首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   41篇
  完全免费   1篇
  2017年   1篇
  2015年   1篇
  2014年   2篇
  2013年   2篇
  2012年   1篇
  2011年   2篇
  2010年   5篇
  2009年   4篇
  2007年   4篇
  2006年   2篇
  2005年   1篇
  2003年   1篇
  2001年   6篇
  2000年   1篇
  1999年   1篇
  1992年   1篇
  1987年   2篇
  1986年   1篇
  1974年   1篇
  1972年   1篇
  1971年   1篇
  1970年   1篇
排序方式: 共有42条查询结果,搜索用时 93 毫秒
1.
U box proteins as a new family of ubiquitin-protein ligases.   总被引:26,自引:0,他引:26  
The U box is a domain of approximately 70 amino acids that is present in proteins from yeast to humans. The prototype U box protein, yeast Ufd2, was identified as a ubiquitin chain assembly factor that cooperates with a ubiquitin-activating enzyme (E1), a ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme (E2), and a ubiquitin-protein ligase (E3) to catalyze ubiquitin chain formation on artificial substrates. E3 enzymes are thought to determine the substrate specificity of ubiquitination and have been classified into two families, the HECT and RING finger families. Six mammalian U box proteins have now been shown to mediate polyubiquitination in the presence of E1 and E2 and in the absence of E3. These U box proteins exhibited different specificities for E2 enzymes in this reaction. Deletion of the U box or mutation of conserved amino acids within it abolished ubiquitination activity. Some U box proteins catalyzed polyubiquitination by targeting lysine residues of ubiquitin other than lysine 48, which is utilized by HECT and RING finger E3 enzymes for polyubiquitination that serves as a signal for proteolysis by the 26 S proteasome. These data suggest that U box proteins constitute a third family of E3 enzymes and that E4 activity may reflect a specialized type of E3 activity.  相似文献
2.
Regulation of the cell cycle by SCF-type ubiquitin ligases   总被引:20,自引:0,他引:20  
Regulation of the cell cycle is dependent on protein degradation by the ubiquitin-proteasome system. Two major ubiquitin ligases, the anaphase-promoting complex or cyclosome (APC/C) and SCF complex, are responsible for the periodic proteolysis of many regulators of the cell cycle. The receptor component of the SCF complex is one of many F-box proteins, three of which--Skp2, Fbw7, and beta-TrCP--are well characterized and implicated in cell cycle regulation. We have generated mice deficient in Skp2, Fbw7, or beta-TrCP1 and have identified the roles of these proteins in both cell cycle regulation and mouse development. Clinical evidence also suggests that dysregulation of these F-box proteins contributes to human cancers.  相似文献
3.
A DNA fragment carrying the insecticidal protein gene of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. aizawai IPL7 was cloned from a 78-kb plasmid. The nucleotide sequence revealed that the cloned DNA fragment contained a 3465-bp protein-coding region with 156-bp 5'-flanking, and 168-bp 3'-flanking regions. The open reading frame encoded a 130,690 Da protein consisting of 1155 amino acid residues. Nucleotide sequence comparison of the aizawai gene with the published berliner 1715 gene showed only 8 nt changes in the coding regions. It was found that 72 bp of the 5'-flanking sequence of the cloned aizawai gene was responsible for constitutive expression of the 130-kDa protein gene in Escherichia coli. The expression was greatly enhanced by introducing the tac promoter upstream from the 72-bp 5'-flanking region of the aizawai gene. Under optimal conditions, the 130-kDa insecticidal protein amounted to 38% of the total cellular protein.  相似文献
4.
Microsatellite-centromere mapping in the loach, Misgurnus anguillicaudatus   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
Morishima K  Nakayama I  Arai K 《Genetica》2001,111(1-3):59-69
Primer sets for 15 polymorphic microsatellite loci were developed in the loach, Misgurnus anguillicaudatus (Cobitidae) by molecular cloning and sequencing techniques. Mendelian inheritance was confirmed for the 15 loci by examining the genotypic segregation produced with the primer sets in two full-sib families. The loci were mapped in relation to their centromere in four gynogenetic diploid lines, which were induced by inhibition of the second meiotic division after fertilization with genetically inert sperm. Microsatellite-centromere recombination rates ranged between 0.06 and 0.95 under the assumption of complete interference. Thus, these loci are distributed from the centromeres to the telomeres of their respective chromosomes. The success of mitotic gynogenesis, produced by suppression of the first cleavage, was verified by homozygosity at three diagnostic microsatellite loci that exhibited high gene-centromere meiotic recombination rates in the same family. The differences in heterozygosity levels observed with these markers were attributed to differences in the temporal application of heat shock following inert sperm activation.  相似文献
5.
