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1.
To identify structural characteristics of the closely related cell surface receptors for insulin and IGF-I that define their distinct physiological roles, we determined the complete primary structure of the human IGF-I receptor from cloned cDNA. The deduced sequence predicts a 1367 amino acid receptor precursor, including a 30-residue signal peptide, which is removed during translocation of the nascent polypeptide chain. The 1337 residue, unmodified proreceptor polypeptide has a predicted Mr of 151,869, which compares with the 180,000 Mr IGF-I receptor precursor. In analogy with the 152,784 Mr insulin receptor precursor, cleavage of the Arg-Lys-Arg-Arg sequence at position 707 of the IGF-I receptor precursor will generate alpha (80,423 Mr) and beta (70,866 Mr) subunits, which compare with approximately 135,000 Mr (alpha) and 90,000 Mr (beta) fully glycosylated subunits.  相似文献
2.
A combination of two methods for detecting distant relationships in protein primary sequences was used to compare the site-specific recombination proteins encoded by bacteriophage lambda, phi 80, P22, P2, 186, P4 and P1. This group of proteins exhibits an unexpectedly large diversity of sequences. Despite this diversity, all of the recombinases can be aligned in their C-terminal halves. A 40-residue region near the C terminus is particularly well conserved in all the proteins and is homologous to a region near the C terminus of the yeast 2 mu plasmid Flp protein. This family of recombinases does not appear to be related to any other site-specific recombinases. Three positions are perfectly conserved within this family: histidine, arginine and tyrosine are found at respective alignment positions 396, 399 and 433 within the well-conserved C-terminal region. We speculate that these residues contribute to the active site of this family of recombinases, and suggest that tyrosine-433 forms a transient covalent linkage to DNA during strand cleavage and rejoining.  相似文献
3.
农药污染对土壤微生物群落功能多样性的影响   总被引:112,自引:1,他引:111  
根据95种不同的单一联底物上的BIOLOGGN微平板系统的反应所构造的多样性指数,结果表明农药严重污染的土壤微生物群落的Shannon指数和均度、Simpson指数、Mclntosh指数和均度均显著低于无污染的对照。说明农药严重污染导致土壤微生物群落功能多样性的下降,减少了能利用有关碳底物的微生物的数量,降低微生物对单一碳底物的利用能力。  相似文献
4.
p53 functions as a cell cycle control protein in osteosarcomas.   总被引:103,自引:35,他引:68       下载免费PDF全文
Mutations in the p53 gene have been associated with a wide range of human tumors, including osteosarcomas. Although it has been shown that wild-type p53 can block the ability of E1a and ras to cotransform primary rodent cells, it is poorly understood why inactivation of the p53 gene is important for tumor formation. We show that overexpression of the gene encoding wild-type p53 blocks the growth of osteosarcoma cells. The growth arrest was determined to be due to an inability of the transfected cells to progress into S phase. This suggests that the role of the p53 gene as an antioncogene may be in controlling the cell cycle in a fashion analogous to the check-point control genes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.  相似文献
5.
We present a detailed analysis of the content and organization of the human immunoglobulin VH locus. Human VH genes representing five distinct families were isolated, including novel members belonging to two out of three of the known VH gene families (VH1 and VH3) as well as members of three new families (VH4, VH5, and VH6). We report the nucleotide sequence of 21 novel human VH genes, many of which belong to the three new VH gene families. In addition, we provide a preliminary analysis of the organization of these gene segments over the full extent of the locus. We find that the five multi-segment families (VH1-5) have members interspersed over nearly the full 1500-2000 kb of the VH locus, and estimate that the entire heavy chain locus covers 2500 kb or less. Finally, we provide the first report of the physical linkage of the variable and constant loci of a human Ig gene family by demonstrating that the most proximal known human VH segments lie within 100 kb of the constant region locus.  相似文献
6.
