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1.
Overexpression of HER-2/neu correlates with poor survival of breast and ovarian cancer patients and induces resistance to tumor necrosis factor (TNF), which causes cancer cells to escape from host immune defenses. The mechanism of HER-2/neu-induced TNF resistance is unknown. Here we report that HER-2/neu activates Akt and NF-kappaB without extracellular stimulation. Blocking of the Akt pathway by a dominant-negative Akt sensitizes the HER-2/neu-overexpressing cells to TNF-induced apoptosis and inhibits IkappaB kinases, IkappaB phosphorylation, and NF-kappaB activation. Our results suggested that HER-2/neu constitutively activates the Akt/NF-kappaB anti-apoptotic cascade to confer resistance to TNF on cancer cells and reduce host defenses against neoplasia.  相似文献
2.
Because HER-2/neu overexpression is important in cancer development, we looked for a method of suppressing the cell transformation mediated by HER-2/neu overexpression. We have identified that the DNA-binding protein PEA3, which is encoded by a previously isolated gene of the ets family, specifically targeted a DNA sequence on the HER-2/neu promoter and downregulated the promoter activity. Expression of PEA3 resulted in preferential inhibition of cell growth and tumor development of HER-2/neu-overexpressing cancer cells. This is a new approach to targeting HER-2/neu overexpression and also provides a rationale to the design for repressors of diseases caused by overexpression of pathogenic genes.  相似文献
3.
The amyloid beta-protein (Abeta), implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), is a proteolytic metabolite generated by the sequential action of beta- and gamma-secretases on the amyloid precursor protein (APP). The two main forms of Abeta are 40- and 42-amino acid C-terminal variants, Abeta40 and Abeta42. We recently described a difluoro ketone peptidomimetic (1) that blocks Abeta production at the gamma-secretase level [Wolfe, M. S., et al. (1998) J. Med. Chem. 41, 6-9]. Although designed to inhibit Abeta42 production, 1 also effectively blocked Abeta40 formation. Various amino acid changes in 1 still resulted in inhibition of Abeta40 and Abeta42 production, suggesting relatively loose sequence specificity by gamma-secretase. The alcohol counterparts of selected difluoro ketones also lowered Abeta levels, indicating that the ketone carbonyl is not essential for activity and suggesting that these compounds inhibit an aspartyl protease. Selected compounds inhibited the aspartyl protease cathepsin D but not the cysteine protease calpain, corroborating previous suggestions that gamma-secretase is an aspartyl protease with some properties similar to those of cathepsin D. Also, since the gamma-secretase cleavage sites on APP are within the transmembrane region, we consider the hypothesis that this region binds to gamma-secretase as an alpha-helix and discuss the implications of this model for the mechanism of certain forms of hereditary AD.  相似文献
4.
EB病毒潜伏膜蛋白1诱导人鼻咽上皮细胞端粒酶的表达   总被引:7,自引:1,他引:6  
杨静  曹亚 《实验生物学报》2001,34(3):207-211
Telomerase activation has been linked to cell immortalization in vitro and tumorigenicity in vivo. In this study, for the first, we reported that Epstein-Barr virus activated the telomerase activity of human nasopharyngeal epithelial cells in the early stage of immortalization as tested by the PCR-ELISA. The telomerase activity in nasopharyngeal epithelial cells was only observed in presenescent cells. It was implicated that Epstein-Barr virus induced the escape of nasopharyngeal epithelial cells from senescence via the activation of telomerase. We further showed that telomerase activation in infected cells was dependent on the protein level of latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) encoded by Epstein-Barr virus using a Tetracycline regulatory cell line expressing LMP1, pTet-on-LMP1-HNE2. The activity of telomerase in nasopharyngeal cells was decreased when the protein level of LMP1 was blocked by antisense LMP1 plasmid DNA. And the activity of telmerase was also related to the carboxyl terminus of LMP1. It was implicated that the ability of Epstein-Barr virus to suppress senescence is associated with telomerase activation by LMP1.  相似文献
5.
