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A collection of 196 spontaneous mutations in the SUP4-o gene of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae was analyzed by DNA sequencing. The classes of mutation identified included all possible types of base-pair substitution, deletions of various lengths, complex alterations involving multiple changes, and insertions of transposable elements. Our findings demonstrate that at least several different mechanisms are responsible for spontaneous mutagenesis in S. cerevisiae.  相似文献
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Development of a yeast system to assay mutational specificity   总被引:11,自引:0,他引:11  
We have developed a system wherein DNA alterations occurring in a target gene in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae can be determined by DNA sequencing. The target gene, SUP4-o, an ochre suppressor allele of a yeast tyrosine tRNA gene, has been inserted into a shuttle vector (YCpMP2) which is maintained in yeast at a copy number of one per cell Mutations in SUP4-o are selected by virtue of their inactivation of suppressor activity. Rapid DNA preparations from these mutants are used to transform an appropriate bacterial strain. Since YCpMP2 also carries the M13 phage replication origin, superinfection of bacterial cells containing the plasmid with wild-type M13 phage yields single stranded YCpMP2 DNA suitable for dideoxynucleotide chain termination sequencing. We have used this system to examine mutations arising spontaneously in the SUP4-o gene. The spontaneous mutants occurred at a frequency of 3.2 X 10(-6)/viable cell, corresponding to a rate of 2.7 X 10(-7) events/cell division. Following bacterial transformation, 16% of the recovered plasmids tested displayed altered gel mobility consistent with loss of significant portions of the plasmid. Hybridization analysis of total yeast DNA and use of purified YCpMP2 revealed that these very large deletions were not generated in yeast but were associated with bacterial transformation. Among the SUP4-o mutants analyzed by DNA sequencing, we identified each type of single base pair substitution (transitions and transversions), small deletions of varying length (1-32 base pairs) and more extensive deletions of undetermined size. These results demonstrate that the SUP4-o system can be used to detect various types of mutation at numerous sites in a single eukaryotic gene and to characterize the DNA sequence changes responsible for the mutations selected.  相似文献
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