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A simple and efficient procedure for the fluorescent labeling of saccharides is a prerequisite step for imaging the transport of polysaccharides in living cells. We report a one-pot strategy for the fluorescent labeling of saccharides with fluorescein-5-thiosemicarbazide (FTSC), which introduces the thiosemicarbazide group of FTSC to the aldehyde group at the reducing end of saccharides to form stable amino derivatives via reductive amination. The Glc-FTSC derivative was characterized by HPLC–MS, HRESIMS and NMR spectroscopy. Saccharides were quantitatively labeled with FTSC at 75 °C for 1 h under optimum reaction conditions. Fluorescence studies illustrated that the conjugation of FTSC to saccharides did not change its florescence properties (λex = 495 nm, λem = 517 nm), presenting desirable compatibility with commonly used fluorescence equipment. Polysaccharide AAG-FTSC derivatives exhibited rather low levels of cytotoxicity against rat thymus cells, and the fluorescent labeling procedure had slight impact on their anti-tumor activity. Results indicate that the assay neither introduces discernible cytotoxicity against living cells nor obviously alters the functional activities of polysaccharides, and provides a convenient, highly efficient fluorescent labeling approach for imaging the transport of polysaccharides in living cells.  相似文献
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目前尚无有效可靠的抗应激药物.传统的补益中药六味地黄汤(LW)对多种类型应激所致内分泌和免疫平衡失调具有明显调节作用,但目前已上市的LW成药缺乏可靠的质量控制方法,其临床疗效的可靠程度难以估测.本课题组在前期研究中以免疫和内分泌活性评价为导向,从LW中追踪分离并组成了质量可控且安全性好的六味地黄苷糖(LW-AFC).本文观察了悬吊应激雌性小鼠生殖内分泌及免疫系统的变化及LW-AFC的影响.结果表明,悬吊应激小鼠皮质酮升高,动情期缩短、动情间期延长,垂体LH下降,动情间期血清E2升高;脾细胞培养上清IgG含量明显降低;口服LW-AFC能显著降低血清皮质酮,升高垂体LH,且LW-AFC能明显降低动情间期血清E2,并能明显增强脾细胞IgG分泌能力.这提示,悬吊应激可导致雌性小鼠生殖内分泌功能紊乱以及免疫功能下降,口服LW-AFC具有明显调节作用,对应激所致生殖内分泌功能紊乱以及免疫功能下降具有潜在防治作用.  相似文献
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neurexin家族属于神经细胞表面蛋白,参与细胞识别和细胞黏附,可能介导细胞信号转导。最近研究表明,neurexins在突触发生和突触传递等过程中发挥重要作用,并可能影响学习记忆功能。这些研究进展对于进一步揭示neurexins在神经突触可塑性及其在学习记忆过程中的可能作用具有重要意义。本文主要对neurexin家族的研究概况、NRXN1在突触发生和突触传递中的功能及其在学习记忆功能中的可能作用进行简要综述。  相似文献
4.
In this work, metabonomic methods utilizing (1)H NMR spectroscopy and multivariate statistical technique have been applied to investigate the metabolic profiles of SAM. The serum metabolome of senescence-prone 8 (SAMP8), a murine model of age-related learning and memory deficits and Alzheimer's disease (AD), was compared with that of control, senescence-resistant 1 (SAMR1), which shows normal aging process. Serum samples were collected for study from both male and female 12-month-old SAMP8 and age matched SAMR1 ( n = 5). (1)H NMR spectra of serum were analyzed by pattern recognition using principal components analysis. The results showed that the serum metabolic patterns of SAMP8 and SAMR1 were significantly different due to strains and genders. Subtle differences in the endogenous metabolite profiles in serum between SAMP8 and SAMR1 were observed. The most important metabolite responsible for the strain separation was lack of inosine, which meant the protective function of anti-inflammation, immunomodulation and neuroprotection might be attenuated in SAMP8. Other differential metabolites observed between strains included decreased glucose, PUFA, choline, phosphocholine, HDL, LDL, D-3-hydoxybutyrate, citrate and pyruvate and increased lactate, SFA, alanine, methionine, glutamine and VLDL in serum of SAMP8 compared with those of SAMR1, suggesting perturbed glucose and lipid metabolisms in SAMP8. Besides the differences observed between the strains, an impact of gender on metabolism was also found. The females exhibited larger metabolic deviations than males and these gender differences in SAMP8 were much larger than in SAMR1. Higher levels of VLDL, lactate and amino acids and lower levels of HDL, LDL and unsaturated lipids were detected in female than in male SAMP8. These facts indicated that the metabolism disequilibrium in female and male SAMP8 was different and this may partly explain that females were more prone to AD than males. The results of this work may provide valuable clues to the understanding of the mechanisms of the senile impairment and the pathological changes of AD, as well as show the potential power of the combination of the NMR technique and the pattern recognition method for the analysis of the biochemical changes of certain pathophysiologic conditions.  相似文献
5.
Chi X  Zhou W  Cheng J  Zhang Y  Liu K 《Regulatory peptides》2006,136(1-3):122-129
LXT-101 is a newly developed GnRH (gonadotropin-releasing hormone) analogue. In this study, the in vivo pharmacological profile in intact male rats and binding characters of LXT-101 were illustrated, and regulation of mRNA of hormone receptors related to the pituitary-gonadal axis during and after administration was observed to reveal its molecular mechanism of potent effect and reversibility. After single subcutaneous injections, LXT-101 produced a dose- and time-dependent suppression of serum testosterone level. Multiple administrations and osmotic pump implantation revealed that the time of onset and dose needed to maintain the effect of chemical castration decreased as the frequency of injection increased and gave direct proof that depot formulation could significantly improve the duration of antagonist delivery and pharmacological activities compared to the injectable formulation. And LXT-101 showed excellent character of regulating the pituitary-gonadal axis quickly and reversibly. Competitive binding assay showed that LXT-101 could specifically bind a pituitary GnRH receptor with high affinity. These results indicated that LXT-101 is fit for sustained-release formulation and it might possibly be developed as an ideal candidate for treating sex hormone-sensitive tumors and other disorders.  相似文献
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