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A panel of seven monoclonal antibodies against the relatively conserved CD4-binding domain on human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gp120 was generated by immunizing mice with purified gp120. These monoclonal antibodies reacted specifically with gp120 in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western blots (immunoblots). By using synthetic peptides as antigens in the immunosorbent assay, the epitopes of these seven monoclonal antibodies were mapped to amino acid residues 423 to 437 of gp120. Further studies with radioimmunoprecipitation assays showed that they cross-reacted with both gp120 and gp160 of diverse HIV-1 isolates (HTLV-IIIB, HTLV-IIIRF, HTLV-IIIAL, and HTLV-IIIWMJ). They also bound specifically to H9 cells infected with HTLV-IIIB, HTLV-IIIRF, HTLV-IIIAL, HTLV-IIIZ84, and HTLV-IIIZ34 in indirect immunofluorescence studies. In addition, they blocked effectively the binding of HIV-1 to CD4+ C8166 cells. Despite the similarity of these properties, the monoclonal antibodies differed in neutralizing activity against HTLV-IIIB, HTLV-IIIRF, and HTLV-IIIAL, as demonstrated in both syncytium-forming assays and infectivity assays. Our findings suggest that these group-specific monoclonal antibodies to the putative CD4-binding domain on gp120 are potential candidates for development of therapeutic agents against acquired immunodeficiency disease syndrome.  相似文献
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The viral particles present in a nonproducer rat neoplasm induced by murine sarcoma virus (MSV) Moloney isolate, as detected by electron microscopy, were found to be biologically active on normal kidney cells of random-bred Osborne-Mendel rats. The virus is designated here as MSV (0). MSV (0) differs from other pseudotypes of MSV in its host range, antigenicity, and interference pattern.  相似文献
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A new DNA polymerase and DNase activity were identified from cells infected with human B-lymphotropic herpesvirus (HBLV). DNA polymerase associated with HBLV infection was similar in its sensitivity to inhibition by ppi analogs as other herpesvirus-specific DNA polymerases but was dissimilar in its inhibition by certain nucleoside triphosphates.  相似文献
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The interaction of polyoma virus and human cells was investigated. Abortive infection as evidenced by the synthesis of T-antigen was observed in normal fibroblast and abnormal (transformed) cells but not in normal epithelial cells. A high percentage of simian virus 40-transformed WI-18 Va2 and spontaneously transformed BE skin cells produced T-antigen after high-multiplicity infection, but most of the cells rapidly lost antigen-producing capacity upon cell passage, and the cultures became negative by passage 3. All fibroblast cells displayed varying degrees of susceptibility to infection, but most of the cell lines became negative for T-antigen except for two. In one, T-antigen persisted in a small percentage of the cells throughout the lifetime of the culture, without cellular transformation occurring. In the other, the entire culture became morphologically transformed and eventually consisted of 100% T-antigen-positive cells. This is the first time that normal diploid human fibroblast cells have been transformed by polyoma virus.  相似文献
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