IRS-1 undergoes rapid tyrosine phosphorylation during insulin stimulation and forms a stable complex containing the 85 kDa subunit (p85) of the phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) 3'-kinase, but p85 is not tyrosyl phosphorylated. IRS-1 contains nine tyrosine phosphorylation sites in YXXM (Tyr-Xxx-Xxx-Met) motifs. Formation of the IRS-1-PtdIns 3'-kinase complex in vitro is inhibited by synthetic peptides containing phosphorylated YXXM motifs, suggesting that the binding of PtdIns 3'-kinase to IRS-1 is mediated through the SH2 (src homology-2) domains of p85. Furthermore, overexpression of IRS-1 potentiates the activation of PtdIns 3-kinase in insulin-stimulated cells, and tyrosyl phosphorylated IRS-1 or peptides containing phosphorylated YXXM motifs activate PtdIns 3'-kinase in vitro. We conclude that the binding of tyrosyl phosphorylated IRS-1 to the SH2 domains of p85 is the critical step that activates PtdIns 3'-kinase during insulin stimulation.  相似文献
7.
We propose a revised standardized nomenclature for the proteins common to all retroviruses on the basis of biological function, enzymatic activity, and/or virion location data. (We do not discuss proteins specific for subfamilies or only some retroviruses.)  相似文献
8.
稻麦轮作生态系统中土壤湿度对N2O产生与排放的影响   总被引:69,自引:7,他引:62  
通过对太湖地区稻麦轮作生态系统的N2O排放及土壤湿度进行系统观测和开展一系列模拟实验,研究了降雨和土壤湿度对N2O排放和产生过程的影响.结果表明,春季和秋季麦田N2O排放与降雨量呈明显正相关,但水稻田和冬季麦田的N2O排放不受降雨影响.稻麦轮作周期内的N2O排放较强烈地受土壤湿度制约,土壤湿度为田间持水量的97~100%或84~86%WFPS(土壤体积含水量与总孔隙度的百分比)时,N2O排放最强,低于此湿度范围时,N2O排放通量与土壤湿度呈正相关,反之,则呈负相关.田间N2O排放随土壤湿度的变化形式与模拟条件下培养土壤样品的N2O产生率变化非常相似,但前者的最佳湿度范围比后者窄,而且偏小.  相似文献
9.
The relationship between platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and the proto-oncogene c-sis has been determined by amino acid sequence analysis of PDGF and nucleotide sequence analysis of c-sis genomic clones. The nucleotide sequences of five regions of the human c-sis gene which are homologous to sequences of the transforming region (v-sis) of simian sarcoma virus (SSV) were determined. By alignment of the c-sis and v-sis nucleotide sequences the predicted amino acid sequence of a polypeptide homologous to the putative transforming protein p28sis of SSV was deduced. Both predicted sequences use the same termination codon and additional coding sequences may lie 5' to the homologous regions. Amino acid sequence analysis of the PDGF B chain shows identity to the amino acid sequence predicted from the c-sis sequences over 109 amino acid residues. Polymorphism may exist at two amino acid residues. These results suggest that c-sis encodes a polypeptide precursor of the B chain. A partial amino acid sequence of the PDGF A chain is also described. This chain is 60% homologous to the B chain and cannot be encoded by that part of c-sis which has been sequenced but could be encoded by sequences which lie 5' to the five regions of v-sis homology in c-sis, or at a separate locus.  相似文献
10.
A human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) glycoprotein gene with homology to glycoprotein B (gB) of herpes simplex virus and Epstein-Barr virus and gpII of varicella zoster virus has been identified by nucleotide sequencing. The gene has been expressed in recombinant vaccinia virus and the gene product recognized by monoclonal antibodies and human immune sera. Rabbits immunized with the recombinant vaccinia virus produced antibodies that immunoprecipitate gB from HCMV-infected cells and neutralize HCMV infectivity in vitro. These data demonstrate a role for this protein in future HCMV vaccines.  相似文献
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