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1.
We review the New Caledonian representatives of the Australasian endemic hydroptiline genus Acritoptila, based on examination of a considerable collection of material in the Swedish Museum of Natural History and of types of previously established species. A key for identification of males is given and includes 3 species newly described here: A. parallela sp. n., A. forficata sp. n. and A. macrospina sp. n. For all New Caledonian species, male genitalia are illustrated, and for 5 associated females, distinctive features are illustrated and described.  相似文献   
2.
A. H. Coetzer 《Hydrobiologia》1987,144(3):193-210
Paramesochra mielkei sp.n. is described and figured from the interstices of subtidal sandy sediments off the SW Dutch coast. Kunz' (1981) phylogenetic scheme of the Paramesochridae Lang, 1948 is re-examined and it is suggested that the family comprises two phyletic lines which originated early in paramesochrid evolution. Translation into Linnean hierarchies implies the establishment of two new sub-families. Within the primitive Diarthrodellinae subfam. n., Tisbisoma Bozic, 1964 is ancestral to Diarthrodella Klie, 1949 s.l. and Rossopsyllus Soyer, 1975. Remanea Klie, 1929 is transferred to the Paramesochrinae subfam. n. which comprises the genera of both the Scottopsyllus- and the Paramesochra-group. The aberrant genus Caligopsyllus Kunz, 1975, standing close to Apodopsyllus, is removed from the Paramesochra-group. P. brevifurca Galhano, 1970 is splitted into two subspecies and replaced in the genus Paramesochra. An attempt is made to assess the phyletic interrelationships of the Paramesochra-species and the resulting cladogram splits the genus into four species-groups. P. mielkei sp.n. is referred to the dubia-group and seems to be closely related to P. borealis Geddes, 1981. Finally, an amended diagnosis and a revised key to the species of the genus Paramesochra are presented.  相似文献   
3.
腐霉属分类性状评价及其中国的种   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
本文对腐霉属Pythium Pringsheim的研究历史作了简单的回顾,对该属的分类性状和系统进行了论述和评价,最后对中国已发现的55种腐霉,以检索表的方式进行了分类、检索。  相似文献   
4.
Seven species of snakeheads (Channidae) are known from Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore, viz. Channa bankanensis, C. gachua, C. lucius, C. marulioides, C. melasoma, C. micropeltes and C. striata. Up-to-date distribution maps of each species are presented, including new records. Their systematics is reviewed and partially revised. The taxonomic status of C. marulioides and C. melanoptera is clarified. Specimens from Peninsular Malaysia identified as C. melanoptera sensu Weber & de Beaufort, 1922, proved to be the adult form of C. marulioides s.str. The real C. melanoptera appears to be restricted to Borneo and possibly Sumatra. The life history of a blackwater species C. bankanensis is also documented, with regards to the morphological and colour-pattern changes associated with growth. An updated key to the seven species based on morphometric measurements and meristic counts is presented.  相似文献   
5.
中国瑟姬小蜂及二新种的描述(膜翅目:姬小蜂科)   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
瑟姬小蜂属Cirrospilus昆虫是鳞翅目,双翅目,特别是细蛾,潜叶蛾,潜叶蝇类及其他荫蔽性小幼虫或蛹的重要寄生蜂,有些也能重寄生于绒茧蜂和蜘蛛卵等中,本文除二新种描述外,还收入瑟姬小蜂六种。一并列于检索表中。  相似文献   
6.
7.
ABSTRACT. Rhodamine 123, a membrane potential-specific dye, has been evaluated as a probe to monitor the function of the mitochondrion in long slender bloodstream and procyclic trypomastigotes of several Trypanosoma brucei spp. By epifluorescence microscopy, mitochondrial development has been followed in long slender bloodstream and procyclic organisms stained with rhodamine 123. to photograph stained long slender bloodstream forms, it was necessary to develop a method to completely immobilize viable organisms. In both parasite forms, as the cell cycle progressed, the mitochondrion developed from a thread-like structure to a highly branched organelle. A dramatic reorganization occurred preceding cytokinesis to produce two progeny thread-like structures which were partitioned into newly formed daughter cells. the organelle within the long slender trypomastigote was found to stain optimally at 0.3 μ/ml of rhodamine 123, while the procyclic form required 3.0 μ/ml. the results suggest that the plasma membrane potential is higher in the long slender parasite than in the procyclic form. the effects of inhibitors that disrupt mitochondrial function were examined in long slender and procyclic parasites, and some of these agents were shown to affect rhodamine 123 accumulation and retention. In long slender trypomastigotes the trypanosome alternative oxidase does not appear to be coupled to proton pumping, whereas in procyclic organisms the effects of inhibitors indicate that this oxidase may be coupled to a pathway that is branched preceding an antimycin A1-sensitive site.  相似文献   
8.
