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1.
A new method of total RNA isolation by a single extraction with an acid guanidinium thiocyanate-phenol-chloroform mixture is described. The method provides a pure preparation of undegraded RNA in high yield and can be completed within 4 h. It is particularly useful for processing large numbers of samples and for isolation of RNA from minute quantities of cells or tissue samples.  相似文献
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One-hour downward alkaline capillary transfer for blotting of DNA and RNA.   总被引:35,自引:0,他引:35  
The downward alkaline capillary transfer of DNA and RNA from agarose gel to a hybridization membrane was performed using a transfer solution containing 3 M NaCl and 8 mM NaOH. Under mild alkaline conditions, DNA and RNA were completely eluted from the agarose gel and bound to a hybridization membrane within 1 h. On the basis of this new method of transfer a blotting protocol, downward alkaline blotting, was elaborated. It provides a fast and efficient alternative to commonly used Southern and Northern blotting protocols. The downward alkaline blotting of DNA and RNA can be completed in 2.5 and 1.5 h, respectively, and can be used with both plastic and nitrocellulose membranes. In addition, the downward alkaline blotting protocol allows for a hybridization efficiency of DNA and RNA higher than that of the standard blotting protocols performed at neutral pH.  相似文献
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Alkaline transfer of DNA to plastic membrane   总被引:34,自引:0,他引:34  
DNA forms a stable complex with Gene Screen Plus membrane at alkaline pH. Based on this, a method of alkaline transfer of DNA from agarose gel to Gene Screen Plus membrane was elaborated. The procedure entails the use of 0.4 M NaOH for both, the DNA denaturation and DNA transfer steps. The alkaline transfer offers a higher hybridization efficiency and simplifies the transfer procedure as compared with the standard method of DNA transfer at neutral pH. In addition, it can be used to remove RNA contamination from the transferred DNA.  相似文献
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We have isolated and cloned the full length cDNA for mouse GH-releasing hormone (mGRH) from mouse hypothalamus using a recently described strategy involving the polymerase chain reaction technique (PCR). Degenerate oligonucleotide primers were selected based on short (six amino acids) conserved regions in the human and rat GRH peptides that would recognize DNA sequences encoding similar amino acids regardless of codon usage. Primer-extended cDNA was amplified by PCR on cDNA templates prepared by reverse transcribing total mouse hypothalamic RNA. After cloning and sequencing the initial product, the 3' and 5' ends of mGRH were generated using a separate PCR strategy (RACE protocol). The mGRH cDNA encodes a 103-amino acid reading frame, structurally similar to the human and rat GRH genes, containing a signal sequence, a 42-residue GRH peptide, and a 31-residue C-terminal region. Although the structures of mouse and rat GRH are highly conserved in the signal peptide and C-terminal region, there is considerable diversity in the GRH region, which exhibits nearly comparable homology with the rat (68%) and human (62%) structures. Differences between mouse and rat GRH were also found in the amino acid cleavage sites at the 5' and 3' ends of the mature peptide and at the polyadenylation signal.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)  相似文献
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The role of thyroid hormone and GH in the regulation of hypothalamic GH-releasing hormone (GRH) gene expression in the rat was examined after the induction of thyroid hormone deficiency by thyroidectomy. Thyroidectomy resulted in a time-dependent decrease in hypothalamic GRH content, which was significant by 2 weeks postoperatively, and a reduction in pituitary GH content to 1% of the control level by 4 weeks. In contrast, GRH secretion by incubated hypothalami under both basal and K(+)-stimulated conditions was increased after thyroidectomy. Hypothalamic GRH mRNA levels also exhibited a time-dependent increase, which was significant at 1 week and maximal by 2 weeks after thyroidectomy. Administration of antirat GH serum to thyroidectomized rats resulted in a further increase in GRH mRNA levels. T4 treatment of thyroidectomized rats for 5 days, which also partially restored pituitary GH content, lowered the elevated GRH mRNA levels. However, comparable effects on GRH mRNA levels were observed by rat GH treatment alone. These results suggest that the changes in hypothalamic GRH gene expression after thyroidectomy in the rat are due to the GH deficiency caused by thyroidectomy, rather than a direct effect of thyroid hormone on the hypothalamus, since the changes were reversible by GH alone despite persistent thyroid hormone deficiency. In addition, they further support the role of GH as a physiological negative feedback regulator of GRH gene expression.  相似文献
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Activity of glucocorticoid receptor in mouse mammary cytosol changes during lactogenesis. The highest receptor activity is observed in the second half of pregnancy. The receptor from mammary glands from lactating and pregnant mice exhibits the same sedimentation pattern, as well as the same specificity and affinity for binding of steroid hormones.  相似文献
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It is demonstrated that the accumulation of 42 K casein mRNA in mammary tissue from adrenalectomized, virgin rats is almost 20x higher in the presence of exogenous hydrocortisone than in its absence. Accumulation of 25 K casein mRNA in this tissue is totally dependent on the steroid. The results indicate a much greater dependency on hydrocortisone than was appreciated previously, and also show that this dependency does not reflect a loss of cell viability in the absence of the steroid.  相似文献
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