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排序方式: 共有634条查询结果,搜索用时 390 毫秒
1.
以尖峰岭地区为研究区域,探讨了森林生态系统服务功能的内涵,并使用市场价值,影子工程、机会成本和替代花费等方法评价了海南岛尖峰岭地区热带森林生态系统服务功能的生态经济价值,结果表明,在尖峰岭地区,面积为44667.00hm^2的热带森林生态系统服务功能价平均每年6638.49万元,其中林产品价值为7164.11万元,涵养水源价值为39429.21万元,保持土壤减少侵蚀价值为247.26万元,固定CO  相似文献
2.
长期单施化肥对土壤性状及作物产量的影响   总被引:40,自引:6,他引:34  
1978-1998年在陕西关中地区农田的长期定位试验研究表明,长期单纯化肥基本上可以维持土壤有机质和NP水平,单施化肥与化肥配合有机肥处理的作物产量基本相当,但是,单施化肥处理使土壤腐殖质能量水平降低,分子缩合程度和芳构化度增大,“老化”作用增强。  相似文献
3.
Xu D  Duan X  Wang B  Hong B  Ho T  Wu R 《Plant physiology》1996,110(1):249-257
A late embryogenesis abundant (LEA) protein gene, HVA1, from barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) was introduced into rice suspension cells using the Biolistic-mediated transformation method, and a large number of independent transgenic rice (Oryza sativa L.) plants were generated. Expression of the barley HVA1 gene regulated by the rice actin 1 gene promoter led to high-level, constitutive accumulation of the HVA1 protein in both leaves and roots of transgenic rice plants. Second-generation transgenic rice plants showed significantly increased tolerance to water deficit and salinity. Transgenic rice plants maintained higher growth rates than nontransformed control plants under stress conditions. The increased tolerance was also reflected by delayed development of damage symptoms caused by stress and by improved recovery upon the removal of stress conditions. We also found that the extent of increased stress tolerance correlated with the level of the HVA1 protein accumulated in the transgenic rice plants. Using a transgenic approach, this study provides direct evidence supporting the hypothesis that LEA proteins play an important role in the protection of plants under water-or salt-stress conditions. Thus, LEA genes hold considerable potential for use as molecular tools for genetic crop improvement toward stress tolerance.  相似文献
4.
We report here the reconstitution of the de novo procaspase-9 activation pathway using highly purified cytochrome c, recombinant APAF-1, and recombinant procaspase-9. APAF-1 binds and hydrolyzes ATP or dATP to ADP or dADP, respectively. The hydrolysis of ATP/dATP and the binding of cytochrome c promote APAF-1 oligomerization, forming a large multimeric APAF-1.cytochrome c complex. Such a complex can be isolated using gel filtration chromatography and is by itself sufficient to recruit and activate procaspase-9. The stoichiometric ratio of procaspase-9 to APAF-1 is approximately 1 to 1 in the complex. Once activated, caspase-9 disassociates from the complex and becomes available to cleave and activate downstream caspases such as caspase-3.  相似文献
5.
Analysis of the interaction of FtsZ with itself, GTP, and FtsA.   总被引:30,自引:9,他引:21       下载免费PDF全文
The interaction of FtsZ with itself, GTP, and FtsA was examined by analyzing the sensitivity of FtsZ to proteolysis and by using the yeast two-hybrid system. The N-terminal conserved domain consisting of 320 amino acids bound GTP, and a central region of FtsZ, encompassing slightly more than half of the protein, was cross-linked to GTP. Site-directed mutagenesis revealed that none of six highly conserved aspartic acid and asparagine residues were required for GTP binding. These results indicate that the specificity determinants for GTP binding are different than those for the GTPase superfamily. The N-terminal conserved domain of FtsZ contained a site for self-interaction that is conserved between FtsZ proteins from distantly related bacterial species. FtsZ320, which was truncated at the end of the conserved domain, was a potent inhibitor of division although it expressed normal GTPase activity and could polymerize. FtsZ was also found to interact directly with FtsA, and this interaction could also be observed between these proteins from distantly related bacterial species.  相似文献
6.
The inheritance of resistance for bacterial blight, caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae ( Xoo), was studied in Minghui 63, an elite restorer line for a number of widely used rice hybrids in China. A new dominant gene against a Chinese Xoo strain JL691 in both the seedling and adult stages was identified in Minghui 63 and designated as Xa26( t). Using a total of 477 highly susceptible individuals from an F(2) population, the Xa26( t) locus was mapped to a region of about 1.68 cM. This locus co-segregated with marker R1506 and was 0.21 cM from marker RM224 on one side and 1.47 cM from marker Y6855RA on the other side, in rice chromosome 11. A contig map, composed of five non-redundant bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) clones and spanning approximately 500 kb in length, was constructed. Analysis of recombination events in the Xa26( t) region with the highly susceptible F(2) individuals anchored the gene locus to a region covered by three overlapped BAC clones. Assay of the lines showing a double crossover in marker loci flanking Xa26( t), in a population of recombinant inbred lines carrying Xa26( t), further delineated the gene to a 20-kb fragment. The Xa26( t) locus is tightly linked to another bacterial blight resistance gene locus, Xa4.  相似文献
7.
Defective smooth muscle regulation in cGMP kinase I-deficient mice.   总被引:26,自引:2,他引:24       下载免费PDF全文
Regulation of smooth muscle contractility is essential for many important biological processes such as tissue perfusion, cardiovascular haemostasis and gastrointestinal motility. While an increase in calcium initiates smooth muscle contraction, relaxation can be induced by cGMP or cAMP. cGMP-dependent protein kinase I (cGKI) has been suggested as a major mediator of the relaxant effects of both nucleotides. To study the biological role of cGKI and its postulated cross-activation by cAMP, we inactivated the gene coding for cGKI in mice. Loss of cGKI abolishes nitric oxide (NO)/cGMP-dependent relaxation of smooth muscle, resulting in severe vascular and intestinal dysfunctions. However, cGKI-deficient smooth muscle responded normally to cAMP, indicating that cAMP and cGMP signal via independent pathways, with cGKI being the specific mediator of the NO/cGMP effects in murine smooth muscle.  相似文献
8.
9.
We report here the biochemical analysis of the reconstituted de novo procaspase-9 activation using highly purified cytochrome c, recombinant apoptotic protease-activating factor-1 (Apaf-1), and recombinant procaspase-9. Using a nucleotide binding assay, we found that Apaf-1 alone bound dATP poorly and the nucleotide binding to Apaf-1 was significantly stimulated by cytochrome c. The binding of dATP to Apaf-1 induces the formation of a multimeric Apaf-1. cytochrome c complex, apoptosome. Procaspase-9 also synergistically promotes dATP binding to Apaf-1 in a cytochrome c-dependent manner. The dATP bound to apoptosome remained as dATP, not dADP. A nonhydrolyzable ATP analog, ADPCP (beta,gamma-methylene adenosine 5'-triphosphate), was able to support apoptosome formation and caspase activation in place of dATP or ATP. These data indicate that the key event in Apaf-1-mediated caspase-9 activation is cytochrome c-induced dATP binding to Apaf-1.  相似文献
10.
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