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1.
A cytokine gene therapy approach was conducted against metastatic lesions of cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL)-unsusceptible tumor in mice. The EBV-based and conventional plasmid vectors that encode murine interleukin-12 (IL-12) gene (pGEG.mIL-12 and pG.mIL-12, respectively) were intravenously transfected into the mice that had received a subcutaneous inoculation of M5076 sarcoma cells. The pGEG.mIL-12 transfection drastically suppressed the subcutaneous as well as hepatic metastatic tumors, resulting in significant prolongation of survival period of the animals. Although single administration with pG.mIL-12 was not effective, repetitive transfection with the plasmid significantly prolonged the longevity of the mice-bearing the metastatic liver tumors. Multiple transfection with either pGEG.mIL-12 or pG.mIL-12 also suppressed peritoneal carcinomatosis in mice that had been injected with M5076 cells into the peritoneal cavity. It was suggested that a high level IL-12 production elicited by the intravenous delivery of the cytokine gene may be quite effective in inhibiting metastatic and CTL-unsusceptible neoplasms.  相似文献
2.
Organ-specific metastasis is an important character of cancer cells. Cancer cells that can metastasize to a special organ were thought to have different proteins in cell membrane, which might have potential utility as diagnostic markers and therapeutic targets. In the present work, based on high liver-metastatic gastric cancer cells, XGC9811-L, a screening approach with phage displayed peptide library, was successfully used to isolate 8-mer peptide ligands binding to the target cells. The phage20 had the highest binding efficiency to XGC9811-L cells, which also displayed remarkable cell specificity. Peptide20 that was displayed on phage20 could suppress the motility and invasion of XGC9811-L significantly. The adhesive ability of XGC9811-L to collagen IV was also inhibited by peptide20. Furthermore, phage20 could significantly reduce the incidence of liver metastasis of gastric cancer transplanted into nude mice and was also beneficial for the reduction the number of metastatic nodules in the liver. In conclusion, the phage display is an effective method to screen for the new molecules associated with organ-specific metastasis. The selected peptide20 can reverse the liver metastasis behavior of the gastric cancer cells.  相似文献
3.
Cryosurgical ablation (CSA) of tumors induces disruptive necrosis. Necrosis may release tumor gangliosides into circulation and they may augment serum antiganglioside antibodies depending on the nature of gangliosides released. The hypothesis is tested by determining the level of serum total gangliosides (STG) and their antibody titers in the sera of colon cancer patients with cryoablated liver tumors. As controls, we examined the sera of patients who underwent radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and regular surgery (RS), none of which cause disruptive necrosis. The STG level (expressed as lipid-bound sialic acids, LBSA) is higher (p(2)<0.001) in 35 patients (stage IV) than in 38 healthy case-controls (median 23.48 mg/dL, Q-range 7.1 vs 16.04 mg/dL, Q-range 4.5). The mean STG level increased significantly to 31.2+/-6.0mg/dL (p(2)<0.03) after CSA. Concomitantly, the IgM titer against colon cancer-associated gangliosides (GM(2), GD(1a), GT(1b)), increased significantly, but no increase was observed against normal tissue gangliosides (GM(3) or GM(1)). Also after RFA and RS, no such increase was observed either in the level of STG or in IgM titer against tumor gangliosides. The results suggest that CSA-induced necrosis might have acted as an adjuvant, because purified gangliosides without exogenous adjuvants even after repeated immunization failed to elicit antibody response. The post-CSA decline in the STG level correlated with the increase in the antibodies, suggesting a homeostatic role of the antibodies.  相似文献
4.
We report a case with metastatic small cell lung cancer which first manifested with biliary obstruction due to metastasis. Prognosis of patients presenting with jaundice due to hepatic parenchyma involvement is thought to be poor. However, the patient was successfully treated with percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage and combination chemotherapy with reduced dosage. We believe this to be the first such case report, despite the frequency of metastasis to the liver from small cell lung cancer.  相似文献
5.
