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人免疫球蛋白中肠道病毒71型中和抗体效价的测定   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
采用经典微量细胞病变法,应用近两年分离自中国手足口病(HFMD)高发区的3株肠道病毒71型(EV71)病毒株,对中国不同血液制品厂家生产的35批人免疫球蛋白制品进行抗-EV71中和效价检测。结果显示,3株不同EV71病毒株间的抗-EV71中和效价差异均在4倍以内,差异无显著的统计学意义(F=2.323,P>0.05)。根据这3株毒株检测结果判定,35批人免疫球蛋白的抗-EV71均为阳性,肌肉注射用免疫球蛋白(简称肌丙)的抗-EV71-GMTs(525.9)显著高于静脉注射用免疫球蛋白(简称静丙)的GMTs(252.3,F=66.518,P<0.01)。30批静丙的抗-EV71-GMTs中和效价分布在128.0~384.0之间。应开展原料血浆中抗-EV71中和效价的筛选,研制高效价的EV71特异性免疫球蛋白制品,用于HFMD的治疗和预防。  相似文献
2.
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is a major causative agent for hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD), and fatal neurological and systemic complications in children. However, there is currently no clinical approved antiviral drug available for the prevention and treatment of the viral infection. Here, we evaluated the antiviral activities of two Ganoderma lucidum triterpenoids (GLTs), Lanosta-7,9(11),24-trien-3-one,15;26-dihydroxy (GLTA) and Ganoderic acid Y (GLTB), against EV71 infection. The results showed that the two natural compounds display significant anti-EV71 activities without cytotoxicity in human rhabdomyosarcoma (RD) cells as evaluated by 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) cell proliferation assay. The mechanisms by which the two compounds affect EV71 infection were further elucidated by three action modes using Ribavirin, a common antiviral drug, as a positive control. The results suggested that GLTA and GLTB prevent EV71 infection through interacting with the viral particle to block the adsorption of virus to the cells. In addition, the interactions between EV71 virion and the compounds were predicated by computer molecular docking, which illustrated that GLTA and GLTB may bind to the viral capsid protein at a hydrophobic pocket (F site), and thus may block uncoating of EV71. Moreover, we demonstrated that GLTA and GLTB significantly inhibit the replication of the viral RNA (vRNA) of EV71 replication through blocking EV71 uncoating. Thus, GLTA and GLTB may represent two potential therapeutic agents to control and treat EV71 infection.  相似文献
3.
Coxsackievirus A16 (CVA16), together with enterovirus type 71 (EV71), is responsible for most cases of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) worldwide. Recent findings suggest that the recombination between CVA16 and EV71, and the co-circulation of these two viruses may have contributed to the increase of HFMD cases in China over the past few years. It is therefore important to further understand the virology, epidemiology, virus-host interactions and host pathogenesis of CVA16. In this study, we describe the viral kinetics of CVA16 in human rhabdomyosarcoma (RD) cells by analyzing the cytopathic effect (CPE), viral RNA replication, viral protein expression, viral RNA package and viral particle secretion in RD cells. We show that CVA16 appears to first attach, uncoat and enter into the host cell after adsorption for 1 h. Later on, CVA16 undergoes rapid replication from 3 to 6 h at MOI 1 and until 9 h at MOI 0.1. At MOI 0.1, CVA16 initiates a secondary infection as the virions were secreted before 9 h p.i. CPE was observed after 12 h p.i., and viral antigen was first detected at 6 h p.i. at MOI 1 and at 9 h p.i. at MOI 0.1. Thus, our study provides important information for further investigation of CVA16 in order to better understand and ultimately control infections with this virus.  相似文献
4.