聚谷氨酸(polyglutamic acid, PGA)作为一种天然多功能的聚合物,近年来成为研究的热点。由于很难通过化学方法合成,微生物发酵是目前生产聚谷氨酸的有效途径。【目的】从基因水平探究枯草芽孢杆菌聚谷氨酸合成途径中degS、degQ、degU、swrA、rocA、putM基因的功能,通过分子改造实现对代谢途径的调控。【方法】以枯草芽孢杆菌为出发菌株,通过对代谢途径中相关基因进行敲除或过表达,分别构建degS、degQ和degU基因缺失的重组菌,swrA、rocA和putM基因过表达的重组菌,借助菌株胞外聚谷氨酸积累的变化分析影响途径的关键节点。【结果】在摇瓶发酵条件下,重组菌Bacillus subtilis 168-swrA、Bacillus subtilis 168-rocA、Bacillus subtilis 168-putM的胞外聚谷氨酸含量分别是原始菌株的1.28倍、1.47倍和1.37倍。重组菌Bacillus subtilis 168-ΔdegS、Bacillus subtilis 168-ΔdegQ、Bacillus subtilis 168-ΔdegU的胞外...  相似文献   
9.
Trypanosoma Manulis N. Sp. From the Russian Pallas Cat Felis Manul   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
ABSTRACT. The morphology of Trypanosoma manulis n. sp. is described from living and stained specimens obtained from the blood of a Pallas cat, Felis manul , from Kazakhstan. the cat was also infected with a Hepatozoon sp. and feline immunodeficiency virus. the morphology of the trypanosome most closely resembles that of Trypanosoma mpapuense Reichenow and Trypanosoma heybergi Rodhain found in bats. Trypanosoma manulis does not grow well in conventional media, but co-culture with African green monkey kidney cells in Eagle's Minimum Essential Medium supplemented with 10% fetal calf serum at approximately 27° C resulted in luxuriant growth of trypanosomes. Under these growth conditions, epimastigotes adhered to the surface of the culture flask and to African green monkey kidney cells, as well as forming large rosettes. At 37° C, although growth was poor, transformation of the epimastigotes into the bloodstream forms occurred. This represents the first report of a trypanosome of the subgenus Megatrypanum in a felid.  相似文献   
10.
Eco-evolutionary dynamics, or eco-evolution for short, are often thought to involve rapid demography (ecology) and equally rapid heritable phenotypic changes (evolution) leading to novel, emergent system behaviours. We argue that this focus on contemporary dynamics is too narrow: Eco-evolution should be extended, first, beyond pure demography to include all environmental dimensions and, second, to include slow eco-evolution which unfolds over thousands or millions of years. This extension allows us to conceptualise biological systems as occupying a two-dimensional time space along axes that capture the speed of ecology and evolution. Using Hutchinson's analogy: Time is the ‘theatre’ in which ecology and evolution are two interacting ‘players’. Eco-evolutionary systems are therefore dynamic: We identify modulators of ecological and evolutionary rates, like temperature or sensitivity to mutation, which can change the speed of ecology and evolution, and hence impact eco-evolution. Environmental change may synchronise the speed of ecology and evolution via these rate modulators, increasing the occurrence of eco-evolution and emergent system behaviours. This represents substantial challenges for prediction, especially in the context of global change. Our perspective attempts to integrate ecology and evolution across disciplines, from gene-regulatory networks to geomorphology and across timescales, from today to deep time.  相似文献   
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