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Summary The postantennal organ in Onychiurus (group armatus) is a sensory organ comprising one sensory cell, several enveloping cells and cuticular structures.The perikaryon of the sensory cell is located in the central nervous system and distally gives off a dendrite in which one inner and two outer segments are distinguishable. Two ciliary structures connect the outer dendritic segments with the inner segment. The outer segments divide repeatedly, basal to the cuticular structures, into small branches which end distally beneath the cuticular wall. The wall of the cuticular structures is very thin and is pierced by numerous funnel-shaped pores. The pores are filled with electron-dense material which forms a continuous sheath underneath the cuticle. This material encases the small dendritic branches and the processes of the enveloping cells which occupy the lumen of the cuticular structures. There are three types of enveloping cells: one inner, several outer and one basal. Their processes differ in the manner in which they envelop the various regions of the dendrite.At the beginning of moulting outer dendritic branches are not found within the cuticular structures of the organ. They may be assumed to retract inwardly. However, in the later stages, when the cuticle is fully formed, the outer dendritic segments appear to divide. It is assumed that the small dendritic branches reach their targets before ecdysis. The electrondense material which clogs the intermoult cuticular pores is absent until the final stages of the moulting cycle.Supported by a grant from the Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst.  相似文献
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