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1.
用正常成年雄性Wistar大鼠53只,体重100~150g,分为正常对照组、实验性脾虚组、自然恢复组和四君子汤治疗组。取胃,固定于Bouin液。制成石蜡切片,进行(1)HE染色;(2)免疫组织化学染色,按Sternberger PAP法显示胃泌素细胞(G细胞)、生长抑素细胞(D细胞)和5-HT细胞。根据细胞的免疫反应程度,将细胞分为强阳性、中等阳性和弱阳性三级,每例动物计数三种细胞各1,000个,并计算各级细胞占的百分比;(3)从正常对照组,脾虚组随机选择各5例动物,对D细胞和G细胞进行显微分光光度计的定量测定;(4)由四组动物随机选择各5例,进行G细胞和D细胞密度及G/D细胞比值的测定。本文的观察表明:(1)脾虚组胃粘膜未见明显的组织学变化;(2)内分泌细胞:与对照组相比,脾虚组G细胞和5-HT细胞中,弱阳性细胞增多,表明分泌活动增强;D细胞弱阳性和中等阳性细胞减少,强阳性细胞增多,表明分泌释放减弱,合成增强。与自然恢复组比较,治疗组G细胞和D细胞的分泌活动接近于对照组;5-HT细胞无明显的恢复;(3)显微分光光度计的测定结果与光镜观察一致,脾虚组G细胞胃泌素反应物的含量低于对照组,D细胞内生长抑素反应物的含量高于对照组;(4)脾虚组G细胞密度低于对照组(P<0.01),D细胞密度略高于对照组,G/D细胞比值也低于对照组(P<0.01)。本文结果提示,脾虚证这些内分泌细胞的分泌活动出现异常,可能是导致消化功能紊乱的原因之一。经四君子汤治疗后,内分泌细胞的分泌活动接近于对照组,说明此药对脾虚证有一定的治疗作用。  相似文献
2.
Analysis of ABCC6 (MRP6) in normal human tissues   总被引:3,自引:1,他引:2  
To determine the tissue distribution of the ABC transporter ABCC6 in normal human tissues, we analyzed tissue arrays for the presence of ABCC6 mRNA by in situ hybridization and ABCC6 protein by immunohistochemistry using the polyclonal antibody HB-6. We detected ABCC6 mRNA and protein in various epithelial cells of exocrine and endocrine tissues, such as acinar cells in the pancreas, mucosal cells of the intestine and follicular epithelial cells of the thyroid. We obtained a very strong immunostaining for enteroendocrine G cells in the stomach. In addition, ABCC6 mRNA and protein were present in most neurons of the brain, in alveolar macrophages in the lungs and lymphocytes in the lymph node. Immunohistochemisty using the monoclonal antibody M6II-31 confirmed the widespread tissue distribution of ABCC6. The physiological substrate(s) of ABCC6 are yet unknown, but we suggest that ABCC6 fulfills multiple functions in different tissues. The strong immunostaining for ABCC6 in G cells suggests that it plays an important role in these endocrine cells.  相似文献
3.
The effect of intragastric administration of acetylcholine on serum and antral gastrin concentrations of rats has been examined using a radioimmunoassay and quantitative electron microscopy. Exposure of the stomach of rats, previously fasted for 24h, to 2% acetylcholine for either 0.5 or 2h resulted in a significant 4--5 fold increase in serum gastrin concentrations to levels similar to those found in fed animals. Such treatment produced no detectable change in antral gastrin concentration or in the number or electron density of secretory granules in the G cells. This lack of detectable change in the G cells was not unexpected since our calculations suggest that less than 10% of the total gastrin stored in the antrum is released over 2h as a result of the stimulation with acetylcholine. The proportion of electron-lucent secretory granules was, however, markedly increased by prolonged fixation in aldehydes. The increase was similar in both ACh stimulated and control animals. These results indicate that the ultrastructural appearance of G cell secretory granules in influenced far more by the conditions of fixation than by the release of gastrin. They therefore cast considerable doubt on the hypothesis that gastrin is released by molecular dispersion from the granules.  相似文献
4.
