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1.
Desulfurization of model and diesel oils by resting cells of Gordona sp.   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
The desulfurization activity of the resting cells of Gordona sp. CYKS1 was strongly depended on harvest time and the highest value when the cells had been harvested in the early growth phase (0.12 mg sulfur g–1 cell–1 h–1). For the model oil, hexadecane containing dibenzothiophene, the specific desulfurization rate decreased as the reaction proceeded. Both the specific and the volumetric desulfurization rates were not significantly affected by the aqueous-to-oil phase ratio. The diesel oils, light gas oil and a middle distillate unit feed were desulfurized at higher rates (ca. 0.34 mg sulfur g–1 cell–1 h–1) than the model oil (0.12 mg sulfur g–1 cell–1 h–1).  相似文献   
2.
Biochemical properties of the muscarinic acetylcholine receptor system of the avian retina were found to change during the period when synapses form in ovo. Comparison of ligand binding to membranes obtained before and after synaptogenesis showed a significant increase in the affinity, but not proportion, of the high affinity agonist-binding state. There was no change in receptor sensitivity to antagonists during this period. Pirenzepine binding, which can discriminate muscarinic receptor subtypes, showed the presence of a single population of low affinity sites (M2) before and after synaptogenesis. The change in agonist binding was not due to the late development of receptor function; tests for receptor-stimulated phosphatidylinositol turnover and for modulation of agonist binding by guanylylimidodiphosphate showed functional coupling to be present several days prior to the onset of synapse formation. However, detergent-solubilization of membranes eliminated differences in agonist binding between receptors from embryos and hatched chicks, suggesting a developmental change in interactions of the receptor with functionally related membrane components. A possible basis for altered interactions was obtained from isoelectric point data showing that the muscarinic receptor population underwent a transition from a predominantly low pI form (4.25) in 13 day embryos to a predominantly high pI form (4.50) in newly hatched chicks. The possibility that biochemical changes in the muscarinic receptor play a role in differentiation of the system by controlling receptor position on the surface of nerve cells is discussed.  相似文献   
3.
Abstract— The amount of α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) in the entire hypothalamus as well as the amount of α-MSH in free granule and synaptosome fractions of hypothalamic homogenates was investigated throughout the lifespan of female rats (1-24 months). A 900 g supernatant fluid was prepared from hypothalami following homogenization in an iso-osmotic sucrose solution, and free granules and synaptosomes containing α-MSH were fractionated by means of continuous sucrose density gradient centrifugation. α-MSH was quantified by radioimmunoassay. The total amount of α-MSH in the hypothalamus, as well as the amount in free granules and synaptosomes prepared from hypothalami increased progressively from the 1st to the 5th month of life, and this increase was more pronounced in the free granules than in the synaptosomes. On the other hand, the amount of α-MSH in the hypothalamus and the amount present in free granules and synaptosomes prepared from 5-24-month-old animals decreased with age, and this decrease appeared to proceed at similar rates in both subcellular compartments. Based on these results, it is suggested that ageing of α-MSH neurons in the hypothalamus is accompanied by a degeneration of the axons and/or an alteration in the biosynthetic and degradative activities of the neuron.  相似文献   
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Rapid and reproducible method is described here for the purification of the 43 kDa fimbrial protein from P. gingivalis by preferential fractionation in the presence of 1% SDS and 0.2M of a bivalent cation at pH 6.5. Homogeneity of the purified 43 kDa was confirmed by SDS-PAGE and Western blot analysis using monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies raised against this protein. Amino acid composition and the amino acid sequence of the first 30 amino acid residues of the purified fimbriae are consistent with the composition and sequence predicted from the cloned gene of the fimbrial subunit. Circular dichroism spectra shows high levels of beta-sheet structure. The purified 43 kDa polymer shows fimbriae-like morphology under the electron microscope. Ultrastructural localization of the 43 kDa protein by the immunogold technique revealed specific labeling of the fimbriae with a diameter of approximately 3.5 to 5.0 nm. Localization of this protein suggest that the 43 kDa component is a fimbrial subunit.  相似文献   
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1. The zinc and copper concentration of plasma was determined in rainbow trout, lake trout, walleye and whitefish. 2. These fish had mean plasma zinc concentrations ranging from 9.3 to 15.1 ppm and copper concentrations from 0.6 to 1.3 ppm. 3. In rainbow trout, the concentration of zinc and copper is greater in the erythrocyte membrane than in the total erythrocyte. 4. Ultrafilterable plasma zinc and copper concentration in rainbow trout was determined to be 0.03 and 0.019 ppm, respectively. 5. Dialysis of rainbow trout plasma against 20 mM EDTA results in removal of 99% of the zinc and 88% of the copper from plasma proteins.  相似文献   
9.
