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1.
下肢缺血性疾病是临床常见的严重危害中老年人健康的疾病之一。目前,临床针对下肢缺血性疾病的治疗方法多样,但远 期疗效欠佳,对于肢体严重缺血的患者往往需要进行截肢处理。脂肪干细胞(adipose-derived stemcells, ADSCs)作为再生医学用 于治疗下肢缺血的种子细胞具有广阔的应用前景。本文将对ADSCs 治疗下肢缺血的研究进展进行综述。  相似文献   
2.
Abstract: The turnover of a CNS-specific cell adhesion glycoprotein, ependymin, has earlier been found to increase during periods of neuronal plasticity. Here, ependymin mRNA expression was analyzed by semiquantitative in situ hybridization in goldfish. Learning of an active avoidance response resulted in a significant increase in ependymin mRNA expression 20 min to 4 h after acquisition of the task. In contrast, yoked control animals that were exposed to the same numbers of conditioned and unconditioned stimuli in a random, unpaired manner exhibited a strong down-regulation of ependymin mRNA. Hybridization signals were also increased by injection of anti-ependymin antiserum into brain ventricles. Ependymin mRNA was exclusively localized to reticular-shaped fibroblasts of the inner endomeningeal cell layer. Immunoelectron microscopic investigation, however, revealed ependymin also in distinct neuronal and glial cell populations in which no ependymin mRNA had been detected. Uptake of meningeal protein factors into glial and neuronal cells may therefore be of functional importance for plastic adaptations of the CNS.  相似文献   
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4.
A lead compound with the (1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl)-acrylamide scaffold was discovered to have significant cytotoxicity on several tumor cell lines in an in-house cell-based screening. A total of 60 derivative compounds were then synthesized and tested in a CCK-8 cell viability assay. Some of them exhibited improved cytotoxic activities. The most potent compounds had IC50 values of 1–5 μM on two acute leukemia tumor cell lines, i.e. RS4;11 and HL-60. Flow cytometry analysis of several active compounds and detection of caspase activation indicated that they induced caspase-dependent apoptosis. It was also encouraging to observe that these compounds did not have obvious cytotoxicity on normal cells, i.e. IC50 > 50 μM on HEK-293T cells. Although the molecular targets of this class of compound are yet to be revealed, our current results suggest that this class of compound represents a new possibility for developing drug candidates against acute leukemia.  相似文献   
5.
The development of preferentially selective cancer chemotherapeutics is a new trend in drug research. Thus, we designed and synthesized novel ternary complexes, [Cu(tryp)(Hnor)2(DMSO)]NO3 (1) and [Zn(tryp)(Hnor)2(DMSO)]NO3 (2) (tryp = DL-Tryptophane; Hnor = Norharmane, β-carboline; DMSO = Dimethyl sulfoxide), characterized with elemental analysis, FTIR, UV–vis, FL, NMR, ESI-MS, and molar conductivity. Furthermore, the TD-DFT studies with UV–vis and FTIR validated the proposed structures of 1 and 2. Moreover, we evaluated the HOMO-LUMO energy gap and found that 1 has a smaller energy gap than 2. Then, 1 and 2 were assessed for anticancer chemotherapeutic potential against cancer cell lines MCF7 (human breast cancer) and HepG2 (human liver hepatocellular carcinoma) as well as the non-tumorigenic HEK293 (human embryonic kidney) cells. The MTT assay illustrated the preferentially cytotoxic behavior of 1 when compared with that of 2 and cisplatin (standard drug) against MCF7 cells. Moreover, 1 was exposed to MCF7 cells, and the results indicated the arrest of the G2/M phases, which followed the apoptotic pathway predominantly. Generation of ROS, GSH depletion, and elevation in LPO validated the redox changes prompted by 1. These studies establish the great potential of 1 as a candidate for anticancer therapeutics.  相似文献   
6.
Structural maintenance of chromosome (SMC) proteins are key organizers of chromosome architecture and are essential for genome integrity. They act by binding to chromatin and connecting distinct parts of chromosomes together. Interestingly, their potential role in providing connections between chromatin and the mitotic spindle has not been explored. Here, we show that yeast SMC proteins bind directly to microtubules and can provide a functional link between microtubules and DNA. We mapped the microtubule-binding region of Smc5 and generated a mutant with impaired microtubule binding activity. This mutant is viable in yeast but exhibited a cold-specific conditional lethality associated with mitotic arrest, aberrant spindle structures, and chromosome segregation defects. In an in vitro reconstitution assay, this Smc5 mutant also showed a compromised ability to protect microtubules from cold-induced depolymerization. Collectively, these findings demonstrate that SMC proteins can bind to and stabilize microtubules and that SMC-microtubule interactions are essential to establish a robust system to maintain genome integrity.  相似文献   
7.
