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5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is one of the widely used chemotherapeutic drugs targeting various cancers, but its chemo-resistance remains as a major obstacle in clinical settings. In the present study, HT-29 colon cancer cells were markedly sensitized to apoptosis by both 5-FU and genistein compared to the 5-FU treatment alone. There is an emerging evidence that genistein, soy-derived phytoestrogen, may have potential as a chemotherapeutic agent capable of inducing apoptosis or suppressing tumor promoting proteins such as cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). However, the precise mechanism of cellular cytotoxicity of genistein is not known. The present study focused on the correlation of AMPK and COX-2 in combined cytotoxicity of 5-FU and genistein, since AMPK is known as a primary cellular homeostasis regulator and a possible target molecule of cancer treatment, and COX-2 as cell proliferation and anti-apoptotic molecule. Our results demonstrated that the combination of 5-FU and genistein abolished the up-regulated state of COX-2 and prostaglandin secretion caused by 5-FU treatment in HT-29 colon cancer cells. These appear to be followed by the specific activation of AMPK and the up-regulation of p53, p21, and Bax by genistein. Under same conditions, the induction of Glut-1 by 5-FU was diminished by the combination treatment with 5-FU and genistein. Furthermore, the reactive oxygen species (ROS) was found as an upstream signal for AMPK activation by genistein. These results suggested that the combination of 5-FU and genistein exert a novel chemotherapeutic effect in colon cancers, and AMPK may be a novel regulatory molecule of COX-2 expression, further implying its involvement in cytotoxicity caused by genistein.  相似文献
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大鼠体内气管损伤修复过程及气管干细胞的定位研究   总被引:7,自引:0,他引:7  
目的观察大鼠体内气管损伤修复过程,进行气管干细胞的定位.方法应用氟尿嘧啶(5-FU)诱发在体气管上皮损伤,动态观察修复过程;对损伤后气管上皮细胞行Hoechst33342荧光染色,并用RT-PCR法检测ABC转运蛋白ABCG2/bcrp1基因.结果1.5-FU作用30min后大鼠气管上皮细胞绝大部分脱落,可见少量间隔分布的类似裸核的细胞呈钉状位于基底膜上,免疫组化检测增殖细胞核抗原阴性,证明为G0期细胞.其中部分细胞Hoechst33342染色阴性,为侧群(side population,SP)细胞.2.将5-FU 去除3-6h后,上皮细胞形态变为扁平,9-12h 后细胞变为立方,细胞数目逐渐增多,24h上皮细胞数更多,连接成片,可见纤毛,48h 接近恢复假复层纤毛柱状上皮.3.RT-PCR检测ABCG2/Bcrp1阳性反应产物长度为272bp.结论5-FU打击后,残余的G0期气管上皮细胞中含有干细胞.  相似文献
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PLGA-5-氟尿嘧啶缓释微球治疗结直肠癌裸鼠的探讨   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
目的研究PLGA-5-氟尿嘧啶缓释微球瘤周给药对结直肠癌移植瘤的治疗效果。方法将60只结直肠癌荷瘤鼠随机分为6组,每组10只。A、B组瘤周注射PLGA-5-氟尿嘧啶缓释微球,5-氟尿嘧啶剂量分别为200mg/kg和100 mg/kg;C、D组瘤周注射5-氟尿嘧啶注射液,5-氟尿嘧啶剂量分别为200 mg/kg和100 mg/kg;E组瘤周注射PLGA微球,800 mg/kg;F组不给予任何治疗。于0、3、6、9、12、15d观察裸鼠生存状况、称体重、测量肿瘤大小。15d时处死动物,称瘤重,计算抑瘤率,绘制肿瘤生长曲线;取血行白细胞计数、肝肾功能检查。结果A、B组肿瘤生长曲线平缓,15 d时A、B组肿瘤体积与C、D、E、F组比较,结果差异有显著性,C、D组肿瘤体积与E、F组比较差异无显著性;A、B组抑瘤率分别为75%和62%,与C、D组比较,结果差异有显著性;A、B、C、D、E组体重在0 d及15 d与F组比较,差异无显著性,15 d时各组白细胞计数及肝肾功能检查值均在正常范围。结论PLGA-5-氟尿嘧啶缓释微球瘤周给药能有效抑制结直肠癌移植瘤的生长,且无明显的毒副作用。  相似文献
