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1.
The plasmodial slime molds is the largest group in the phylum Amoebozoa. Its life cycle includes the plasmodial trophic stage and the spore‐bearing fruiting bodies. However, only a few species have their complete life cycle known in details so far. This study is the first reporting the morphogenesis of Didymium laxifilum and Physarum album. Spores, from field‐collected sporangia, were incubated into hanging drop cultures for viewing germination and axenic oat agar plates for viewing plasmodial development and sporulation. The spores of D. laxifilum and P. album germinated by method of V‐shape split and minute pore, respectively. The amoeboflagellates, released from spores, were observed in water film. The phaneroplasmodia of two species developed into a number of sporangia by subhypothallic type on oat agar culture. The main interspecific difference of morphogenesis was also discussed.  相似文献   
2.
下肢缺血性疾病是临床常见的严重危害中老年人健康的疾病之一。目前,临床针对下肢缺血性疾病的治疗方法多样,但远 期疗效欠佳,对于肢体严重缺血的患者往往需要进行截肢处理。脂肪干细胞(adipose-derived stemcells, ADSCs)作为再生医学用 于治疗下肢缺血的种子细胞具有广阔的应用前景。本文将对ADSCs 治疗下肢缺血的研究进展进行综述。  相似文献   
3.
Degeneration of mesencephalic dopaminergic (mesDA) neurons is the pathological hallmark of Parkinson’s diseae. Study of the biological processes involved in physiological functions and vulnerability and death of these neurons is imparative to understanding the underlying causes and unraveling the cure for this common neurodegenerative disorder. Primary cultures of mesDA neurons provide a tool for investigation of the molecular, biochemical and electrophysiological properties, in order to understand the development, long-term survival and degeneration of these neurons during the course of disease. Here we present a detailed method for the isolation, culturing and maintenance of midbrain dopaminergic neurons from E12.5 mouse (or E14.5 rat) embryos. Optimized cell culture conditions in this protocol result in presence of axonal and dendritic projections, synaptic connections and other neuronal morphological properties, which make the cultures suitable for study of the physiological, cell biological and molecular characteristics of this neuronal population.  相似文献   
4.
Abstract: The turnover of a CNS-specific cell adhesion glycoprotein, ependymin, has earlier been found to increase during periods of neuronal plasticity. Here, ependymin mRNA expression was analyzed by semiquantitative in situ hybridization in goldfish. Learning of an active avoidance response resulted in a significant increase in ependymin mRNA expression 20 min to 4 h after acquisition of the task. In contrast, yoked control animals that were exposed to the same numbers of conditioned and unconditioned stimuli in a random, unpaired manner exhibited a strong down-regulation of ependymin mRNA. Hybridization signals were also increased by injection of anti-ependymin antiserum into brain ventricles. Ependymin mRNA was exclusively localized to reticular-shaped fibroblasts of the inner endomeningeal cell layer. Immunoelectron microscopic investigation, however, revealed ependymin also in distinct neuronal and glial cell populations in which no ependymin mRNA had been detected. Uptake of meningeal protein factors into glial and neuronal cells may therefore be of functional importance for plastic adaptations of the CNS.  相似文献   
5.
6.
Borrelia duttonii strain 406 K, a causative agent of relapsing fever, could not be cultivated in vitro in currently available media for borreliae. We have developed an in vitro cultivation system by using SflEp cell cultures. The average increases of the number of borreliae, when inoculated with 1.0 × 105 organisms per ml from infected mice, were 23-fold and 150-fold in the primary culture and the 3rd subculture, respectively. Even a single borrelia could propagate in this cultivation system. This system will be useful for immunological and physiological studies on uncultivable Borrelia strains.  相似文献   
7.
Pollen of Iochroma warscewiczii Regel (Solanaceae) produced embryogenic calli or embryos inside anthers cultured on Nitsch & Nitsch medium. Two distinct pathways could be recognized in this process, one involving mainly the vegetative cell, and the second starting with two equal cells in the pollen grains.In all media tested, androgenesis initiation was highest when anthers contained pollen at the first mitosis, or close to it, at inoculation. High sucrose (7%) and calcium (11.3 mM) concentrations were found to be highly desirable for the induction of androgenesis in this species. Addition of benzylaminopurine (0.5 mg l–1) to the culture medium seems to slightly improve callus or embryo production. When all three factors were present at optimal concentrations as much as 13.9% of inoculated anthers were found to be embryogenic.Plantlet development from pollen embryos required lower sucrose (3%) and a combination of 0.1 mg l–1 benzylaminopurine and 0.5 mg l–1 gibberellic acid in the culture medium. Cytological analysis of 55 regenerated plantlets showed that about 49% were haploids, but diploid (ca. 49%) and triploid (ca. 2%) plants were also obtained.  相似文献   
8.
Treatment of Nicotiana glutinosa L. cell suspension cultures with chitosan results in the co-induction of phenylalanine ammonia lyase, 4-eoumarate:CoA ligase, tyrosine decarboxylase and tyramine hydroxycinnamoyltransferase, all involved in the biosynthesis of hydroxycinnamoyltyramines. The highest enzyme activities were observed around 12 h after addition of 0.8 to 1 mg chitosan per g fresh weight of cells. No hydroxycinnamoyltyramines could be detected by TLC or HPLC of extracts made from non-treated or elicited cells. [14C]-Tyramine was incorporated into insoluble polymeric material at a higher rate in elicitor-treated than in non-treated cells of N. glutinosa. Tyramine hydroxycinnamoyltransferase could be induced in suspension cultured cells of Eschscholtzia califortnca Cham, but not in cells of Phaseolus vulgaris L. or Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don by addition of a yeast elicitor to the growth medium.  相似文献   
9.
Solute compartmentation in cells is an important component of metabolic regulation. There is only little information on how stress treatment of cells effects this component. Therefore, the effect of water stress [10% (w/v) PEG 6000] on the vacuolar-extravacuolar proline compartmentation was studied in a cell suspension culture of Svlanum tuberosum L, cv, HH258, In non-stressed cells 34% of the total cellular proline was located in the vacuole. After 20 h of water stress the proline pool of the cells was increased 4-6 fold and only t6% of it was found in the vacuole. A negative correlation between the total cellular proline content and its percentage in the vacuole was observed, irrespective of the culture method (stress or non-stress culture). The stress-induced changes in proline compartmentation are discussed.  相似文献   
10.
A lead compound with the (1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl)-acrylamide scaffold was discovered to have significant cytotoxicity on several tumor cell lines in an in-house cell-based screening. A total of 60 derivative compounds were then synthesized and tested in a CCK-8 cell viability assay. Some of them exhibited improved cytotoxic activities. The most potent compounds had IC50 values of 1–5 μM on two acute leukemia tumor cell lines, i.e. RS4;11 and HL-60. Flow cytometry analysis of several active compounds and detection of caspase activation indicated that they induced caspase-dependent apoptosis. It was also encouraging to observe that these compounds did not have obvious cytotoxicity on normal cells, i.e. IC50 > 50 μM on HEK-293T cells. Although the molecular targets of this class of compound are yet to be revealed, our current results suggest that this class of compound represents a new possibility for developing drug candidates against acute leukemia.  相似文献   
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