The ultrastructural appearance of gastrin cell (G cell) granules was studied after different fixation procedures. When the pH of prefixation was varied there was greater preservation of the electron density of granule cores after acidic (pH 5.0 and 6.0) than after neutral or alkaline (pH 7.0 and 8.0) prefixation. Increasing duration of prefixation at pH 7.3 resulted in progressive loss of electron density of the granule core with swelling and occasional rupture of the limiting membrane. In tissues where most granules had been rendered electron lucent by fixation, those granules remaining dense cored were preferentially located close to the Golgi zone. These findings indicate that the electron density of G cell granules is profoundly affected by conditions of fixation, and that immature granules are more resistant to loss of core density than mature granules. They also suggest that the gastrin granule in vivo, like other polypeptide granules, may have a "solid", osmotically inactive core.  相似文献
5.
Summary Ontogenesis of gastrin cells was studied in the pyloroduodenal mucosa of the mouse using anti-human G17 serum, R-1301, and anti-human G34(1–15) serum, R-2703. R-1301-immunostained cells first appeared in the pyloric mucosa of 14-day-old fetuses. Cells stained with both R-1301 and R-2703 appeared immediately after birth, and gradually increased in number to the adult level. Most R-1301-reactive cells were also reactive to R-2703, whereas some cells that reacted with R-1301 exhibited very weak or no reaction with R-2703. The discrepancy between these two immunoreactivities is discussed.In the duodenum, a considerable number of R-1301-reactive cells were present from the perinatal stage and through out adult development. A few R-2703-reactive cells were seen in the duodenum of young mice but not of the adult.  相似文献
6.
Summary The distribution of polypeptide-YY cells within the gastric and duodenal mucosa of the rat and the development of their populations were examined daily from 3 days before birth until day 8 postpartum and after weaning, on day 25 postpartum, using a precise technique of quantification. Polypeptide-YY cells appeared in the stomach around the 19th day of gestation. They were always more numerous in the antral mucosa and particularly in the pyloric sphincter area than in the fundic mucosa. Immunogold staining at the electron-microscopic level revealed that, in the antrum, polypeptide-YY was colocalised with gastrin in endocrine cells mainly of type G and, more rarely, in cells of intestinal type IG. Comparison of the gastrin and polypeptide-YY cell populations in the same rats indicated that, except at day 6 postpartum, there were fewer gastric polypeptide-YY cells than immunoreactive gastrin cells and that polypeptide-YY cells were 8 times less numerous than gastrin cells at day 25 postpartum. Polypeptide-YY cells were clearly present in the duodenum of the 19-day-old embryo. This population increases with age until day 8 postpartum, then significantly decreases (by 87%) between days 8 and 25 postpartum. Because polypeptide-YY may inhibit secretion of gastric acid, it is possible that the presence of significant population of polypeptide-YY cells in the upper digestive tract during the first postnatal week of life may play a role (endocrine or paracrine) in the decreased acid secretion occurring in the newborn rat.  相似文献
7.
Summary Region-specific antisera to three enkephalins: met-enkephalin, met-enkephalin-Arg6-Phe7 and met-enkephalin-Arg6-Gly7-Leu8, together with four region specific antisera to progastrin: C-terminal G17 specific, N-terminal G34 specific, cryptic peptides A- and B-specific, were used in immunohistochemical studies of hog antral mucosa. A sub-population (6–10%) of the gastrin-containing endocrine cells (G-cells) was found to react with antisera to met-enkephalin, met-enkephalin-Arg6-Phe7 and met-enkephalin-Arg6-Gly7-Leu8. About 30% of all the enkephalin-containing cells were identified as G-cells. The results indicate that a fraction of G-cells produces both enkephalin-like peptides and gastrin.  相似文献
8.