目的:研究RUNX1在PC12细胞氧糖剥夺模型中的表达及其对PC12细胞的保护作用,并探讨其相关机制。方法:体外培养PC12细胞并构建氧糖剥夺模型,将细胞分为对照组、氧糖剥夺组、RUNX1 si RNA处理组、si RNA对照处理组(sicontrol)、pc DNA3.1-RUNX1处理组(pc RUNX1)和pc DNA3.1对照处理组(pc DNA 3.1)。q RT-PCR和western blot检测RUNX1、磷酸化Akt(p-Akt)和总Akt(t-Akt)表达水平;MTT法检测细胞存活率;Annexin V-FITC/PI双染法检测细胞凋亡。结果:与对照组比较,RUNX1在PC12细胞氧糖剥夺模型中表达水平显著升高;沉默RUNX1可下调PC12细胞的存活率,促进细胞的凋亡,有效抑制p-Akt蛋白表达,而过表达RUNX1显著提高细胞存活率,抑制细胞凋亡,并上调p-Akt蛋白表达;此外,PI3K/Akt通路抑制剂LY294002明显抑制RUNX1过表达对细胞存活率的促进作用和对细胞凋亡的抑制作用。结论:RUNX1可通过PI3K/Akt信号通路保护OGD对PC12细胞的损伤作用。  相似文献   
8.
Attachment of traditional anticancer drugs to cell penetrating peptides is an effective strategy to improve their application in cancer treatment. In this study, we designed and synthesized the conjugates TAT-CPT and TAT-2CPT by attaching camptothecin (CPT) to the N-terminus of the cell penetrating peptide TAT. Interestingly, we found that TAT-CPT and especially TAT-2CPT could kill cancer cells via membrane disruption, which is similar to antimicrobial peptides. This might be because that CPT could perform as a hydrophobic residue to increase the extent of membrane insertion of TAT and the stability of the pores. In addition, TAT-CPT and TAT-2CPT could also kill cancer cells by the released CPT after they entered cells. Taken together, attachment of CPT could turn cell penetrating peptide TAT into an antimicrobial peptide with a dual mechanism of anticancer action, which presents a new strategy to develop anticancer peptides based on cell penetrating peptides.  相似文献   
9.
Oxidative stress is important for the initiation and progression of cancers, which confers the cells with a survival advantage by inducing oxidative adaption and drug resistance. Therefore, developing strategies to promote oxidative stress-induced cytotoxicity could be important for cancer therapy. Herein, we found that H2O2-mediated oxidative stress increases TRPV2 expression in human hepatoma (HepG2 and Huh-7) cells. This occurred at the mRNA and protein levels in a dose-dependent manner. The significance of TRPV2 in promoting H2O2-induced cell death was demonstrated in gain and loss of function studies with overexpression and knockdown of TRPV2, respectively. Mechanistically, H2O2-induced cell death involves inhibition of pro-survival signaling proteins (Akt, Nrf2) and activation of pro-death signaling proteins (p38, JNK1). Overexpression of TRPV2 in H2O2-treated hepatoma cells aggravates the inhibition of Akt and Nrf2, while it enhances the activation of p38 and JNK1 at the early stage of cell death. Interestingly, increased expression of TRPV2 in HepG2 cells improved the efficacy of stress-associated chemicals to induce cell death. Our findings suggest that TRPV2 acts as an important enhancer for H2O2-induced cytotoxicity. This process occurred by the inhibition of Akt and Nrf2 as well as the early activation of p38 and JNK1. These findings have important implications for inhibition of oxidative adaption and drug resistance.  相似文献   
10.
Secondary metastases are the leading cause of mortality in patients with breast cancer. Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2J2 (CYP2J2) is upregulated in many human tumors and generates epoxyeicosanoids from arachidonic acid that promote tumorigenesis and metastasis, but at present there is little information on the genes that mediate these actions. In this study MDA-MB-468 breast cancer cells were stably transfected with CYP2J2 (MDA-2J2 cells) and Affymetrix microarray profiling was undertaken. We identified 182 genes that were differentially expressed in MDA-2J2 cells relative to control (MDA-CTL) cells (log[fold of control] ≥2). From gene ontology pathway analysis bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) receptor 1B (BMPR1B) emerged as an important upregulated gene in MDA-2J2 cells. Addition of the BMPR1B ligand BMP2 stimulated the migration of MDA-2J2 cells, but not MDA-CTL cells, from 3D-matrigel droplets. Migration of MDA-2J2 cells was prevented by the BMPR antagonist dorsomorphin. These findings indicate that over-expression of CYP2J2 in MDA-MB-468-derived breast cancer cells activates BMPR1B expression that may contribute to increased migration. Targeting BMPR1B may be a novel approach to inhibit the metastatic activity of breast cancers that contain high levels of CYP2J2.  相似文献   
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