The discovery that a deficiency of presenilin 1 (PS1) decreases the production of amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) identified the presenilins as important mediators of the gamma-secretase cleavage of beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP). Recently, we found that two conserved transmembrane (TM) aspartates in PS1 are critical for Abeta production, providing evidence that PS1 either functions as a required diaspartyl cofactor for gamma-secretase or is itself gamma-secretase. Presenilin 2 (PS2) shares substantial sequence and possibly functional homology with PS1. Here, we show that the two TM aspartates in PS2 are also critical for gamma-secretase activity, providing further evidence that PS2 is functionally homologous to PS1. Cells stably co-expressing TM Asp --> Ala mutations in both PS1 and PS2 show further accumulation of the APP-derived gamma-secretase substrates, C83 and C99. The production of Abeta is reduced to undetectable levels in the conditioned media of these cells. Furthermore, endoproteolysis of the exogenous Asp mutant PS2 is absent, and endogenous PS1 C-terminal fragments are diminished to undetectable levels. Therefore, the co-expression of PS1 and PS2 TM Asp --> Ala mutants suppresses the formation of any detectable PS1 or PS2 heterodimeric fragments and essentially abolishes the production of Abeta. These results explain the residual Abeta production seen in PS1-deficient cells and demonstrate the absolute requirement of functional presenilins for Abeta generation. We conclude that presenilins, and their TM aspartates in particular, are attractive targets for lowering Abeta therapeutically to prevent Alzheimer's disease.  相似文献
6.
7.
Native LDL, in low concentrations, promotes proliferation of cultured human glomerular mesangial cells. LDL stimulated [(3)H]-thymidine incorporation into DNA of human glomerular mesangial cells. Increased concentrations of LDL led to increased [(3)H]-thymidine incorporation. When LDL concentrations were 5, 10 and 50 microg ml(-1), [(3)H]-thymidine incorporation was 919.5+/-216, 1106+/-132, and 1200+/-210, respectively. When Cordyceps sinensis 100, 200, 300, 400 microg ml(-1) plus LDL 10 microg ml(-1) were added, [(3)H]-thymidine incorporation was 99+/-19 and 53+/-8, respectively, P<0.01 compared with controls. With Cordyceps militaris at similar concentrations plus LDL 10 microg ml(-1), [(3)H]-thymidine incorporation was respectively 192+/-75, 168+/-66, 145+/-53 and 72+/-16, P<0.01 compared with controls. The data suggest that LDL may play a critical role in mediating mesangial cell hypertrophy or proliferation involved in the development of glomerulosclerosis. Cordyceps sinensis and Cordyceps militaris inhibited, to a certain degree, proliferation of cultured human glomerular mesangial cell induced by LDL.  相似文献
8.
抗鳗弧菌独特型单克隆抗体的制备及鉴定   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5       下载免费PDF全文
利用具有中和活性的抗鳗弧菌单克隆抗体 4A6作为免疫原 ,通过单克隆抗体技术制备出 7株分泌抗独特型单抗的杂交瘤细胞。以ELISA竞争抑制实验及诱导Ab3的功能实验证实 ,其中 4株属于Ab2 β,有可能用于疫苗生产。  相似文献
9.
633菌剂发酵条件的研究   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3       下载免费PDF全文
This paper reports the fermentation techmology of bacterial feed NO.633. A new fermentational technic, which was composed of fermentation medium, optimum pH,temperature, airate flow, pot pressure and fermentation time, was established.  相似文献
10.
Life table parameters of Aphis gossypii Glover (Homoptera: Aphididae) on Gossypium hirsutum L. were determined at six temperatures (10, 15, 20, 25, 30, and 35 ± 0.5°C) in the laboratory. Relationships of life table parameters with temperature were described with mathematical equations. Development was fastest at 30°C, with a pre-larviposition period of 4.6 d. Survival to adult was greatest at 25°C (81%). Fecundity was highest at 25°C, with a total fecundity of 28.3 nymphs per female and a mean reproductive rate of 3.1 nymphs per female per day. Threshold temperatures for development in the first through fourth instar and the adult were 8.2, 8.0, 7.2, 6.2 and 7.9°C, respectively. The durations of these stages, expressed as temperature sums above these thresholds, were 24.2, 23.7, 23.0, 25.5 and 168.8 degree-days (D°), respectively. A. gossypii achieved its maximum net reproductive number (24.4 nymphs per female) and greatest intrinsic rate of increase (0.386 d–1) at 25°C. The high relative rate of population increase at 25°C results in a daily population increase of 47% and a doubling time of only 1.8 d, illustrating the tremendous growth capacity of A. gossypii populations under favourable conditions. Compared to literature sources, our source of A. gossypii, fed on cotton, showed a comparatively great heat tolerance.  相似文献
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