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Capecitabine (N4-pentoxycarbonyl-5'-deoxy-5-fluorocytidine, Xeloda), a prodrug of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), is an oral tumor-selective fluoropyrimidine carbamate approved in the treatment of colorectal and breast cancer. It has a preferential activation to 5-FU by thymidine phosphorilase (TP) in target tumor tissues through a series of three metabolic steps minimizing the exposure of normal tissues to 5-FU. It offers the potential of less gastrointestinal toxicity and advantages in terms of convenience and quality of life for the patient, in addition to cost-effectiveness as compared with intravenous 5-FU chemotherapy. We developed a high performance liquid chromatography assay for the determination of plasma capecitabine and its nucleoside metabolite concentrations and 5-FU catabolite dihydro-5-fluorouracil in a single step extraction and a single HPLC injection. The retention times of dihydro-5-fluorouracil, 5-FU, 5'-deoxy-5-fluorouridine (5'-DFUR) and capecitabine were 3.6, 4.4, 11.4 and 20.4 min, respectively and the internal standard retention times were 8.7 and 12.2 min for 5-bromouracil (5-BU) and tegafur, respectively. The limit of detection was 0.01 microg/ml for capecitabine and its nucleoside metabolites and the limit of quantification was 0.025 microg/ml. Extraction efficiency was >80% with a single solvent mixture extraction step for all analytes of interest. The assay had good precision, the within-day and between-day standard deviation of the mean (R.S.D.) being <10% in the linear range 0.025-10 microg/ml. The authors conclude that the method described here is ideally suited for the therapeutic monitoring of capecitabine and its metabolites.  相似文献
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Cerivastatin is one of the synthetic 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors used for the treatment and prevention of hypercholesterolaemia. The observation that patients receiving this drug had a lower incidence at cancer led to our interest in using it as a putative anticancer agent. In this study, we tested the cytotoxicity of cerivastatin on a panel of 5-fluorouracil (5FU) sensitive and resistant cell lines in vitro. Cerivastatin was cytotoxic to both 5FU sensitive and resistant cells. Cerivastatin significantly augmented the cytotoxic effect of 5FU on drug sensitive (6-22-fold) and resistant (229-310-fold) cell lines. Cerivastatin and 5FU acted synergistically. Cerivastatin inhibited nuclear factor kappaB DNA binding activity. The enhancing effect of cerivastatin on 5FU was partially mevalonate pathway independent. Cerivastatin may allow successful 5FU therapy in chemoresistant patients.  相似文献
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双歧杆菌脂磷壁酸与5-氟尿嘧啶联用的抗肿瘤研究   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
目的探讨双歧杆菌脂磷壁酸与5-氟尿嘧啶(5-Fu)联用对H22荷瘤小鼠的抗肿瘤作用及免疫功能的影响。方法双歧杆菌脂磷壁酸单独或联合5-Fu处理H22荷瘤Balb/c小鼠,定期测量肿瘤大小,观察小鼠一般状况;计算抑瘤率、血红细胞数和白细胞数,取脾和胸腺计算脏器指数;HE染色分析肿瘤组织变化;MTT法检测小鼠脾T淋巴细胞增殖转化功能以及ELISA法检测小鼠脾淋巴细胞分泌IFN-γ含量。结果双歧杆菌脂磷壁酸及5-Fu单独应用均可抑制肿瘤生长,但单独5-Fu处理组小鼠一般状况差,毒性反应重;双歧杆菌脂磷壁酸与5-Fu联合应用,与单独5-Fu处理组比较,不仅抑瘤率明显提高(P〈0.01),且荷瘤小鼠一般状况改善,白细胞数升高,脏器指数增加,小鼠脾T淋巴细胞增殖能力强,脾淋巴细胞分泌IFN-γ,水平提高;光镜观察HE染色瘤体组织,双歧杆菌脂磷壁酸处理组可见大量炎症细胞浸润。结论双歧杆菌脂磷壁酸联合5-FU能增强化疗的抑瘤作用,并能扭转化疗引起的免疫低下现象,起到增效减毒作用。  相似文献
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