Summary The ultrastructure of gastrin cells in the rat antrum was analyzed with standardized and quantitative planimetric methods. Resting and active cells were compared. The gastrin cells were activated by removal of the acidproducing part of the stomach (fundectomy). As a result the serum gastrin concentrations were greatly elevated. Compared with gastrin cells in fasted control rats the gastrin cells in fundectomized rats were increased in number, contained fewer cytoplasmic granules, increased amount of endoplasmic reticulum, and an enlarged Golgi area.Generally, the secretory granules of the gastrin cell displayed a wide range of electron density from highly electron-dense to electron-lucent. They exhibited certain characteristic features: 1) Electron-dense granules made up a greater proportion of the total granule population in active gastrin cells than in resting cells. 2) Electron-dense granules were more frequent near the Golgi stacks than in the periphery of the cell. 3) Electron-dense granules were smaller in size than the electron-lucent granules; hence, small electron-dense granules probably represent young granules (progranules), while large, electron-lucent granules represent mature (old) granules. 4) Electron-dense granules invariably displayed a more intense immunoreactivity than electron-lucent granules.The gastrins are generated from a large precursor molecule. The posttranslational processing of this precursor is reflected in the gastrin-component pattern. The gastrin-component pattern in antral extracts of fundectomized and normal fasting rats differed in that the proportion of the gastrin-4-like component was reduced, whereas the gastrin-34-like component was increased in the fundectomized rats. The results suggest a greater proportion of small gastrin components in the mature granules than in the newly formed ones, presumably due to more extensive conversion of larger forms into smaller forms with a longer granule half-life. As a result gastrin-17-and gastrin-34-like components make up a larger proportion of total gastrin in active gastrin cells than in resting gastrin cells.The findings were presented at the Meeting of the European Gastro-Club, Erlangen, October 1980 (R. Håkanson, J.F. Rehfeld, M. Ekelund, and F. Sundler 1981)  相似文献
9.
A technique has been developed to obtain viable, isolated and enriched populations of gastrin cells (G-cells) from the rat stomach. Restricted tissue samples from a small area of the pyloric antrum known to be particularly rich in G-cells, were sequentially digested with pronase followed by mechanical agitation, to remove the epithelial cells. This technique resulted in a significant enrichment of G-cells (3-4 fold) since the surface epithelial cells and upper portions of the glands were discarded before the initial G-cell fraction was collected. These cells in suspension were then isolated from each other by gentle pipetting in a DNase containing solution and designated the crude preparation (CP). The G-cells were then purified further by separating the cells according to size by velocity sedimentation. The greatest concentration of G-cells (15-25%) was found in the fraction containing cells with diameters of 10 to 12 micrometer. The effectiveness of the technique was evaluated by counting G-cells as identified by electron microscopy and immunofluorescence and assessing gastrin activity by radioimmunoassay. All three methods indicated that cell separation by gravity velocity sedimentation enriched the G-cell population 15-20 fold over their concentration in the CP. The combined techniques of selective pronase digestion followed by gravity velocity sedimentation resulted in an isolated cell preparation containing a 50-100 fold increase of G-cells over their normal distribution in the intact gastric mucosa. Since these isolated G-cells retain features indicating viability, their usefulness for in vitro studies is suggested.  相似文献
10.
Summary Total antral gastrin and somatostatin cell populations as well as their relative distribution pattern throughout the antrum were studied in rats with advancing age from birth time to old age. Both endocrine cell populations were estimated, after staining by immunoperoxidase technique, with a quantitative method using serial parallel strips from entire stomachs. Gastrin cells were regularly found at less than 1 h of post-natal life, but were few in number (447±82 cells). Somatostatin cells, not seen at birth, were observed in all rats at seven post-natal days; then they increased in number less rapidly but more regularly than gastrin cells. During the normal adult period, corrected gastrin cell population corresponds to about 330,000–500,000 cells and corrected somatostatin cell populations to about 130,000–200,000 cells. For the whole antrum the ratio of gastrin cell to somatostatin cell populations decreases through the rat life from 6.5 at 7 days to 1.5 in old age with a stable value, 2.5, during adult period. Examination of the topographical distribution throughout the antrum of these two populations shows that, strip per strip, their numerical ratio varies. Homogeneous values for the latter occur in the middle part of antrum and, as a rule, in each group they reflect the mean value calculated for the whole of the antrum.  相似文献
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