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A systematic analysis of the RNA splice junction sequences of eukaryotic protein coding genes was carried out using the GENBANK databank. Nucleotide frequencies obtained for the highly conserved regions around the splice sites for different categories of organisms closely agree with each other. A striking similarity among the rare splice junctions which do not contain AG at the 3' splice site or GT at the 5' splice site indicates the existence of special mechanisms to recognize them, and that these unique signals may be involved in crucial gene-regulation events and in differentiation. A method was developed to predict potential exons in a bare sequence, using a scoring and ranking scheme based on nucleotide weight tables. This method was used to find a majority of the exons in selected known genes, and also predicted potential new exons which may be used in alternative splicing situations.  相似文献
2.
Continued passage of the human parvovirus, adeno-associated virus (AAV), at high multiplicity of infection in human cells results in the accumulation of AAV particles containing variant genomes. We have analyzed the structure of individual variant AAV genomes by molecular cloning in the Escherichia coli plasmid, pBR328. Each of the AAV inserts in six individual recombinant plasmids contained a single internal deletion but in contrast to a previous model, the locations of the deletions were nonrandom. The molecular cloning protocol also generated recombinant plasmids containing the entire AAV2 DNA sequence which yielded infectious AAV particles when transfected into human 293 cells in the presence of helper adenovirus using a DEAE-transfection procedure. Infectious AAV genomes were also generated by recombination when cells were jointly transfected with a mixture of plasmids containing two different mutant AAV genomes. The efficiency of this recombination appear to be influenced by the degree of homology between the mutant AAV genomes.  相似文献
3.
An intermediate stage in the process of eukaryotic RNA splicing is the formation of a lariat structure. It is anchored at an adenosine residue in intron between 10 and 50 nucleotides upstream of the 3' splice site. A short conserved sequence (the branch point sequence) functions as the recognition signal for the site of lariat formation. It has been generally assumed that the branch point is recognized mainly by the presence of its unique sequence where the lariat is formed. However, the known branch point consensus sequence is found to be distributed nearly randomly throughout the gene sequence with only a slightly higher frequency in the expected lariat region. Further, the known consensus sequence is found to be clearly inadequate to specify branch points. These observations have implications for understanding the mechanism of branch point recognition in the process of splicing, and the possible evolution of the branch point signal.  相似文献
4.
Automated preparation of DNA sequences for publication.   总被引:9,自引:0,他引:9       下载免费PDF全文
A computer program which draws DNA sequences is described. A simple method is used which enables the user to highlight or annotate specific parts of a sequence. The sizes of the characters in the sequence to be drawn are specified by the user. In addition, vertical spacing between lines and horizontal spacing between characters can be specified. Sequences can be prepared and high quality output produced on a plotter in a short period of time, making the program advantageous to use over typing, computer printing, or preparation by a graphics department.  相似文献
5.
Isopentenyl adenosine antibodies useful in the investigations of the "cytokinin" functions of isopentenyl adenosine were purified by affinity chromatography. Using different affinity columns, the antibodies were purified to near complete purity. Analyses of the purified proteins revealed the presence of isopentenyl adenosine binding proteins in normal rabbit serum, which presence supports a suggested role for isopentenyl adenosine and its related compounds in animal cell division in vivo.  相似文献
6.
A cytokinin-binding protein fraction was isolated from normal rabbit sera by affinity chromatography. The protein fraction bound tritium labelled N6- (δ2-risopentenyl) adenosine and the order of inhibition of this binding by competing non-radioactive compounds was, N6-(δ2-isopentenyl) adenosine < N6-benzyIadenosine < zeatin-riboside > N6-(δ2-isopentenyl) adenine < kinetin riboside > adenosine. The protein fraction showed broad specificity, the prefered cytokinin being N6-(δ2-isopentenyl) adenosine. This is the first report of the isolation of cytokinin binding proteins from mammalian sources.  相似文献
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