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1.
The ECF™ lateral flow assay test is marketed to detect non-pregnancy in mares. The objectives of the present study were to determine the accuracy of the ECF test, the accuracy of the electronic reader accompanying the ECF test, and agreement between two human readers and the electronic reader. Serum samples were collected from anestrus, cycling but not inseminated, and inseminated mares, and were evaluated with the ECF™ test (EDP Biotech Company, Knoxville, TN, USA) at The Ohio State University and at the EDP Biotech Laboratory. Specificity ranged from 0.07 to 0.16, the negative predictive value ranged from 0.15 to 0.33, and accuracy ranged from 0.43 to 0.52. The electronic reader did not add improve the accuracy or predictive values of the test. Based on the electronic reader, 80.0% of the serum samples collected from the anestrus mares were false positives; Readers 1 and 2 had 60.0 and 33.3% false positives, respectively. For samples collected during the estrous cycle, 83.9% were false positives by the electronic reader, whereas Readers 1 and 2 had 43.7 and 26.4% false positives. We concluded that, regardless of whether the test strips were evaluated by a human or electronic reader, this assay was not accurate for determination of the non-pregnant mare.  相似文献   
2.
Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopic imaging is an emerging microscopy modality for clinical histopathologic diagnoses as well as for biomedical research. Spectral data recorded in this modality are indicative of the underlying, spatially resolved biochemical composition but need computerized algorithms to digitally recognize and transform this information to a diagnostic tool to identify cancer or other physiologic conditions. Statistical pattern recognition forms the backbone of these recognition protocols and can be used for highly accurate results. Aided by biochemical correlations with normal and diseased states and the power of modern computer-aided pattern recognition, this approach is capable of combating many standing questions of traditional histology-based diagnosis models. For example, a simple diagnostic test can be developed to determine cell types in tissue. As a more advanced application, IR spectral data can be integrated with patient information to predict risk of cancer, providing a potential road to precision medicine and personalized care in cancer treatment. The IR imaging approach can be implemented to complement conventional diagnoses, as the samples remain unperturbed and are not destroyed. Despite high potential and utility of this approach, clinical implementation has not yet been achieved due to practical hurdles like speed of data acquisition and lack of optimized computational procedures for extracting clinically actionable information rapidly. The latter problem has been addressed by developing highly efficient ways to process IR imaging data but remains one that has considerable scope for progress. Here, we summarize the major issues and provide practical considerations in implementing a modified Bayesian classification protocol for digital molecular pathology. We hope to familiarize readers with analysis methods in IR imaging data and enable researchers to develop methods that can lead to the use of this promising technique for digital diagnosis of cancer.  相似文献   
3.
Pallister-Killian syndrome (PKS) is a rare sporadic genetic disorder usually caused by mosaicism of an extra isochromosome of 12p (i(12p)). This retrospective study analysed the prenatal ultrasound manifestations and molecular and cytogenetic results of five PKS foetuses. Samples of amniotic fluid and/or cord blood, skin biopsy and placenta were collected. Conventional karyotyping and single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP array) were performed on all the amniotic fluid or cord blood samples. Copy number variants sequencing (CNV-seq) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were also used for the validation for one foetus. All the five foetuses were from pregnancies with advanced parental age. Two foetuses involved structural abnormalities and one foetus had only soft markers, all of which included increased nuchal translucency. The rest two foetuses had normal ultrasounds in the second trimester, which has rarely been reported before. The karyotype revealed typical i(12p) in four cases and a small supernumerary marker chromosome consisting of 12p and 20p in the remaining one case. The proportion of cells with i(12p) ranged from 0 to 100% in cultural cells, while SNP array results suggested 2−4 copies of 12p. For one foetus, metaphase FISH showed normal results, but the interphase FISH suggested cell lines with two, three and four copies of 12p in the amniotic fluid. Advanced parental age may be an important risk factor for PKS, and there were no typical ultrasound manifestations related to PKS. A combination of karyotype analysis and molecular diagnosis is an effective method for the diagnosis of PKS.  相似文献   
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Facing the requirements of refined paleodemographical analyses, the access to the early ontogenetic sex ratio of skeletal populations is an important feature. Using raw data provided byFazekas & Kosa (1978) for a sample of known sex, discriminant functions are derived from hip and thigh bone dimensions that allow an almost unbiased classification of more than 70% of fetal and neonate individuals.  相似文献   
6.
Estrogen concentration in feces was investigated in five different herbivorous species of zoo animals. Using a nonspecific estrogen radioimmunoassay, in four species (red buffalo, yak, Grevy's zebra, and Nubian ibex) pregnancy was revealed by measuring estrogen concentration in feces. In hippopotamus, the levels of fecal estrogens were not different between pregnant and nonpregnant animals.  相似文献   
7.
Spectrophotometric assay for ornithine decarboxylase   总被引:11,自引:0,他引:11  
A rapid and sensitive spectrophotometric assay for ornithine decarboxylase is described. It is based on the observation that the product of ornithine decarboxylase, putrescine, reacts with 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid to give a colored product soluble in 1-pentanol whereas ornithine does not. The amount of putrescine produced by the enzyme was determined by measuring the absorbance of the 1-pentanol extract of the reaction mixture at 420 nm, and by comparing the results to those obtained by the trapping of 14CO2 and by HPLC assays. The three assays were found to be equivalent in sensitivity, with the spectrophotometric assay having the advantages of being relatively rapid, requiring only common laboratory equipment, and not requiring the use of radioactive isotopes.  相似文献   
8.
A firm, mobile, oblong mass was discovered as an incidental finding in the stomach of a chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) during routine surgery. It was removed and determined to be a trichobezoar.  相似文献   
9.
本研究旨在探讨福建荔枝最重要品种兰竹的叶片营养元素适宜含量。统计分析表明,不同地点、年份对同一品种叶片元素含量存在明显的差异;荔枝叶片含氮量变异系数最小,并按磷、镁、钙、钾依次增大。本研究初步提出的丰产兰竹荔枝秋梢叶片营养元素适宜含量为:氮1.5—2.2%,磷0.12—0.18%,钾0.7—1.4%,钙0.3—0.8%,及镁0.18一0.88%;其叶片氮、磷、钾、钙、镁的适宜比例是1:0.08:0.57:0.30:0.12。上列指标可供荔枝营养诊断指导施肥之参考。  相似文献   
10.
New techniques in rapid viral diagnosis   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Abstract The development of new diagnostic techniques in immunology and molecular biology during the last two decades has opened up new possibilities for rapid viral diagnosis. Solid phase immunoassays for antigen and antibody detection are now widely used in diagnostic settings. Several novel techniques have been introduced and have led to commercially available tests. Diagnostic methods using nucleic acid amplification procedures are already applied in research laboratories and will be commercialized soon. Biosensor-based diagnostic techniques have the potential of generating a result nearly instantaneously and it has become possible to monitor kinetic processes. Automatization and simplified procedures are needed to allow diagnostic tests to be performed soon after the sample has been obtained from the patient. In order to evaluate the new procedures and avoid false results, rigorous quality control in diagnostic virology will have to be instituted.  相似文献   
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