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We have developed 18 hybridoma cell lines which secrete murine monoclonal strain-specific antibodies to prototype strains of Rickettsia tsutsugamushi: nine anti-Gilliam, four anti-Karp and five anti-Kato antibodies. All the monoclonal antibodies reacted only with their homologous strains in direct and indirect immunofluorescence (IF), or indirect immunoperoxidase (IP) test. By IF and IP tests with the monoclonal antibodies, 22 strains of R. tsutsugamushi, which were newly isolated from mites, field rodents and patients with Tsutsugamushi disease (scrub typhus) in Japan, were all clearly identified as either Gilliam or Karp type. Analysis by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and immunoblotting techniques revealed that the monoclonal antibodies recognized primarily the polypeptides of an apparent molecular weight of 54 to 56 kilodaltons of the homologous rickettsial surface. The monoclonal antibodies produced in the present study should enhance the serotyping and further analytical investigation of the rickettsial antigens since they recognize the strain- or type-specific polypeptides and do not show any cross-reaction among strains.  相似文献
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cDNA clones coding for rat liver ribosomal proteins S17 and L30 have been isolated by positive hybridization-translation assay from a cDNA library prepared from 8-9S poly(A)+RNA from free polysomes of regenerating rat liver. The cDNA clone specific for S17 protein (pRS17-2) has a 466-bp insert with the poly(A) tail. The complete amino acid (aa) sequence of S17 protein was deduced from the nucleotide sequence of the cDNA. S17 protein consists of 134 aa residues with an Mr of 15 377. The N-terminal aa sequence of S17 protein determined by automatic Edman degradation is consistent with the sequence data. The aa sequence of S17 shows strong homology (76.9%) to that of yeast ribosomal protein 51 [Teem and Rosbash, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 80 (1983) 4403-4407] in the two-thirds N-terminal region. The cDNA clone specific for L30 protein (pRL30) has a 394-bp insert. The aa sequence of L30 protein was deduced from the nucleotide sequence of the cDNA. The protein consists of 114 aa residues with an Mr of 12 652. When compared with the N-terminal aa sequence of rat liver L30 protein [Wool, Annu. Rev. Biochem. 48 (1979) 719-754], pRL30 was found not to contain the initiation codon and 5'-noncoding region. The cDNA showed twelve silent changes in the coding region, one point mutation and one base deletion in the 3'-noncoding region, compared with mouse genomic DNA for L30 protein [Wiedemann and Perry, Mol. Cell Biol. 4 (1984) 2518-2528].  相似文献
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To examine whether serine proteases of rat liver chromatin are also involved in the degradation of newly synthesized and unbound ribosomal proteins and histones, like the nuclear thiol protease which we reported previously (Tsurugi, K. & Ogata, K. (1979) Eur. J. Biochem. 101, 205-213), in vivo experiments were carried out with serine protease inhibitor, PMSF. The following results were obtained. When normal rats received an intraperitoneal injection of PMSF (10 mg per 100 g body weight), nuclear serine proteases were inhibited almost completely for at least 90 min. PMSF did not affect the synthesis of proteins and RNAs of ribosomes and other subcellular fractions. The effects of PMSF treatment in vivo on the degradation of newly synthesized ribosomal proteins and histones in regenerating rat liver pretreated with a low dose of actinomycin D, which preferentially inhibited rRNA synthesis, were examined by using the double-isotope method. It was found that PMSF treatment did not affect their degradation. On the other hand, administration of E-64, a thiol protease inhibitor, to partially hepatectomized rats inhibited the degradation of those proteins markedly. From these results, it is concluded that the nuclear thiol protease, but not serine proteases, is preferentially involved in the degradation of newly synthesized ribosomal proteins and histones which are not associated with rRNA and DNA, respectively.  相似文献
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