T Yoshida  F Cho  N Goto 《Jikken dobutsu》1987,36(3):245-251
The data on hematological and serum biochemical properties of laboratory-bred cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) at different ages were analyzed by discriminant analysis. All the animals had been bred and reared under uniform environmental conditions at Tsukuba Primate Center for Medical Science, N.I.H., Japan. The items used were as follows: red blood cell count (RBC), hematocrit value (Ht), hemoglobin concentration (Hb), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), white blood cell count (WBC), glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase activity (GOT), glutamic pyruvic transaminase activity (GPT), total protein concentration (TP), albumin concentration (ALB), albumin-globulin ratio (A/G), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), glucose concentration (GLU), total cholesterol concentration (TCHO), free cholesterol concentration (FCHO), triglyceride concentration (TG) and alkaline phosphatase activity (ALP). In total, 1086 animals in 10 age groups were examined. Data analyses were done with respect to the difference of sex. Discrimination was possible by Mahalanobis' generalized distance between centroids of groups. In canonical discriminant analysis (discriminant analysis with reduction of dimensionality), age was highly correlated to the value of the first canonical variate. From the approximate relative value of the eigenvector of the first canonical variate, the most discriminant variables are WBC, TP, ALB, A/G, TCHO, FCHO, TG, and ALP. It can be concluded that periodic measurement of these 8 parameters is necessary and sufficient to monitor the physiological conditions of growing monkeys.  相似文献   
10.
This study was undertaken in order to demonstrate the extent to which the activity of the plasmalemma H+-ATPase compensates for the charge and acidity flow caused by the sugar-proton symport in cells of chlorella vulgaris Beij.. Detailed analysis of H+ and K+ fluxes from and into the medium together with measurements of respiration, cytoplasmic pH, and cellular ATP-levels indicate three consecutive phases after the onset of H+ symport. Phase 1 occurred immediately after addition of sugar, with an uptake of H+ by the hexoseproton symport and charge compensation by K+ loss from the cells and, to a smaller degree, by loss of another ion, probably a divalent cation. This phase coincided with strong membrane depolarization. Phase 2 started approximately 5 s after addition of sugar, when the acceleration of the H+-ATPase caused a slow-down of the K+ efflux, a decrease in the cellular ATP level and an increase in respiration. The increased respiration was most probably responsible for a pronounced net acidification of the medium. This phase was inhibited in deuterium oxide. In phase 3, finally, a slow rate of net H+ uptake and K+ loss was established for several further minutes, together with a slight depolarization of the membrane. There was hardly any pH change in the cytoplasm, because the cytoplasmic buffering capacity was high enough to stabilize the pH for several minutes despite the net H+ fluxes. The quantitative participation of the several phases of H+ and K+ flow depended on the pH of the medium, the ambient Ca2+ concentration, and the metabolic fate of the transported sugar. The results indicate that the activity of the H+-ATPase never fully compensated for H+ uptake by the sugar-symport system, because at least 10% of symport-caused charge inflow was compensated for by K+ efflux. The restoration of pH in the cytoplasm and in the medium was probably achieved by metabolic reactions connected to increased glycolysis and respiration.Abbreviations DMO dimethyloxazolidinedione - EDTA ethylcnediaminetetraacetic acid - p.c. packed cell volume  相似文献   
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