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A DNA fragment carrying the insecticidal protein gene of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. aizawai IPL7 was cloned from a 78-kb plasmid. The nucleotide sequence revealed that the cloned DNA fragment contained a 3465-bp protein-coding region with 156-bp 5'-flanking, and 168-bp 3'-flanking regions. The open reading frame encoded a 130,690 Da protein consisting of 1155 amino acid residues. Nucleotide sequence comparison of the aizawai gene with the published berliner 1715 gene showed only 8 nt changes in the coding regions. It was found that 72 bp of the 5'-flanking sequence of the cloned aizawai gene was responsible for constitutive expression of the 130-kDa protein gene in Escherichia coli. The expression was greatly enhanced by introducing the tac promoter upstream from the 72-bp 5'-flanking region of the aizawai gene. Under optimal conditions, the 130-kDa insecticidal protein amounted to 38% of the total cellular protein.  相似文献
2.
Escherichia coli JM103 cells harboring expression plasmid pTB1 or pKC6 synthesized the 130- and 135-kilodalton insecticidal proteins, respectively, of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. aizawai IPL7, and both products accumulated as cytoplasmic inclusion bodies. Amorphous inclusions which contained contaminating proteins, together with the corresponding insecticidal proteins, were formed in cultures at 37 degrees C, but bipyramidal crystals practically free of contaminants were observed at 30 degrees C. Although 9.8% of the amino acids were substituted between these two proteins, both protein crystals had the same shape as those of the parental B. thuringiensis strain, which produced both proteins.  相似文献
3.
2'-5'-Linked oligoadenylic acid 5'-triphosphates (2-5A) having chain lengths of 2-4 have been synthesized by polymerization of 3'-O-(o-nitrobenzyl)-N-benzoyladenosine 5'-phosphate followed by 5'-triphosphorylation via the imidazolidates. A large scale preparation of 5'-O-phosphoryladenylyl-(2'-5')-adenylyl-(2'-5')-adenosine was performed by the phosphotriester method using 5'-O-monomethoxytrityl-3'-O-(o-nitrobenzyl)-N-benzoyladenosine 2'-O-p-chlorophenylphosphate and 5'-O-phosphorodianilido-3'-O-(o-nitrobenzyl)-N-benzoyladenosine 2'-O-p-chlorophenylphosphate as intermediates. The trimer was also triphosphorylated by the imidazolide method. CD spectra for 5'-mono and triphosphorylated 2'-5' adenylates were measured as well as their UV hypochromicities. This triester method was also applied to the synthesis of 3',5'-bisphosphorylated protected oligoadenylic acids with natural 3'-5' linkages which could be used for further condensations to yield 5'-phosphorylated polynucleotides.  相似文献
4.
The 130-kDa insecticidal protein (IP) of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. aizawai is proteolytically processed in the gut juice of susceptible insect larvae to yield an insecticidally active 60-kDa fragment. Twenty-seven mutant IP genes with the replacement of codons for Arg and Lys with codons for Gln in the active fragment and its adjacent regions of the 130-kDa IP were constructed by site-directed mutagenesis and expressed in Escherichia coli cells. The produced mutant IPs at Arg87, Arg131, Arg198, Arg311, Arg368, Arg402, Arg458, Arg502, Arg512, Arg524, Arg526, Arg528, and Arg601 had reduced insecticidal activity against Spodoptera litura larvae. The mutant at Arg601 was sensitive to proteolytic digestion in the gut juice of S. litura larvae. Although the mutants at Arg619, Lys622, and Lys637 had nearly the same activity as that of the wild type, the mutant with the triple replacement at Arg619, Lys622, and Lys637 was 2.5 times more active against S. litura larvae than the wild type. This triple mutant showed a slightly different processing profile in the gut juice than that of the wild type.  相似文献
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