Twenty-four patients with liver metastases from gastric or colorectal cancer were treated with OK-432-combined adoptive immunotherapy (AIT). Lymphocytes isolated from regional lymph nodes or peripheral blood were cultured with medium containing T cell growth factor and sonicated tumor extract antigen (SE-Ag) for 9–13 days. The cultured lymphocytes were transferred mainly through the hepatic artery after the administration of OK-432, a streptococcal preparation. Sixteen of the 24 patients received a low dose of anti-cancer agents between the OK-432 injection and cell transfer. When cultured without SE-Ag, regional lymph node lymphocytes (RLNL) showed significantly (P<0.05) higher cytotoxic activity against autologous tumor cells and, on the contrary, lower cytotoxic activity against K562 than peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL). When cultured with SE-Ag, cytotoxicity of RLNL against autologous tumor cells was nearly equivalent to that of PBL. The blastogenesis of fresh PBL to SE-Ag was significantly (P<0.05) augmented after the OK-432-combined AIT. Two patients showed complete response and 4 patients showed partial response among 19 patients who had evaluable lesions. Five patients whose liver metastases were resected were treated with OK-432-combined AIT as an adjuvant therapy. To date they are alive without recurrence in the liver.Abbreviations AIT adoptive immunotherapy - RLNL regional lymph node lymphocytes - SE-Ag sonicated tumor extract antigen  相似文献
6.
The outcome in 31 patients with liver metastases from breast cancer given OK-432-combined adoptive immunotherapy via the hepatic artery was analyzed. Patients received intraarterial OK-432, a streptococcal preparation, followed by the transfer of autologous lymphocytes cultured with autologous tumor extract and interleukin-2 for 9–13 days. Liver lesions were evaluable in 11 of the 12 patients with bone metastasis (group A) and in 16 of the 19 patients without bone metastasis (group B). Complete response (CR) in the liver was attained in 8 patients in group A, but in only 1 in group B (p < 0.01). In group A, radiological features of all metastatic foci of bone improved after CR in the liver. Moreover, the median survival time (MST) of group A (20 months) was longer (p=0.06) than that of group B patients with extra-hepatic metastasis (n=12; MST=6 months), while group B patients with liver metastasis alone (n=7) showed a MST similar to that of group A. Thus, loco-regional immunotherapy via the hepatic artery was found to be useful in controlling both liver and bone metastasis from breast cancer. Moreover, in breast cancer patients with liver metastasis, bone metastasis appears to be a prognostic factor associated with good response to this immunotherapy.Abbreviations MST median survival time - CR complete response - PR partial response - MDP metyl-diphosphonate  相似文献
7.
We tried a infusion of interleukin-2 (IL-2) of a relatively low dose via an intrasplenic arterial catheter connected to a chronometric infusion (IS-IL-2). Eighteen patients of colorectal cancer with metastases to the liver or lung or of unresectable hepatoma received a 24 hour continuous infusion with low dose recombinant of IL-2 (mainly 8 × 105 JRU/day) for 25–40 days. All patients tolerated this protocol of the therapy and the main toxic effects were fever and general fatigue. Such serious toxicity as previously reported by high dose IL-2 therapy was not observed. Data of hepatic and renal functions were normal. IS-IL-2 therapy induced a high incidence of eosinophilia (12/18) and thrombocythemia (12/18). Peripheral natural killer (NK) and LAK activities were augmented in all patients and total white blood cell counts were increased during IS-IL-2 therapy. An increase in IL-2 receptor expression of peripheral blood mononuclear cells and significant rises in numbers of Leull (CD16)+, OKMl(CD11)+ and OKIal(HLA-DR)+ were observed. Of 18 patients 12 were evaluable for their response to therapy. Partial response (PR) was observed in one unresectable hepatoma and 11 demonstrated no change (NC) or progressive disease (PD). Six patients were not evaluable because of additional therapy (3 cases) or decreasing tumor cell markers having no measurable lesions (3 cases). Three patients of colorectal cancer from an unresectable group were presumed to have micrometastases to the liver as suggested by an elevated serum CEA level. After receiving IS-IL-2 therapy they demonstrated a decrease in the serum CEA level for more than 3 years after treatment. We conclude that continuous IS-IL-2 administration can result in an increase of their therapeutic efficacy of IL-2 administration and in a decrease its toxicity.  相似文献
8.
