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1.
Sur  Banani 《Mycopathologia》1998,144(2):77-80
A mycological survey was carried out on the fruit surface of Indian jujube during its growth period (before harvest). A total of 32 microfungi belonging to 20 genera were isolated by surface washing technique. Artificial inoculations with the isolated myco-propagules were also performed in mature jujube fruits and most of them were able to cause rot of varying severity. However, Monodictys castaneae, Eupenicillium lapidosum, Paecilomyces fumosoroseus, Trichurus spiralis and Acremonium spp., although present on the fruit surface, were not able to cause rot, indicating lack of specific macerating enzymes necessary for postharvest pathogenesis. This revised version was published online in June 2006 with corrections to the Cover Date.  相似文献   
2.
金丝小枣的加工研究与分析   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
本文探讨了利用生产枣肉干过程中挑选出的等外枣和去除的枣核加工枣粉和枣核粉的工艺,并对其营养成分进行了分析。  相似文献   
3.
枣麦间作枣园主要蚧虫复合种群结构及生态位   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
为了有效地控制枣树蚧害,2002年在太谷地区对枣麦间作枣园的康氏粉蚧(Pseudococcus comstock Kuwane)、日本蜡蚧(Ceroplastes japonicus Green)和梨园蚧(Quadraspidiotus perniciosus Comstock)的复合种群结构及其生态位进行了系统研究.结果表明,在枣树发育早期,3种蚧虫分布范围主要在下、中部的东、南方位,康氏粉蚧的时空二维生态位的宽度较大,是该时期的优势种.到中期3种蚧虫复合种群的分布聚集在树冠上部的西、北方位,时 空二维生态位的宽度以日本蜡蚧较大,种间相似程度和竞争不明显.后期3种蚧虫的复合种群结构在各部位的各个方位的分布无明显差异,但梨园蚧的虫口密度较大,日本蜡蚧在生态位上占据较大的空间.与枣树发育的中期相比,3种蚧虫复合种群结构的相似性与种间竞争系数的平均值要小.蚧害预防应早期控制康氏粉蚧,中期调治3种蚧虫的危害,后期应采取措施压低越冬虫源.  相似文献   
4.
枣园生态系统中害虫与天敌群落演替规律的研究   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6  
通过对太谷地区枣园害虫天敌群落的系统调查,并应用最优分割法。主分量分析法和1维和2维排序法,探讨了引起枣园害虫和天敌群落演替的主要类群及其演变规律.结果表明, 群落具有明显的主导因子和时序演替格局,枣园害虫和天敌群落在前3个主分量上的变动较大,且跟随效应明显;枣园害虫和天敌群落的演替在时间过程中明显分为4个阶段:枣树发芽前、枣树展叶开花期、枣树结果期、枣果着色成熟期;利用主分量分析法,明确了主要害虫及其天敌的种类.  相似文献   
5.
选择交城骏枣(Zizyphus jujube cv.Jiaocheng Junzao)作为分离内生细菌的材料,从中共分离到18株内生菌株,运用平板对峙法从中筛选出5株对大枣病原菌及部分植物病原菌有拮抗作用的内生细菌。抑菌试验结果表明:筛选出的5株细菌对刺盘胞菌Colletotrichum gloeosporides、链格孢菌Alternaria alternata、尖孢镰刀菌Fusarium oxysporium、烟草赤星病菌Alternarial longipes、稻瘟病菌Pyricularia oryzae、人参立枯病菌Rhizoctonia solani、人参菌核病菌Sclerotinia schinseng和小麦根腐病菌Bipolaris sorokiniana均有一定的抑菌活性。对这5株内生细菌进行了形态特征观察和生理生化鉴定。  相似文献   
6.
本实验对临猗梨枣、壶瓶枣、晋矮1号等13个品种的枣胚的发育过程进行了观察,并诱导晋矮1号成熟胚的愈伤组织通过体细胞胚发生途径形成再生植株。结果表明:体细胞胚产生于愈伤组织的表层细胞或内部细胞。在鱼雷胚期已有导管的分化,子叶期的维管组织呈“Y”形。枣合子胚及体细胞胚的发育均经历了原胚、球形胚、心形胚、鱼雷胚和子叶胚五个时期。大多数品种的枣胚从球形胚期或心形胚期即开始败育,只有极少数品种可发育到成熟胚,而且合子胚形成的能力、胚败育时发育的程度等均存在着大的品种间差异,同一品种甚至同一子房内胚的发育进程也不同步。  相似文献   
7.
