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1.
U2 RNA shares a structural domain with U1, U4, and U5 RNAs.   总被引:49,自引:9,他引:40       下载免费PDF全文
C Branlant  A Krol  J P Ebel  E Lazar  B Haendler    M Jacob 《The EMBO journal》1982,1(10):1259-1265
We previously reported common structural features within the 3'-terminal regions of U1, U4, and U5 RNAs. To check whether these features also exist in U2 RNA, the primary and secondary structures of the 3'-terminal regions of chicken, pheasant, and rat U2 RNAs were examined. Whereas no difference was observed between pheasant and chicken, the chicken and rat sequences were only 82.5% homologous. Such divergence allowed us to propose a unique model of secondary structure based on maximum base-pairing and secondary structure conservation. The same model was obtained from the results of limited digestion of U2 RNA with various nucleases. Comparison of this structure with those of U1, U4, and U5 RNAs shows that the four RNAs share a common structure designated as domain A, and consisting of a free single-stranded region with the sequence Pu-A-(U)n-G-Pup flanked by two hairpins. The hairpin on the 3' side is very stable and has the sequence Py-N-Py-Gp in the loop. The presence of this common domain is discussed in connection with relationships among U RNAs and common protein binding sites.  相似文献
2.
Nucleotide sequences of nuclear U1A RNAs from chicken, rat and man.   总被引:47,自引:25,他引:22       下载免费PDF全文
The methods of enzymatic and chemical treatment of end-labeled RNA were applied to the determination of the nucleotide sequence of chicken and man U1A RNA and to the reexamination of that of rat U1A RNA. The chemical method allowed the easy demonstration of the cap structure. All three RNA were 165 nucleotide long. Two hitherto non described modified pyrimidines were detected close to the 5' end. Only 9 base substitutions were observed from chicken to man indicating high degree of conservation of U1A RNA through evolution.  相似文献
3.
The conformation of chicken, rat and human U1A RNAs in solution.   总被引:33,自引:18,他引:15       下载免费PDF全文
Chicken, rat and human U1A RNAs in solution, were examined for secondary structure, using several methods including hydrolysis by various nucleases, hybridization to DNA oligomers and analysis of fragment interactions. The experimental results showed that the three U1A RNAs have the same structure, stable over a wide range of pH and ionic conditions. They allowed the selection of one out of several possible models constructed from the data of primary structure. This model is characterized by 4 hairpins and two single-stranded regions, the two hairpins from the 3' part of the molecule bearing very stable stems. In addition, the experimental results showed that in contrast to the 5' half of the molecule, the 3' half has a compact conformation probably stabilized by tertiary interactions. The 5' end of U1A RNA is accessible and free of base-pairing so that it might base-pair with regions of other RNA molecules, for instance, with the extremities of introns as has been recently proposed in a model of splicing.  相似文献
4.
Preparations of chicken, rat and human nuclear 5S RNA contain two sets of molecules. The set with the lowest electrophoretic mobility (5Sa) contains RNAs identical or closely related to ribosomal 5S RNA from the corresponding animal species. In HeLa cells and rat brain, we only detected an RNA identical to the ribosomal 5S RNA. In hen brain and liver, we found other species differing by a limited number of substitutions. The results suggest that mutated 5S genes may be expressed differently according to the cell type. The set with the highest mobility corresponds to U5 RNA. In both rat brain and HeLa cells, U5 RNA was found to be composed of 4 and 5 different molecules respectively (U5A, U5B1-4) differing by a small number of substitutions or insertions. In hen brain, no U5B was detected but U5A' differing from U5A by the absence of the 3'-terminal adenosine. All the U5 RNAs contain the same set of modified nucleotides. They also have the same secondary structure which consists of two hairpins joined together by a 17 nucleotide long single-stranded region. The 3' half of the molecule has a compact conformation. Together, the results suggest that U5 RNAs are transcribed from a multigene family and that mutated genes may be expressed as far as secondary structure is conserved. The conformation of U5 RNA is likely to be related to its function and it is of interest to mention that several similarities of structure are found between U5 and U1A RNA.  相似文献
5.
Overby, L. R. (University of Illinois, Urbana), G. H. Barlow, R. H. Doi, Monique Jacob, and S. Spiegelman. Comparison of two serologically distinct ribonucleic acid bacteriophages. I. Properties of the viral particle. J. Bacteriol. 91:442-448. 1966.-Two ribonucleic acid (RNA) coliphages, MS-2 and Qbeta, have been characterized physically and serologically. MS-2 has an S(20, w) value of 79, a molecular weight of 3.6 x 10(6), a density of 1.422, and pH 3.9 as its isoelectric point. Qbeta has an S(20, w) of 84, a molecular weight of 4.2 x 10(6), a density of 1.439, and an isoelectric point at pH 5.3. One host (Escherichia coli A-19) permits a distinction between the two on the basis of a marked difference in plaque size. They are distinct immunochemically, no serological cross-reaction being detectable.  相似文献
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The 5' splice site sequences of 3294 introns from various organisms (1-672) were analyzed in order to determine the rules governing evolution of this sequence, which may shed light on the mechanism of cleavage at the exon-intron junction. The data indicate that, currently, in all organisms, a common sequence 1GUAAG6U and its derivatives are used as well as an additional sequence and its derivatives, which differ in metazoa (G/1GUgAG6U), lower eucaryotes (1GUAxG6U) and higher plants (AG/1GU3A). They all partly resemble the prototype sequence AG/1GUAAG6U whose 8 contigous nucleotides are complementary to the nucleotides 4-11 of U1RNA, which are perfectly conserved in the course of phylogenetic evolution. Detailed examination of the data shows that U1RNA can recognize different parts of 5' splice sites. As a rule, either prototype nucleotides at position -2 and -1 or at positions 4, 5 or 6 or at positions 3-4 are dispensable provided that the stability of the U1RNA-5' splice site hybrid is conserved. On the basis of frequency of sequences, the optimal size of the hybridizable region is 5-7 nucleotides. Thus, the cleavage at the exon-intron junction seems to imply, first, that the 5' splice site is recognized by U1RNA according to a "variable geometry" program; second, that the precise cleavage site is determined by the conserved sequence of U1RNA since it occurs exactly opposite to the junction between nucleotides C9 and C10 of U1RNA. The variable geometry of the U1RNA-5' splice site association provides flexibility to the system and allows diversification in the course of phylogenetic evolution.  相似文献
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