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1.
Kim SH  Kim HB  Jang MH  Lim BV  Kim YJ  Kim YP  Kim SS  Kim EH  Kim CJ 《Life sciences》2002,71(11):1331-1340
The effects of forced treadmill exercise on cell proliferation and apoptosis in the hippocampal dentate gyrus in Sprague-Dawley rats were investigated. The animals were classified into three groups: the control group, the easy exercise group, and the moderate exercise group. In the control group, rats were left on the treadmill without running for 30 min per day, while rats in the exercise groups were made to run on the treadmill for the same duration. All rats were injected intraperitoneally with 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) one-hour prior to exercise once a day for 7 consecutive days beginning at the start of the exercise regimens. Each of the rats was sacrificed 2 h after the last exercise. Both the easy and moderate exercise groups revealed increased number of BrdU-positive cells in the dentate gyrus compared to the control group. The terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling (TUNEL) assay revealed very few apoptotic cells, with no statistically significant differences among the groups. These results showed that treadmill exercise increases cell proliferation without altering of apoptosis in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus.  相似文献
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We have investigated the wound-healing effects of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in combination with human amniotic membrane (HAM) when grafted into full-thickness skin defects of rabbits. Five defects in each of four groups were respectively treated with HAM loaded with autologous MSCs (group A), HAM loaded with allologous MSCs (group B), HAM with injected autologous MSCs (group C), and HAM with injected allologous MSCs (group D). The size of the wounds was calculated for each group at 7, 12, and 15 days after grafting. The wounds were subsequently harvested at 25 days after grafting. Sections stained with hematoxylin and eosin were used to determine the quality of wound healing, as based on the characteristics and amount of granulated tissue in the epidermal and dermal layers. Groups A and B showed the most pronounced effect on wound closure, with statistically significant improvement in wound healing being seen on post-operative days 7, 12, and 15. Although a slight trend toward improved wound healing was seen in group A compared with group B, no statistically significant difference was found at any time point between the two groups. Histological examination of healed wounds from groups A and B showed a thin epidermis with mature differentiation and collagen bundle deposition plus recovered skin appendages in the dermal layer. In contrast, groups C and D showed thickened epidermis with immature epithelial cells and increased fibroblast proliferation with only partially recovered skin appendages in the dermal layer. Thus, the graft of HAM loaded with MSCs played an effective role during the healing of skin defects in rabbits, with no significant difference being observed in wound healing between autologous and allologous MSC transplantation. This study was supported by research funds from Dong-A University.  相似文献
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ABSTRACT Six noctuid species: Ericeia pertendens (Walker), Nycteola costalis Sugi, Neustrotia albicincta (Hampson), Araeopteron flaccida Inoue, Feliniopisis indistans (Guenée), and Hadula stigmosa (Christoph), are newly recorded in the Korean fauna. The photographs of the adults and their genitalia are given for each species, together with notes on their bionomy and distribution.  相似文献
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Transection of the medial forebrain bundle caused apoptosis of dopamine neurons in the rat substantia nigra. Immunohistochemical localization of activated microglia and tyrosine hydroxylase in the axotomized substantia nigra showed that activation of microglia was rapid and OX-6 (MHC-II marker)-positive and ED1 (lysosomal phagocytic marker)-positive microglia were apposed to structurally intact tyrosine hydroxylase-positive dopamine neurons, indicating microglial phagocytosis of degenerating dopamine neurons. The occurrence of microglial phagocytosis at early stages of apoptosis may indicate the evolution of apoptosis into an irreversible state. Alternatively, interventions that suppress early activation of microglia might lead to novel mechanisms for neuron protection.  相似文献
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Poly(3-hydroxyoctanoate) (PHO) films were treated with plasma of different discharge powers (10-50 W) and then treated with acryl amide solutions in order to prepare films with surfaces that contained different amounts of amide groups. The surfaces were characterized by contact angle measurement, attenuated total reflectance infrared spectroscopy, electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis, and scanning electron microscopy. Results from all these measurements indicated that amide groups were present on the surfaces. The amount of amide groups increased in proportion to the discharge power of the plasma. The interaction of Chinese hamster ovary cells with these grafted surfaces was investigated. The number of cells that adhered to and grew on the surfaces was highest for films grafted at 30 W of plasma discharge power, indicating that the moderate hydrophilicity was optimal for cells to adhere and grow. The present results support the suggestion that acryl amide-grafted PHO could be used as cell-compatible biomedical applications.  相似文献
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In previous reports we demonstrated that ginsenosides, active ingredients of Panax ginseng, affect some subsets of voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels in neuronal cells expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes. However, the major component(s) of ginseng that affect cloned Ca(2+) channel subtypes such as alpha(1C) (L)-, alpha(1B) (N)-, alpha(1A) (P/Q)-, a1E (R)- and a1G (T) have not been identified. Here, we used the two-microelectrode volt-age clamp technique to characterize the effects of ginsenosides and ginsenoside metabolites on Ba(2+) currents (IBa) in Xenopus oocytes expressing five different Ca(2+) channel subtypes. Exposure to ginseng total saponins (GTS) induced voltage-dependent, dose-dependent and reversible inhibition of the five channel subtypes, with particularly strong inhibition of the a1G-type. Of the various ginsenosides, Rb(1), Rc, Re, Rf, Rg(1), Rg(3), and Rh(2), ginsenoside Rg(3) also inhibited all five channel subtypes and ginsenoside Rh(2) had most effect on the a1C- and a1E-type Ca(2+) channels. Compound K (CK), a protopanaxadiol ginsenoside metabolite, strongly inhibited only the a(1G)-type of Ca(2+) channel, whereas M4, a protopanaxatriol ginsenoside metabolite, had almost no effect on any of the channels. Rg(3), Rh(2), and CK shifted the steady-state activation curves but not the inactivation curves in the depolarizing direction in the alpha(1B)- and alpha(1A)-types. These results reveal that Rg(3), Rh(2) and CK are the major inhibitors of Ca(2+) channels in Panax ginseng, and that they show some Ca(2+) channel selectivity.  相似文献
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