首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   52篇
  完全免费   18篇
  2020年   2篇
  2017年   5篇
  2016年   2篇
  2015年   3篇
  2014年   7篇
  2013年   4篇
  2012年   9篇
  2011年   6篇
  2010年   5篇
  2009年   4篇
  2008年   6篇
  2007年   4篇
  2006年   2篇
  2005年   1篇
  2004年   2篇
  2003年   2篇
  1999年   1篇
  1998年   2篇
  1994年   1篇
  1992年   1篇
  1989年   1篇
排序方式: 共有70条查询结果,搜索用时 46 毫秒
1.
2.
【目的】在专一性PCR和变性梯度胶电泳(DGGE)的协助下,从废水处理装置的微生物群落中分离较难分离的功能菌Thauera。【方法和结果】本研究首先使用Thauera特异性PCR-DGGE的方法鉴定了焦化废水处理装置反硝化池生物膜中的Thauera在6种培养基、好氧/厌氧条件下的生长情况。挑选Thauera多样性较高的培养基1/10 NB与MMQ在好氧条件下进行分离培养。然后使用Thauera特异性PCR方法确定分离得到的菌落是否呈阳性,并使用DGGE的方法检验其是否为纯菌。使用不同培养基对含有Thauera的混合菌落进行进一步纯化,DGGE检测发现MMP培养基对混合细菌菌落Q20中的Thauera有明显的富集作用。经过Thauera特异性PCR结合DGGE检测对Thauera属细菌进行追踪,将混合菌落在MMP培养基上多次划线,最终分离得到纯菌。通过这种方法,从反硝化池样品中分离获得了3株在样品中最为主要的Thauera菌株。【结论】以特异性分子标记为导向分离培养细菌,不仅提高了分离效率及细菌筛选的灵敏度,还能协助分离常规方法难以分离的细菌。  相似文献
3.
克隆乔木黄牛奶树两种繁殖方式的适合度分析   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3       下载免费PDF全文
对黄牛奶树两种生殖方式(克隆生殖和有性生殖)的适合度研究结果表明,不同生境下,黄牛奶树繁殖及占据空间的方式有一定差异.在水肥资源丰富、郁闭度较大(常绿阔叶林和竹林)条件下,克隆生殖和有性生殖幼苗存活率均较高,占据空间的能力较强,但克隆苗在数量和占据空间的能力上占较大优势,主要以克隆方式进行繁殖;水肥资源贫乏、光照较强的条件下,两类苗存活率和占据空间能力均较低,实生苗在数量和占据空间能力上占优势.黄牛奶树两种繁殖方式的瓶颈期不同,有性生殖的瓶颈期在种子到幼苗阶段,而克隆苗在幼苗到成株阶段.黄牛奶树的入侵过程是先以实生苗侵入一个地点定居,在郁闭度较大、水肥良好的条件下,以克隆方式迅速占领空间.生长初期克隆苗表现出极大的优势,后期(15龄以上)则优势不复存在.  相似文献
4.
[目的]本研究旨在比较分析分别以喹啉和吲哚为底物,在相同条件下驯化的两个反硝化生物反应器的微生物群落结构.[方法]采用相同的种子污泥和相同的驯化条件,经过大约6周的驯化后,两个反应器均达到稳定而高效的污染物去除能力,通过16S rDNA克隆文库技术对两个反应器的微生物群落结构进行研究.[结果]研究发现,微生物群落结构表现出很大的差异.喹啉驯化的群落中所有的OTU都属于Betaproteobacteria,而吲哚驯化的群落中Betaproteobacteria占56.3%,吲哚驯化的群落具有更高的多样性.两个群落的优势OTU也不同,喹啉驯化群落中Thauera及其它Rhodocyclaceae科的微生物占整个群落的73%,而吲哚驯化群落中优势OTU为Comamonadaceae科、Alcaligenaceae科和Rhodocyclaceae科等类型的微生物,其中Comamonadaceae科的一个OTU占整个群落的28.7%.[结论]不同的驯化底物对微生物群落的组成具有较强的选择作用.首次报道并比较了可高效降解喹啉和吲哚的反硝化生物反应器的微生物群落结构.  相似文献
5.
Large-insert bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) libraries are necessary for advanced genetics and genomics research. To facilitate gene cloning and characterization, genome analysis, and physical mapping of scallop, two BAC libraries were constructed from nuclear DNA of Zhikong scallop, Chlamys farreri Jones et Preston. The libraries were constructed in the BamHI and MboI sites of the vector pECBAC1, respectively. The BamHI library consists of 73,728 clones, and approximately 99% of the clones contain scallop nuclear DNA inserts with an average size of 110 kb, covering 8.0x haploid genome equivalents. Similarly, the MboI library consists of 7680 clones, with an average insert of 145 kb and no insert-empty clones, thus providing a genome coverage of 1.1x. The combined libraries collectively contain a total of 81,408 BAC clones arrayed in 212 384-well microtiter plates, representing 9.1x haploid genome equivalents and having a probability of greater than 99% of discovering at least one positive clone with a single-copy sequence. High-density clone filters prepared from a subset of the two libraries were screened with nine pairs of Overgos designed from the cDNA or DNA sequences of six genes involved in the innate immune system of mollusks. Positive clones were identified for every gene, with an average of 5.3 BAC clones per gene probe. These results suggest that the two scallop BAC libraries provide useful tools for gene cloning, genome physical mapping, and large-scale sequencing in the species.  相似文献
6.
