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The 54K cellular tumor antigen has been translated in vitro, using messenger ribonucleic acids from simian virus 40 (SV40)-transformed cells or 3T3 cells. The in vitro 54K product could be immunoprecipitated with SV40 tumor serum and had a peptide map that was similar, but not identical, to the in vivo product. The levels of this 54K protein in SV3T3 cells were significantly higher than those detected in 3T3 cells (D. I. H. Linzer, W. Maltzman, and A. J. Levine, Virology 98:308-318, 1979). In spite of this, the levels of translatable 54K messenger ribonucleic acid from 3T3 and SV3T3 cells were roughly equivalent or often greater in 3T3 cells. Pulse-chase experiments with the 54K protein from 3T3 or SV3T3 cells demonstrated that this protein, once synthesized, was rapidly degraded in 3T3 cells but was extremely stable in SV3T3 cells. Similarly, in an SV40 tsA-transformed cell line, temperature sensitive for the SV40 T-antigen, the 54K protein was rapidly turned over at the nonpermissive temperature and stable at the permissive temperature, whereas the levels of translatable 54K messenger ribonucleic acid at each temperature were roughly equal. These results demonstrate a post-translational regulation of the 54K cellular tumor antigen and suggest that this control is mediated by the SV40 large T-antigen.  相似文献
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Elevated levels of the p53 cellular tumor antigen have been previously observed in proliferating and transformed mammalian cells. We found that nontransformed mouse cells treated with either UV light or a UV-mimetic chemical carcinogen exhibited a rapid increase in the amount of p53. This stimulation can be explained, at least in part, on the basis of a post-translational stabilization of p53 which is independent of replicative DNA synthesis, consistent with p53 not being an adventitious product of proliferating cells. The results presented here are interpreted in light of the general hypothesis that p53 is involved in the preparation of mammalian cells for DNA synthesis.  相似文献
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