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We have identified mouse and human FKBP60, a new member of the FKBP gene family. FKBP60 shares strongest homology with FKBP65 and SMAP. FKBP60 contains a hydrophobic signal peptide at the N-terminus, 4 peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerase (PPIase) domains and an endoplasmic reticulum retention motif (HDEL) at the C-terminus. Immunodetection of HA-tagged FKBP60 in NIH-3T3 cells suggests that FKBP60 is segregated to the endoplasmic reticulum. Northern blot analysis shows that FKBP60 is predominantly expressed in heart, skeletal muscle, lung, liver and kidney. With N-succinyl-Ala-Ala-Pro-Phe-p-nitroanilide as a substrate, recombinant GST-FKBP60 is shown to accelerate effectively the isomerization of the peptidyl-prolyl bond. This isomerization activity is inhibited by FK506. mFKBP60 binds Ca2+ in vitro, presumably by its C-terminal EF-hand Ca2+ binding motif, and is phosphorylated in vivo. hFKBP60 has been mapped to 7p12 and/or 7p14 by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).  相似文献   
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A patient with chronic anemia is presented who radiologically showed prominent rugae of the stomach. Angiography demonstrated an arteriovenous malformation with a large feeding artery and prominent draining veins.  相似文献   
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Essential genes were identified in the 1.5-map unit dpy-5 unc-13 region of chromosome I in the Caenorhabditis elegans genome by rescuing lethal mutations using the duplication sDp2. In this paper, we report the mapping and complementation testing of lethal mutations, 45 of which identify 18 new, essential genes. This analysis brings the number of essential genes defined by the sDp2 rescue of lethal mutants to 97; 64 of these map between dpy-5 and unc-13. 61% of these essential genes are identified by more than one allele. Positioning of the mutations was done using the breakpoints of six duplications. The mutant phenotypes of 14 loci essential for fertility were characterized by Nomarski microscopy and DAPI staining. None of the mutants were rescued by wild-type male sperm. The cytological data showed that four genes produced mutants with defects in gonadogenesis, let-395, let-603, let-605 and let-610. Mutations in seven genes, let-355, let-367, let-384, let-513, let-544, let-545 and let-606, affected germ cell proliferation or gametogenesis. Mutants for the remaining three genes, let-370, let-599 and let-604, produced eggs that failed to develop or hatch, thereby acting as maternal effect lethals. We observed a nonrandom distribution of arrest phenotypes with regard to map position. Received: 8 May 1996 / Accepted : 27 January 1997  相似文献   
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An in vitro photoautotrophic step based on the supply of CO2-enriched air (1,600 μmol mol?1) during the light phase and ambient air (350 μmol mol?1 CO2) during the dark phase has been used to promote the ex vitro establishment of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) seedlings. The introduction of this step into a previously developed in vitro protocol was found to improve the quality of the seedlings (as assessed by fresh weight increase, physical stature, leaf area and thickness, stomatal density, and chlorophyll a content, and primary and secondary root production), the proportion of seedlings successfully transferred to soil (improvement from 40% to 100%) and achieved in a shorter time (reduction from 10 to 6 mo). Best results using this photoautotrophic growth step were obtained when a low medium concentration of sucrose (43.8 mM or lower) was used, when it was applied to seedlings that had already reached 4 or 5 mo of age in the in vitro culture step, and when seedlings were cultured in the photoautotrophic system for 2 mo or more before transfer to soil. Our improved protocol is more efficient and it reduces the cost per plant for the international exchange of coconut germplasm.  相似文献   
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Two invasive, container‐breeding mosquito species, Aedes aegypti (Stegomyia aegypti) and Aedes albopictus (Stegomyia albopicta) (Diptera: Culicidae), have different distribution patterns on Reunion Island. Aedes albopictus occurs in all areas and Ae. aegypti colonizes only some restricted areas already occupied by Ae. albopictus. This study investigates the abiotic and biotic ecological mechanisms that determine the distribution of Aedes species on Reunion Island. Life history traits (duration of immature stages, survivorship, fecundity, estimated finite rate of increase) in Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus were compared at different temperatures. These fitness measures were characterized in both species in response to competitive interactions among larvae. Aedes aegypti was drastically affected by temperature, performing well only at around 25 °C, at which it achieved its highest survivorship and greatest estimated rate of increase. The narrow distribution of this species in the field on Reunion Island may thus relate to its poor ability to cope with unfavourable temperatures. Aedes aegypti was also more negatively affected by high population densities and to some extent by interactions with Ae. albopictus, particularly in the context of limited food supplies. Aedes albopictus exhibited better population performance across a range of environmental conditions. Its ecological plasticity and its superior competitive ability relative to its congener may further enhance its invasion success on Reunion Island.  相似文献   
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