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1.
 研究了通过共享同一寄主卵,短管赤眼蜂Trichogramma pretiosum体内共生的Wolbachia被水平传递到拟澳洲赤眼蜂T. confusum体内后,Wolbachia对新宿主拟澳洲赤眼蜂的影响。结果表明: Wolbachia的侵染能使拟澳洲赤眼蜂进行不完全的产雌孤雌生殖,增加拟澳洲赤眼蜂子代雌性比例,但却导致了雌蜂寿命缩短和繁殖力降低的生理损失。Wolbachia感染的当代处女蜂及其建立的种群连续5代(F1~F5),其子代雌蜂百分率分别为79.17%、76.60%、68.66%、72.58%、68.15%和64.06%,基本上呈现出逐代降低的趋势,并越来越接近对照的63.85%。处女蜂及F1~F5代雌蜂的平均寿命分别为4.33、5.50、5.60、6.68、7.32和7.50天,而未感染交配雌蜂寿命为7.59 天;处女蜂及F1~F5代雌蜂平均产卵量分别为11.33、70.00、86.41、93.90、102.92和124.38粒/雌,除F5代外,均显著低于未感染交配雌蜂的产卵量134.81粒/雌。用四臂嗅觉仪测定了Wolbachia新宿主拟澳洲赤眼蜂对寄主小菜蛾的嗅觉反应,结果表明Wolbachia的侵染具轻微干扰拟澳洲赤眼蜂嗅觉反应的负面影响。未感染Wolbachia的拟澳洲赤眼蜂及Wolbachia供体短管赤眼蜂对寄主小菜蛾具较强的嗅觉反应,其雌蜂在小菜蛾腹部鳞片正己烷提取液和小菜蛾卵表正己烷提取液处理区内滞留时间显著或极显著长于对照区。而感染Wolbachia的拟澳洲赤眼蜂F2代和F3代雌蜂,尽管在小菜蛾腹部鳞片正己烷提取液处理区内滞留时间比对照区长,但没有达到显著水平;其F2代雌蜂在小菜蛾卵表正己烷提取液处理区内滞留时间与对照区相比,也没有达到显著水平。随Wolbachia在拟澳洲赤眼蜂种群中垂直感染代数的增加,拟澳洲赤眼蜂对寄主小菜蛾的嗅觉反应恢复正常,在Wolbachia感染后的 F4~F6代,雌蜂在两种提取液处理区内的滞留时间均显著或极显著长于对照区。  相似文献
2.
SYNOPSIS. Myxidium serotinum was found in 51 of 58 (87.9%) specimens of the two-lined salamander, Eurycea bislineata , from West Virginia. This constitutes a new host record. No specimens of the order Salientia, or other species of the order Caudata were infected. Eurycea bislineata appears to be the normal host of M. serotinum , which is specific for the gallbladder in a variety of amphibian hosts. Apparently, larval E. bislineata becomes infected with M. serotinum , and the parasite does not become a mature trophozoite until after the tadpoles metamorphose to the adult salamander. Certain host hormonal factors may be important to the maturation of M. serotinum.  相似文献
3.
本文报道钝唇姬蜂属三新种乌钝唇姬蜂Eriborusfurvus,sp.nov.,沈阳钝唇姬蜂Eriborusshenyangensis,sp.nov.,柄钝唇姬蜂Eriborusstipitatus,sp.nov.和大螟瘦姬蜂E.terebrans(Gravenhorst)的二寄主新纪录,白杨透翅蛾ParanthrenetabaniformisRott.和青杨天牛SaperdapopulneaL.  相似文献
4.
利用改进的kar交配法,将一个含有340kb人基因组DNA的YAC片段的供体酵母菌株YAC23与受体菌株YLB504进行交配,以选择平板对所形成的候选YAC导入菌进行筛选。经PCR分析,候选YAC导入菌在404bp处有一个扩增带,即具有受体菌株的交配型(MAT α)。进一步用脉冲电泳进行核型鉴定,证实YACs己成功地进入受体,实现了YACs从一个宿主到另一个宿主之间的转移。  相似文献
5.
描述了寄生梨茎蜂Janus piri Okamoto et Muramatsu的一种重要天敌新种--梨茎蜂啮小蜂Tetrastichus janusi sp.nov.,该种属小蜂总科姬小蜂科啮小蜂属.新种群集外寄生于梨茎蜂幼虫,一般1头寄主上寄生4~14头个体,雌雄性比为2.6∶1.0.一年发生两代.在越冬代梨茎蜂幼虫中的寄生率达44.7%.新种在梨茎蜂的生物防治中具有良好的应用前景.这是啮小蜂亚科在国内外首次发现寄生于茎蜂科害虫.新种模式标本保存于中国林业科学研究院昆虫标本馆.  相似文献
6.
In Vostok Bay (Sea of Japan), the parasitic rhizocephalan barnacle Polyascus polygenea (Cirripedia: Sacculinidae) was found for the first time on a coastal crab Hemigrapsus longitarsis (Decapoda: Grapsidae). P. polygenea is a common parasite of H. sanguineus, a species very close to H. longitarsis in taxonomic position and biology.  相似文献
7.
Anoplocephala manubriata (Cestoda: Anoplocephalidae) is a tapeworm that parasitizes both African (Loxodonta africana) and Asian (Elephas maximas) elephants. Its life cycle has not yet been completely elucidated nor have intermediate hosts been previously reported. Soil and substrate was collected in the Kodanadu Forest Range, Ernakulum District and Guruvayur Devaswom Temple grounds, Thrissur District, in Kerala, India. Oribatid mites (Acari: Oribatida) were collected from dung piles near captive elephants' bedding and examined for immature stages of the tapeworm. Five species of oribatids were found to contain at least one immature life stage of A. manubriata: Galumna flabellifera orientalis Hammer 1958, Scheloribates latipes (C.L. Koch 1844), S. praeincisus (Berlese 1913), Protoribates seminudus (Hammer 1971), and P. triangularis (Hammer 1971).  相似文献
8.
9.
Yukio Harada 《Mycoscience》1994,35(3):295-299
Ten rust species are reported with new information on range of distribution and host relations. Among these,Puccinia fagopyricola andUromyces junci were new to Japan, andAecidium araliae was newly found in northern Honshu. Additional collections were made ofBlastospora smilacis, Puccinia malvacearum andP. orbicula in northern Honshu. New hosts were added toColeosporium solidaginis, C. tussilaginis, Phragmidium miyakeanum andPuccinia caricis, and a new Japanese host toPuccinia malvacearum.V: Trans. Mycol. Soc. Japan29: 471–478, 1988.  相似文献
10.
金黄角头小蜂Dirhinus auratus Ashmead(小蜂科:角头小蜂亚科)在中国大陆首次纪录,研究标本均由家蝇蛹放于室外诱集后饲养获得;家蝇蛹为金黄角头小蜂的寄主新记录。本文提供了金黄角头金小蜂形态描述、分布及形态特征图。研究标本保存在中国科学院动物研究所动物标本馆及安徽师范大学标本馆。  相似文献
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