There is a concern of whether the structure and diversity of a microbial community can be effectively revealed by short-length pyrosequencing reads. In this study, we performed a microbial community analysis on a sample from a high-efficiency denitrifying quinoline-degrading bioreactor and compared the results generated by pyrosequencing with those generated by clone library technology. By both technologies, 16S rRNA gene analysis indicated that the bacteria in the sample were closely related to, for example, Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, and Bacteroidetes. The sequences belonging to Rhodococcus were the most predominant, and Pseudomonas, Sphingomonas, Acidovorax, and Zoogloea were also abundant. Both methods revealed a similar overall bacterial community structure. However, the 622 pyrosequencing reads of the hypervariable V3 region of the 16S rRNA gene revealed much higher bacterial diversity than the 130 sequences from the full-length 16S rRNA gene clone library. The 92 operational taxonomic unit (OTUs) detected using pyrosequencing belonged to 45 families, whereas the 37 OTUs found in the clone library belonged to 25 families. Most sequences obtained from the clone library had equivalents in the pyrosequencing reads. However, 64 OTUs detected by pyrosequencing were not represented in the clone library. Our results demonstrate that pyrosequencing of the V3 region of the 16S rRNA gene is not only a powerful tool for discovering low-abundance bacterial populations but is also reliable for dissecting the bacterial community structure in a wastewater environment.  相似文献
7.
苦荞过敏蛋白TB22的原核表达及纯化   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
为了确定苦荞主要过敏原蛋白TB22的抗原决定簇,揭示其致敏机制,为以后的分子改造及育种改良打下基础,需要在体外微生物体系中获得大量的纯化蛋白。以pQE31为表达载体,M15为表达菌株,使用IPTG诱导,在37℃获得了以包涵体形式存在的表达产物。经WesternBlotting检测,证明表达条带N端带有Histidinetag。使用8molL尿素初步纯化后,目的蛋白含量达到40%以上。进一步HitrapChelatingHP亲和纯化,表达蛋白的纯度达到90%以上。建立了适合重组TB22纯化的基本方法,得到了纯化的包涵体,为抗TB22抗体的制备及其抗原决定簇的研究奠定了基础。  相似文献
8.
通过对敦煌莫高窟6个洞窟中的51个典型变色颜料样品的微生物检测,发现其中的细菌有6个属,优势菌为芽孢杆菌属和产碱菌属;霉菌有5个属,优势菌为青霉属。将分离得到的菌种,通过模拟试验证明,枝孢霉、黑曲霉和2种特殊细菌对壁画红色颜料变色和胶结材料的老化均起着重要作用。  相似文献
9.
We recovered microorganisms from five ice core samples from three glaciers (Puruogangri, Malan, and Dunde) located in the Tibetan Plateau in China and analyzed their small subunit rRNA gene sequences. Most of the bacterial sequences were unknown previously; the most closely related known sequences were from bacteria of the Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes , and Actinobacteria phyla. Chlorophyta, Streptophyta, Ciliophora , and fungal groups were represented among the 18S rRNA gene sequences that we obtained. The most abundantly represented glacial bacteria were Bacteroidetes , and Chlamydomonas was the predominant eukaryote. Comparative analysis showed that the Bacteroidetes sequences obtained from this study were highly similar to one another but most were only distantly related to previously characterized Bacteroidetes (<92% identity). We propose that our Bacteroidetes sequences represent two novel subgroups: one at the family level and one at the genus level. The unique ice environment and the high abundance of Bacteroidetes , combined with the coexistence of a high abundance of psychrophilic Chlamydomonas , strongly suggests that there is a viable ecosystem on the surface of Tibetan glaciers. Comparisons of microbial community structures in the five ice samples showed distinct differences, likely due to environmental differences in the locations in which the samples were obtained.  相似文献
10.
Two novel methods for the analysis of ellagic acid in pomegranate (Punica granatum) rinds are proposed. Capillary electrophoresis (CE) was performed in a bare fused-silica capillary using a buffer solution of tri(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane:potassium dihydrogen phosphate (pH 8.4) with an applied voltage of 20 kV and UV detection at 254 nm. HPLC analysis was performed with a Zobax SB C(18) column and a mobile phase consisting of methanol:ethyl acetate:potassium dihydrogen phosphate: phosphoric acid at a flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. Under optimised conditions, the HPLC retention and the CE migration times for ellagic acid were 10.32 and 12.23 min, respectively. Calibration curves of peak area vs. concentration gave correlation coefficients of 0.9999 for HPLC and 0.9990 for CE. The detection limits for HPLC and CE were 2.8 and 2.2 microg/mL, respectively. Average recoveries were 98.32 +/- 1.2% for HPLC and 96.52 +/- 2.8% for CE. Both methods were shown to be suitable for the determination of ellagic acid in pomegranate rinds extraction; however, the CE method required less solvent and gave better column efficiency, whilst the HPLC provided superior precision.  相似文献
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号