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Regulation of APC activity by phosphorylation and regulatory factors.   总被引:12,自引:0,他引:12  
Ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis of Cut2/Pds1 and Cyclin B is required for sister chromatid separation and exit from mitosis, respectively. Anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC) specifically ubiquitinates Cut2/Pds1 at metaphase-anaphase transition, and ubiquitinates Cyclin B in late mitosis and G1 phase. However, the exact regulatory mechanism of substrate-specific activation of mammalian APC with the right timing remains to be elucidated. We found that not only the binding of the activators Cdc20 and Cdh1 and the inhibitor Mad2 to APC, but also the phosphorylation of Cdc20 and Cdh1 by Cdc2-Cyclin B and that of APC by Polo-like kinase and cAMP-dependent protein kinase, regulate APC activity. The cooperation of the phosphorylation/dephosphorylation and the regulatory factors in regulation of APC activity may thus control the precise progression of mitosis.  相似文献
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Isolation and characterization of chum salmon growth hormone   总被引:7,自引:0,他引:7  
Two molecular forms of salmon growth hormone (sGH), sGH I and II, have been isolated from the pituitary glands of the chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta); a two-step extraction procedure, under alkaline (pH 10) conditions, subsequent to acid-acetone extraction was employed for extraction of the sGHs. They were then purified by iso-electric precipitation at pH 5.6, gel filtration on Sephadex G-100, and high-performance liquid chromatography on ODS. Intraperitoneal injection of sGH I and a combination of sGH I and II at doses of 0.01 microgram/g body wt at different intervals resulted in a significant increase in body weight and length of juvenile rainbow trout. The GH producing cells in the pituitary of mature chum salmon were identified in the proximal pars distalis immunocytochemically with a specific antiserum; no cross-reactivity was seen in the prolactin cells in the rostral pars distalis. A molecular weight of 22,000 was estimated for both sGHs by gel electrophoresis in sodium dodecyl sulfate. Isoelectric points, by gel electrofocusing, of 5.6 and 6.0 were estimated for sGH I and II, respectively, with differences present in the amino acid composition and the N-terminal residue, suggesting that they may be genetic variants coded on two separate genes. The partial amino acid sequences of sGH I at both terminal regions have been determined.  相似文献
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An in vitro splicing system was constructed using portions of chicken delta-crystallin pre-mRNA synthesized in vitro and a HeLa nuclear extract. Analysis of the reaction products revealed that about 25% of the pre-mRNA was precisely spliced at 30 degrees C in 2 h under the standard conditions. The other major products of the reaction detected were a 5'-exon fragment and three RNA species showing unusual electrophoretic mobilities on polyacrylamide gels. Structural analyses showed that these three RNAs contain a branch (lariat) structure as seen in the in vitro splicing reactions of human beta-globin, adenovirus, and yeast pre-mRNAs. In addition, methylation at the N-7 position of the blocking guanosine of the 5'-terminal cap structure of pre-mRNA has been suggested to play an important role in the splicing reaction.  相似文献
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Presence of phosphatidylcholine hydroperoxide in human plasma   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
A chemiluminescence-high performance liquid chromatography (CL-HPLC) system was newly developed and used for the hydroperoxide-specific determination of phosphatidylcholine hydroperoxide (PCOOH) in human plasma. The method involves separation of phosphatidylcholine derivatives from plasma lipids by normal phase HPLC and subsequent detection of hydroperoxide-dependent chemiluminescence (CL) of PCOOH. CL was produced through luminol oxidation during the reaction of the hydroperoxide and cytochrome c-heme. The high specificity for the hydroperoxide allows the sensitive assaying of a large PCOOH range over a concentration range of 50-2,000 pmol of hydroperoxide-O2. Using this method, the occurrence of PCOOH in normal human plasma was strongly suggested and was confirmed quantitatively.  相似文献
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We have devised two independent detection methods for investigating possible molecular heterogeneity and genetic polymorphism in human DNase I, in terms of both its antigenicity and enzymatic activity. One was an immunoblotting method using an antibody specific to DNase I following polyacrylamide gel isoelectric focusing (IEF-PAGE). The DNase I-specific antibody was raised in a rabbit using purified enzyme from human urine as the immunogen. DNase I in urine was found to exist in multiple forms with different pI values separable by IEF-PAGE within a pH range of 3.5-4.0. This method was able to detect as little as 0.1 micrograms of the purified DNase I and facilitated classification of desialylated urine samples from different individuals into several groups according to differences in DNase I isozyme patterns. About 0.5 ml of the original urine was sufficient for analysis of the isozyme patterns. The other method was the zymogram method, which had a high sensitivity and resolution almost identical to those of the immunoblotting method for analysis of DNase I patterns. It was easier to perform, more time-saving, and more useful since it did not require antibody specific to DNase I. These two methods should prove valuable for biochemical and genetic analysis of DNase I isozymes.  相似文献
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Platelet-activating factor in normal rat uterus   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
Platelet-activating factor (PAF) was found in normal rat uterus and identified as 1-0-hexadecyl/octadecenyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine. PAF was purified by several successive chromatographic procedures. It showed platelet aggregating activity, which was inhibited by CV 3988, and had no effect on platelets desensitized with 1-0-hexadecyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine. The tert-butyldimethyl-silylderivative of 1-0-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol, which was obtained by hydrolysis of uterine PAF with phospholipase C, was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. One rat uterus contained approximately 21.3 ng of 1-0-hexadecyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine. This is the first report of the occurrence of a significant amount of PAF in a normal animal tissue.  相似文献
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