We attempted to induce the regression of liver metastatic tumor cellsin vivo by the administration to rats of Friend leukemia virus (FV) (in vivo xenogenization). The virus which was used in this experiment, FV, is highly immunogenic and does not normally cause disease in an adult rat. At first, we induced a FV viremia in tumor bearing rats in order to deliver the virus to the site of the tumor cells. FV viremia was induced by injecting 60 mg/kg cyclophosphamide (CY) i.v. after the administration of FV, and by transferring syngeneic bone marrow cells so that FV would be able to infect them and then replicate.In order that the tumor cells which were infected with virus should regress, it was necessary to break down their tolerance to FV antigens. As adoptive immunotherapy we therefore, transferred syngeneic spleen cells from rats which had been immunized with FV to tumor bearing rats. The result of this experiment was that these tumor bearing rats infected with FV which had received either normal syngeneic spleen cells or no spleen cells as controls died from liver metastasis (8 out of 9 rats (89%) and 15 out of 17 (88%) respectively). On the other hand, only 4 out of the 15 (27%) tumor bearing rats which were infected with FV and which received FV-immune spleen cells died from liver metastasis.These sets of data indicate that thein vivo xenogenization of tumor cells are indeed able to induce the regression of metastic tumor cells.  相似文献
9.
Pain caused by liver tumors can be alleviated by cryoablation, but little is known about the analgesic effects and duration of pain alleviation. We retrospectively reviewed the changes in the severity of pain before and after percutaneous cryoablation of hepatic tumors. Each patient enrolled in this study had a single hepatic tumor; patients with large tumors (major diameter, ?5 cm) underwent transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) first and then cryoablation. Severe abdominal pain that was not controlled with long-lasting oral analgesics was treated with opioid injections. In all 73 study patients, severe abdominal pain was gradually eased 5 days after cryosurgery, completely disappeared after 15 days and did not recur for more than 8 weeks. There were no differences in analgesic effects between patients with hepatocellular carcinomas and those with liver metastasis (P > 0.05). The patients were divided into four groups depending on their pain outcomes: (i) immediate relief (n = 6), severe abdominalgia was no longer present after cryosurgery; (ii) delayed relief (n = 11), severe abdominalgia disappeared gradually within 15 days after the cryosurgery; (iii) always pain-free (n = 39), severe abdominalgia was not present before or after treatment; and (iv) new pain (n = 17), abdominalgia developed after treatment and disappeared within 15 days. In summary, percutaneous cryoablation of hepatic tumors caused short-term pain in some patients, but this pain disappeared within 15 days. Moreover, the pain-relieving effect of this treatment was sustained for at least 8 weeks, without severe side effects.  相似文献
10.
Glucans are reported to elicit immune responses through activation of macrophages by a specific interaction of β-glucan with an immune cell-specific (1,3)-β-d-glucan receptor or Dectin-1 receptor. In this study, superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) were coated with β-glucan in order to target the immune cells residing in the metastatic liver as an aid for discriminating metastasized tumor regions from normal hepatic parenchymal tissue. The morphology of prepared β-glucan-coated SPIONs (Glu-SPIONs) was characterized with dynamic light scattering (DLS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The cytotoxicity of Glu-SPIONs was analyzed and compared to that of dextran- and PVA-coated SPIONs. The uptake of Glu-SPIONs by peritoneal macrophages was also confirmed with Prussian blue staining and MRI phantom tube imaging. The in vivo uptake of Glu-SPIONs in liver and lymph nodes in a metastatic mouse liver model was tracked by MR imaging after the systemic injection. The Glu-SPIONs predominantly accumulated in the macrophages surrounding the metastatic regions of the liver thereby indicating the distribution of tumor cells in the liver. MR imaging of the Glu-SPIONs clearly revealed macro- or micro-metastasized tumor regions throughout the liver, due to the preferential uptake of Glu-SPIONs into macrophages, not tumor cells. The Glu-SPION-accumulating regions were further confirmed with H&E and Prussian blue stainings after tissue sectioning. Based on our study, we propose that Glu-SPIONs can be successfully applied for diagnosing hepatic metastasis.  相似文献
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