菌免疫调节蛋白、金针菇毒素(一种成孔溶细胞素)的分离纯化及其性质,它们的生物学作用与作用机制和它们可能的应用及展望。  相似文献
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天花粉蛋白基因的克隆及序列分析   总被引:7,自引:0,他引:7  
本文应用DNA多聚酶链式反应(PCR)技术,从括楼基因组DNA中扩增并克隆了天花粉蛋白(TCS)基因。核酸序列分析结果表明,克隆片段包括TCS的前原蛋白的编码序列和5'一侧翼区段。其编码序列与已发表的不同来源的3种TCS基因的核苷酸序列的同源性分别为99.20%,98.74%和98.64%。推导出的氨基酸序列与已发表的4种TCS的氨基酸序列的同源性分别为98.62%、98.62%、97.41%和9  相似文献
9.
 通过盐溶液抽提、硫酸铵分级沉淀、CM 5 2纤维素阳离子交换层析、反相毛细管液相色谱 (re verse phasecapillaryliquidchromatography ,RP CLC)等步骤 ,从八棱丝瓜籽中分离到 2种单链核糖体失活蛋白luffaculin 1和luffaculin 2 .在SDS PAGE和IEF上均显示为单一条带 ,表观分子量均为 2 8kD ,其等电点分别为 8 86 (luffaculin 1)和 9 0 5 (luffaculin 2 ) .实验表明 ,它们具有RNAN 糖苷酶活性 .蛋白质合成抑制活性测试表明 ,它们对蛋白质合成具较强的抑制作用 .体外抑制肿瘤细胞生长活性检测表明 ,luffaculin 1和luffaculin 2对人白血病细胞株K5 6 2有较强的毒性 ,IC50 分别为 1 1×10 -6mol L和 2 0× 10 -7mol L .八棱丝瓜籽核糖体失活蛋白具有可以用于或构成免疫毒素治疗癌症的应用前景  相似文献
10.
Transgenicwheat plants (variety Frisal) constitutively expressing a number of potentialantifungal proteins alone or in combinations were generated and tested forincreased resistance to Blumeria graminis f.sp. tritici(powdery mildew) in a detached leaf infection assay. The most significativerateof protection was obtained with an apoplastic ribosome-inactivation proteinfrombarley seed. Apoplastic Barnase was less efficient and individual plant linesharbouring a barley seed chitinase and -1,3-glucanase showed linespecificphenotypes from increased resistance to increased susceptibility. Combinationbycrossing of three barley seed proteins did not lead to significant improvementof protection.  相似文献
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