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Several chemical constituents are important to the fragrance of cooked rice. However, the chemical compound 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline (AP) is regarded as the most important component of fragrance in the basmati- and jasmine-style fragrant rices. AP is found in all parts of the plant except the roots. It is believed that a single recessive gene is responsible for the production of fragrance in most rice plants. The detection of fragrance can be carried out via sensory or chemical methods, although each has their disadvantages. To overcome these difficulties, we have identified an (AT)40 repeat microsatellite or simple sequence repeat (SSR) marker for fragrant and non-fragrant alleles of the fgr gene. Identification of this marker was facilitated through use of both the publicly available and restricted access sequence information of the Monsanto rice sequence databases. Fifty F2 individuals from a mapping population were genotyped for the polymorphic marker. This marker has a high polymorphism information content (PIC = 0.9). Other SSR markers linked to fragrance could be identified in the same way of use in other populations. This study demonstrates that analysis of the rice genome sequence is an effective option for identification of markers for use in rice improvement.  相似文献
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A Perfect Marker for Fragrance Genotyping in Rice   总被引:12,自引:2,他引:10  
Allele specific amplification (ASA) is a low-cost, robust technique that can be utilised to discriminate between alleles that differ by SNP's, insertions or deletions, within a single PCR tube. Fragrance in rice, a recessive trait, has been shown to be due to an eight bp deletion and three SNP's in a gene on chromosome 8 which encodes a putative betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (BAD2). Here we report a single tube ASA assay which allows discrimination between fragrant and non-fragrant rice varieties and identifies homozygous fragrant, homozygous non-fragrant and heterozygous non-fragrant individuals in a population segregating for fragrance. External primers generate a fragment of approximately 580 bp as a positive control for each sample. Internal and corresponding external primers produce a 355 bp fragment from a non-fragrant allele and a 257 bp fragment from a fragrant allele, allowing simple analysis on agarose gels.  相似文献
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The application of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in plant breeding involves the analysis of a large number of samples, and therefore requires rapid, inexpensive and highly automated multiplex methods to genotype the sequence variants. We have optimized a high-throughput multiplexed SNP assay for eight polymorphisms which explain two agronomic and three grain quality traits in rice. Gene fragments coding for the agronomic traits plant height (semi-dwarf, sd-1 ) and blast disease resistance ( Pi-ta ) and the quality traits amylose content ( waxy ), gelatinization temperature ( alk ) and fragrance ( fgr ) were amplified in a multiplex polymerase chain reaction. A single base extension reaction carried out at the polymorphism responsible for each of these phenotypes within these genes generated extension products which were quantified by a matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight system. The assay detects both SNPs and indels and is co-dominant, simultaneously detecting both homozygous and heterozygous samples in a multiplex system. This assay analyses eight functional polymorphisms in one 5 µL reaction, demonstrating the high-throughput and cost-effective capability of this system. At this conservative level of multiplexing, 3072 assays can be performed in a single 384-well microtitre plate, allowing the rapid production of valuable information for selection in rice breeding.  相似文献
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