目的了解濮阳市手足口病流行病学特征,为制定防控策略提供科学依据。方法通过国家疾病监测信息管理系统收集的全市2008—2012年6月6日手足口病疫情资料进行描述和分析,并对部分病例和重症病例标本进行肠道病毒病原学检测。结果全市共报手足口病16 492例,发病高峰是每年的3-5月(第12~20周),呈典型的单峰型曲线;发病年龄以0~4岁居多;男性多于女性;散居儿童多于托幼机构儿童,爆发病例多发生在托幼机构,手足口病病原有EV71、CoxA16和其他肠道病毒,以EV71和CoxA16为主。结论手足口病发病有明显的季节性、年龄和性别差异,小年龄组儿童是手足口病预防控制重点人群,流行年度和流行季节的优势毒株为EV71,重症患者中EV71占到86.35%;非流行年和季节手足病例主要由CoxA16和其他肠道病毒引起。手足口病防控重点应体现在对病例分类管理上,同时应继续加强重症病例疫情监测和爆发控制。  相似文献
5.
The comparative analysis of the biological characterization and the genetic background study of EV71 circulating strains is commonly recognized as basic work necessary for development of an effective EV71 vaccine. In this study, we sequenced five EV71 circulating strains, isolated from Fuyang, Hefei, Kunming and Shenzhen city of China and named them FY-23, FY-22, H44, K9 and S1 respectively. The sequence alignment demonstrated their genotypes be C4. The genetic distance of the VP1 gene from these isolates s...  相似文献
6.
The comparative analysis of the biological characterization and the genetic background study of EV71 circulating strains is commonly recognized as basic work necessary for development of an effective EV71 vaccine. In this study, we sequenced five EV71 circulating strains, isolated from Fuyang, Hefei, Kunming and Shenzhen city of China and named them FY-23, FY-22, H44, K9 and S1 respectively. The sequence alignment demonstrated their genotypes be C4. The genetic distance of the VP1 gene from these isolates suggested that they were highly co-related with genetic identity similar to other previously reported EV71 strains in China. Additionally, these strains were identified to display some obvious proliferation dynamics and plaque morphology when propagated in Vero cells. However, a distinctive difference in pathogenic ability in neonatal mice was found. Some differences in cross neutralization test &; immunogenic analysis were also found. All these results are related to the biological characterization of circulating EV71 strains in China and aid in the development of an EV71 vaccine in the future.  相似文献
7.
手足口病是由多种肠道病毒感染导致的一种急性儿科传染病。近年来,我国肠道病毒71型 (EV71) 手足口病发病率急剧上升,重症病例时有报道,严重威胁儿童健康。临床上对于重症手足口病的治疗缺乏有效手段,主要以对症治疗和支持疗法为主。静脉注射人免疫球蛋白由健康献血员血浆提取纯化而来,含有包括EV71在内的多种肠道病毒的中和抗体,可作为重症手足口病被动免疫和免疫调节的重要手段,值得关注。  相似文献
8.
建立一种以EV71 3C蛋白酶为靶标的抗肠病毒药物筛选模型,并应用于小分子化合物库筛选具有抗EV71活性的化合物.从临床手足口病例标本中分离肠道病毒进行PCR鉴定及基因组测序.通过插入突变在黄色荧光YFP编码框合适位点处引入EV71 3C酶切位点,构建对3C蛋白酶敏感的报告质粒pcDNA3-mYFP,然后将其与表达3C的质粒共转293A细胞,在3C抑制剂Rupintrivir存在与否的情况下通过荧光显微镜和酶标仪检测Ex(500nm)/Em(535nm)荧光信号的变化,判断建模是否成功;利用建好的筛选模型在高通量药物筛选平台对小分子化合物库进行初筛和复筛;再利用空斑分析检测筛选出的活性化合物是否对临床分离的EV71毒株具有抑制作用.mYFP在293A细胞中表达良好,3C的表达使荧光信号下降80%,Rupintrivir的存在则几乎不影响荧光表达,说明以3C为靶位的筛选模型构建成功.经过高通量初筛和复筛从26 000多种小分子化合物中获得26种能够显著回复mYFP表达的活性化合物;空斑分析显示其中2种化合物具有较为明显的抑制EV71复制的活性.因此,我们所构建的3C-mYFP共表达系统是一种简便有效的、可用于高通量筛选抗EV71 3Cpro药物的筛选模型.  相似文献
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