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排序方式: 共有29条查询结果,搜索用时 33 毫秒
1.
High resolution two-dimensional electrophoresis of proteins.   总被引:2163,自引:0,他引:2163  
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The sequence specificity of homeodomain-DNA interaction   总被引:89,自引:0,他引:89  
C Desplan  J Theis  P H O'Farrell 《Cell》1988,54(7):1081-1090
The Drosophila developmental gene, engrailed, encodes a sequence-specific DNA binding activity. Using deletion constructs expressed as fusion proteins in E. coli, we localized this activity to the conserved homeodomain (HD). The binding site consensus, TCAATTAAAT, is found in clusters in the engrailed regulatory region. Weak binding of the En HD to one copy of a synthetic consensus is enhanced by adjacent copies. The distantly related HD encoded by fushi tarazu binds to the same sites as the En HD, but differs in its preference for related sites. Both HDs bind a second type of sequence, a repeat of TAA. The similarity in sequence specificity of En and Ftz HDs suggests that, within families of DNA binding proteins, close relatives will exhibit similar specificities. Competition among related regulatory proteins might govern which protein occupies a given binding site and consequently determine the ultimate effect of cis-acting regulatory sites.  相似文献
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The roles of Drosophila cyclins A and B in mitotic control   总被引:51,自引:0,他引:51  
C F Lehner  P H O'Farrell 《Cell》1990,61(3):535-547
We have cloned, sequenced, and characterized the expression of a Drosophila cyclin B gene. The independent evolutionary conservation of A- and B-type cyclins implies that they have distinct roles. Indeed, in mutant embryos deficient in cyclin A, cells that accumulate only cyclin B do not enter mitosis. Thus, in vivo, cyclin B is not sufficient for mitosis. Furthermore, we find that the two cyclins are coexpressed in all proliferating cells throughout development. Though lacking a formal demonstration that cyclin B is essential as it is in other organisms, we propose that each of these proteins fulfills a distinct and essential role in the cell cycle.  相似文献
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C F Lehner  P H O'Farrell 《Cell》1989,56(6):957-968
Cyclin proteins are thought to trigger entry into mitosis. During mitosis they are rapidly degraded. Therefore, mitosis and consequently cyclin degradation might be triggered at a time when cyclins have reaccumulated to a critical level. We cloned and sequenced a Drosophila cyclin A homolog and identified mutations in the corresponding gene. Immunofluorescent staining revealed that cyclin A accumulates in the interphase cytoplasm of cellularized embryos, but relocates to the nuclear region early in prophase and is completely degraded within metaphase. Cyclin A was expressed in dividing cells throughout development, and a functional cyclin A gene was required for continued division after exhaustion of maternally contributed cyclin A. Importantly, the timing of post cellularization divisions was not governed by the rate of accumulation or level of cyclin A.  相似文献
6.
Genetic control of cell division patterns in the Drosophila embryo   总被引:45,自引:0,他引:45  
B A Edgar  P H O'Farrell 《Cell》1989,57(1):177-187
7.
Engrailed is required to establish and maintain developmental compartments within each segment of the fly. To understand the role of the engrailed protein in this process, we have raised antibodies against engrailed and have visualized an engrailed protein in embryos by indirect immunofluorescence. The protein accumulates in the nucleus, supporting the notion that engrailed is a regulatory factor. The first pattern of expression is in alternating segments followed by expression in every segment, suggesting that engrailed may be responding to pair-rule segmentation gene products. Overall, engrailed protein levels peak in areas undergoing morphogenesis. Finally, the complex final form of the head and terminalia derive from earlier simple subdivision of these areas into developmental fields by engrailed.  相似文献
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Two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis is used to visualize the regulatory subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase from cultured S49 mouse lymphoma cells and to demonstrate its in vivo phosphorylation. Regulatory subunits from mutant cells with altered kinases exhibit at least two patterns of charge shifts consistent with substitutions of single amino acids. The direct demonstration of structural alteration of this protein provides strong evidence for structural gene mutation in this cultured cell system. While mutant and wild-type gene products co-exist in the mutant cells, there is apparently preferential expression and phosphorylation of mutant subunit in these heterozygotes.  相似文献
10.
P Léopold  P H O'Farrell 《Cell》1991,66(6):1207-1216
We have isolated two Drosophila cDNA clones that rescue Saccharomyces cerevisiae deficient in CLN functions. One of these clones is the Drosophila homolog of the cdc2 gene. The second encodes a distant and new member of the cyclin family of proteins, cyclin C. It is highly homologous (72% identity) to a human clone isolated in a similar screen. Yeast cells rescued by a plasmid constitutively expressing this Drosophila cyclin C are unusually small, consistent with an unregulated high level of G1 cyclin function. Sequence comparisons identified regions conserved among the more distantly related cyclins. Based on these conserved elements, we identified homology between cyclins and the ras oncogene.  相似文献
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