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【目的】在专一性PCR和变性梯度胶电泳(DGGE)的协助下,从废水处理装置的微生物群落中分离较难分离的功能菌Thauera。【方法和结果】本研究首先使用Thauera特异性PCR-DGGE的方法鉴定了焦化废水处理装置反硝化池生物膜中的Thauera在6种培养基、好氧/厌氧条件下的生长情况。挑选Thauera多样性较高的培养基1/10 NB与MMQ在好氧条件下进行分离培养。然后使用Thauera特异性PCR方法确定分离得到的菌落是否呈阳性,并使用DGGE的方法检验其是否为纯菌。使用不同培养基对含有Thauera的混合菌落进行进一步纯化,DGGE检测发现MMP培养基对混合细菌菌落Q20中的Thauera有明显的富集作用。经过Thauera特异性PCR结合DGGE检测对Thauera属细菌进行追踪,将混合菌落在MMP培养基上多次划线,最终分离得到纯菌。通过这种方法,从反硝化池样品中分离获得了3株在样品中最为主要的Thauera菌株。【结论】以特异性分子标记为导向分离培养细菌,不仅提高了分离效率及细菌筛选的灵敏度,还能协助分离常规方法难以分离的细菌。  相似文献
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Bacteria of the Thauera genus have been described as important aromatic compound degraders and have attracted increased attention. In this study, three Thauera strains (Q4, Q20-C, and 3–35) were isolated from a coking wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) with a high abundance of Thauera. The 16S rRNA, nitrite reductase, and phenol hydroxylase (LmPH) genes and pollutant-degrading capacity of these strains were characterized and compared. Their 16S rRNA gene sequences were identical, but the genomic structures differed, as demonstrated by distinct enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus sequence PCR profiles with a similarity of less than 0.65. The analysis of degradation of coking wastewater by these strains showed that most of the main organic pollutants—phenol, methylphenol, and indole, but not quinoline—were degraded under aerobic conditions. These strains contained different LmPHs genes and showed different phenol degradation rates (Q4 > 3–35 > Q20-C). The presence of a microdiversity of Thauera spp. implies the existence of various finely differentiated niches in the industrial WWTP. The capacity of the Thauera strains to degrade a wide spectrum of aromatic compounds suggests their potential in bioremediation applications targeting aromatic pollutant-containing wastewater.  相似文献
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