枣园节肢动物群落结构及其模糊聚类分析   总被引:9,自引:0,他引:9  
根据群落生态学原理,为了利用天敌资源开展枣园害虫的生物防治,明确主要害虫及其天敌发生的时间动态和数量动态,对枣园节肢动物进行了系统调查,共查到52种,分属47科.蜘蛛类的相对丰盛度最高,为0.3465,瘿蚊科的相对丰盛度为0.2309,二者在群落中所占比例较高.6月8日和9月21日是枣园节肢动物群落个体数量的两个峰值期.对不同时期的整个群落及各亚群落进行模糊聚类,确定阈值T=0.92,各次调查的整个群落分为4类:3月22日、4月6日和11月22日各自归为一类,其余归为一类;当阈值T=0.94时,不同时间的天敌亚群落聚为3类:3月22日、4月6日各自归为一类,其余归为一类;而非天敌亚群落聚为4类:3月22日、4月6日和6月8日各自归为一类,其余归为一类.聚类结果反映了群落特征的季节差异,聚类交替现象则反映了群落结构在较长时间内的复杂性.  相似文献   
8.
POD同工酶在酸枣、枣分类中的应用   总被引:7,自引:0,他引:7  
运用聚丙烯酰胺凝胶电泳(PAGE)技术,对来自不同产地的83个酸枣类型(品种),及36个枣品种的叶片过氧化物酶(POD)同工酶扫描数据,进行了主因子分析和聚类分析研究。结果表明,运用距离系统的类平均法(UPGMA)可将全部试材划分为六大类群和3个特殊型,且聚类结果与地理位置直接相关。此外,依同工酶带的有无,可将全部供试枣品种叶片POD同工酶合并为5种谱型,全部酸枣类型(品种)合并为22种谱型。大马  相似文献   
9.
Effects of three compound growth regulators formulated with hypersensitivity protein, spermidine, salicylic acid and DA-6 (diethyl aminoethanol hexanoate) were tested on Xinjiang Jun Jujube. The doses of compound growth regulators were named as A (Hypersensitivity protein + spermidine + salicylic acid at the rate of 30 mg/L, 0.1 mmol/L and 0.25 mmol/L, respectively), B (Hypersensitive protein + spermidine + DA-6 at the rate of 30 mg/L, 0.1 mmol/L and 30 mg/L, respectively) and C (Spermidine + salicylic acid + DA-6 at the rate of 0.1 mmol/L, 0.25 mmol/L and 30 mg/L, respectively) versus a control group CK (contained only water). Fruit anatomical structures were compared after spraying. The results indicated that after spraying, the thickness of the upper and lower epidermal cells and the stratum corneum were increased. However, the upper epidermal stratum corneum became significantly thicker than the lower epidermis. Spraying with A improved the thickness of upper and lower epidermal cells, stratum corneum, the central vein and mesophyll. The cumulative effects of all these changes in leaf and fruit anatomical structures provided the resistance of the experimental fruit plant to stress. While the B and C regulators had inhibitory effects. So, the results obtained after spraying A category were beneficial to improve the stress resistance of the fruits. The length and cell area of pericarp and sarcocarp cells in the treatment groups were not changed significantly. But the length, number of sarcocarp cells and number of gaps were lower than those in the CK. This study can provide new measures for improving plant resistance in jujube production.  相似文献   
10.
In this study, we found that oxalic acid (OA) at the concentrationof 5 mM could delay jujube fruit sene-scence by reducing ethyleneproduction, repressing fruit reddening and reducing alcoholcontent, which consequently increased fruit resistance againstblue mold caused by Penicillium expansum. In order to gain afurther understanding of the mechanism by which OA delays senescenceand increases disease resistance of jujube fruit, we used aproteomics approach to compare soluble proteome of jujube fruitstreated with water or 5 mM OA for 10 min. A total of 25 differentiallyexpressed proteins were identified by using electrospray ionizationquadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-Q-TOF-MS/MS).Among these proteins, alcohol dehydrogenase 1, which plays adirect role in ethanol metabolism, was repressed, and the abundancesof three photosynthesis-related proteins was enhanced in jujubefruit after OA treatment. The protein identified as a cystathionineβ-synthase domain-containing protein, which can regulateethylene precursors, was also induced by OA treatment. The activityof 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid synthase was significantlysuppressed in OA-treated jujube fruit. In addition, three proteinsrelated to the defense/stress response were up-regulated byOA, and contributed to the establishment of systemic resistanceinduced by OA in jujube fruits. These results indicated thatOA treatment might affect ethanol and ethylene metabolism, resultingin delaying senescence, and increase resistance of jujube fruitsagainst fungal pathogens.  相似文献   
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