Improved fish lymphocyte culture for chromosome preparation   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
Cytogenetic methodology is still underdeveloped in fishes compared with mammals. Culture condition for fish lymphocytes was optimized to improve chromosome preparation using the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) as a model after changing the combination of parameters such as mitogens, incubation periods, media, cell components, and freshness of blood. The optimized culture condition included isolation of lymphocytes from fresh blood by a stirring method, their culture in medium 199 supplemented with 10% FBS, 18g/ml of phytohemagglutinin (PHA-W) and 100g/ml of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as mitogens, and harvested at 6 days after culture. This condition provided a notably increased mitotic index (MI) of 4.3–10.0% in rainbow trout lymphocytes. In addition, the condition was highly reproducible as shown by the similar level of MI in cultured lymphocytes from 181 individuals without failure. Applicability of this method in a wide range of fish groups was also proven with MI of 1.1–13.3% in cultured lymphocytes from other 16 freshwater species of Acipenseridae, Anguillidae, Salmonidae, Cyprinidae, and Centrarchidae, and five marine species of Sparidae, Kyphosidae, Paralichthyidae, and Scorpaenidae. Chromosome preparations of improved quality by the present method were successfully applied for the replication R-banding with incorporation of 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine and direct R-banding fluorescence in situ hybridization.  相似文献
6.
Chromosome studies of progenies of tetraploid female rainbow trout   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
Summary Nine induced tetraploid females were artificially inseminated by UV-irradiated sperm collected from diploid males, in order to induce the gynogenetic development of their ova. Most of the resulting embryos were diploid (or minor aneuploids). Several gynogenetic tetraploids, likely to issue from unreduced ova, were also detected in these progenies. The same females fertilized by normal sperm of diploid males gave a majority of triploids and several pentaploids, while the fertilization by normal sperm of tetraploid males gave rise to a majority of tetraploids and one hexaploid. The same crosses, after the eggs had been heat-shocked to double the maternal genetic contribution, yielded about three-quarters pentaploids and one quarter haploids (normal sperm of diploids), or three-quarters hexaploids and one quarter diploids (normal sperm of tetraploids). These haploids and diploids are likely to result from androgenesis.  相似文献
7.
It has recently been postulated that platelet/endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1/CD31) might play a role in vascular tube formation. To evaluate the role of PECAM-1/CD31 in the formation of the capillary network in vivo, we conducted an ultrastructural immunohistochemical evaluation of the localization of PECAM-1/CD31 and its developmentally regulated expression in the periphery of the lungs of fetal, newborn, and adult rats. PECAM-1/CD31 was present mainly on luminal surfaces and at the junctions between endothelial cells. Moreover, in fetal lung, products of the immunoreaction were also found on the abluminal surfaces of endothelial cells. To relate those findings to the developmental changes in the capillary area of the lung, we performed a morphometric study of electronmicrographs. The cross-sectional area of blood vessels at the periphery of the lungs was significantly greater in 15-19-day-old fetuses than in postpartum animals (p<0.0001). Disappearance of the expression of PECAM-1/CD31 on the abluminal endothelial surface paralleled the changes in the cross-sectional area of blood vessels that occurred during the perinatal period. (J Histochem Cytochem 48:1283-1289, 2000)  相似文献
8.
9.
10.
Replication licensing is carefully regulated to restrict replication to once in a cell cycle. In higher eukaryotes, regulation of the licensing factor Cdt1 by proteolysis and Geminin is essential to prevent re-replication. We show here that the N-terminal 100 amino acids of human Cdt1 are recognized for proteolysis by two distinct E3 ubiquitin ligases during S-G2 phases. Six highly conserved amino acids within the 10 first amino acids of Cdt1 are essential for DDB1-Cul4-mediated proteolysis. This region is also involved in proteolysis following DNA damage. The second E3 is SCF-Skp2, which recognizes the Cy-motif-mediated Cyclin E/A-cyclin-dependent kinase-phosphorylated region. Consistently, in HeLa cells cosilenced of Skp2 and Cul4, Cdt1 remained stable in S-G2 phases. The Cul4-containing E3 is active during ongoing replication, while SCF-Skp2 operates both in S and G2 phases. PCNA binds to Cdt1 through the six conserved N-terminal amino acids. PCNA is essential for Cul4- but not Skp2-directed degradation during DNA replication and following ultraviolet-irradiation. Our data unravel multiple distinct pathways regulating Cdt1 to block re-replication.  相似文献
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号