首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   23篇
  完全免费   10篇
  1993年   1篇
  1990年   2篇
  1989年   1篇
  1988年   3篇
  1987年   3篇
  1986年   3篇
  1985年   3篇
  1984年   1篇
  1982年   2篇
  1981年   1篇
  1980年   1篇
  1979年   2篇
  1978年   1篇
  1977年   3篇
  1972年   1篇
  1970年   2篇
  1969年   1篇
  1968年   1篇
  1967年   1篇
排序方式: 共有33条查询结果,搜索用时 62 毫秒
1.
2.
3.
4.
Genetic and biochemical consequences of thymidylate stress   总被引:8,自引:0,他引:8  
We have examined the genetic and biochemical consequences of thymidylate stress in haploid and diploid strains of the simple eukaryote Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Bakers' yeast). Previously we reported that inhibition of dTMP biosynthesis causes "thymineless death" and is highly recombinagenic, but apparently not mutagenic, at the nuclear level; however, it is mutagenic for mitochondria. Concurrent provision of dTMP abolishes these effects. Conversely, excess dTMP is highly mutagenic for nuclear genes. It is likely that DNA strand breaks are responsible for the recombinagenic effects of thymidylate deprivation; such breaks could be produced by reiterative uracil incorporation and excision in DNA repair patches. In our experiments, thymidylate stress was produced both by starving dTMP auxotrophs for the required nucleotide and also by blocking de novo synthesis of thymidylate by various antimetabolites. We found that the antifolate methotrexate is a potent inducer of mitotic recombination (both gene conversion and mitotic crossing-over). This suggests that the gene amplification associated with methotrexate resistance in mammalian cells could arise, in part, by unequal sister-chromatid exchange induced by thymidylate stress. In addition, several sulfa drugs, which impede de novo folate biosynthesis, also have considerable recombinagenic activity.  相似文献
5.
The ultraviolet (UV) sensitivity of Escherichia coli B/r harvested at various times during growth in batch cultures was measured. The results showed a period of increased UV sensitivity in late log phase, just before the cultures entered stationary phase. This increase in sensitivity was associated with a decreased shoulder in the UV survival curves. The postirradiation division delay of survivors was shortest for cells harvested during the period of maximal sensitivity. This period of increased UV sensitivity during late log phase was not found in the radiation-sensitive, repair-deficient mutant B(s-1) (a strain which is unable to excise pyrimidine dimers from UV-damaged deoxyribonucleic acid). These results suggest that the variation in UV sensitivity of E. coli B/r as a function of time of harvesting of the cells from batch cultures is related to the varying capacities of these populations to repair UV-damaged deoxyribonucleic acid. Further experiments designed to elucidate the mechanism underlying this variation in UV sensitivity indicated that it arises from the partial depletion of nutrients in the medium during late log phase. We suggest that growth in such depleted media leads to a depression in the intercellular concentration or activity of one or more of the repair enzymes concerned with the repair of damaged deoxyribonucleic acid.  相似文献
6.
The structural gene (TMP1) for yeast thymidylate synthetase (thymidylate synthase; EC 2.1.1.45) was isolated from a chimeric plasmid bank by genetic complementation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Retransformation of the dTMP auxotroph GY712 and a temperature-sensitive mutant (cdc21) with purified plasmid (pTL1) yielded Tmp+ transformants at high frequency. In addition, the plasmid was tested for the ability to complement a bacterial thyA mutant that lacks functional thymidylate synthetase. Although it was not possible to select Thy+ transformants directly, it was found that all pTL1 transformants were phenotypically Thy+ after several generations of growth in nonselective conditions. Thus, yeast thymidylate synthetase is biologically active in Escherichia coli. Thymidylate synthetase was assayed in yeast cell lysates by high-pressure liquid chromatography to monitor the conversion of [6-3H]dUMP to [6-3H]dTMP. In protein extracts from the thymidylate auxotroph (tmp1-6) enzymatic conversion of dUMP to dTMP was barely detectable. Lysates of pTL1 transformants of this strain, however, had thymidylate synthetase activity that was comparable to that of the wild-type strain.  相似文献
7.
dUTP pyrophosphatase (dUTPase; EC 3.6.1.23) catalyses the hydrolysis of dUTP to dUMP and PPi and thereby prevents the incorporation of uracil into DNA during replication. Although it is widely believed that dUTPase is essential for cell viability because of this role, direct evidence supporting this assumption has not been presented for any eukaryotic system. We have analysed the role of dUTPase (DUT1) in the life cycle of yeast. Using gene disruption and tetrad analysis, we find that DUT1 is necessary for the viability of S. cerevisiae; however, under certain conditions dut1 null mutants survive if supplied with exogenous thymidylate (dTMP). Analyses with isogenic uracil-DNA-glycosylase (UNG1) deficient or proficient strains indicate that in the absence of dUTPase, cell death results from the incorporation of uracil into DNA and the attempted repair of this damage by UNG1-mediated excision repair. However, in dut1 ung1 double mutants, starvation for dTMP causes dividing cells to arrest and die in all phases of the cell cycle. This latter effect suggests that the extensive stable substitution of uracil for thymine in DNA leads to a general failure in macromolecular synthesis. These results are in general agreement with previous models in thymine-less death that implicate dUTP metabolism. They also suggest an alternative approach for chemotherapeutic drug design.  相似文献
8.
9.
10.
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号