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Injection of conventional or axenic weanling mice with potent sheep or goat antibody to mouse interferon alpha/beta resulted in a decrease in the basal level of 2-5A synthetase in resting peritoneal macrophages and rendered these cells permissive for vesicular stomatitis virus. There was a good inverse correlation between the level of 2-5A synthetase in peritoneal macrophages and the permissivity of these cells for vesicular stomatitis virus. The peritoneal macrophages of 1- and 2-week-old mice had low levels of 2-5A synthetase and were permissive for vesicular stomatitis virus, whereas at 3 weeks (and after) there was a marked increase in the level of 2-5A synthetase in peritoneal macrophages, and these cells were no longer permissive for vesicular stomatitis virus. We suggest that low levels of interferon alpha or beta or both are produced in normal mice, and that this interferon contributes to host defense by inducing and maintaining an antiviral state in some cells.  相似文献
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Cytokines such as interferons (IFN), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleukins (IL), and growth factors are suggested to occupy a central position in a putative network of cytokine interactions in vivo which act to maintain homeostasis in normal tissues. Recent results suggest that specific interferon genes are transcribed at low levels in the organs of normal individuals in the apparent absence of virus infection while other interferon genes remain unexpressed in the same tissues. In contrast, the genes of cytokines such as IL-1, TNF, and IFN beta-2/IL-6 appear to be regulated in vivo in a manner quite distinct from that of interferon genes as these cytokines are expressed at high levels in the spleen, liver, and peripheral blood leukocytes of normal individuals. The localized production and action of a cytokine could provide a mean of attaining specificity of action for multifunctional cytokines. Thus under physiological conditions the activity expressed by a particular cytokine may be determined by tissue specific interactions which may in turn be influenced by other cytokines. Abnormal production of a particular cytokine would lead to a perturbation of homeostasis and may contribute to the pathogenesis of certain autoimmune or inflammatory diseases.  相似文献
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Treatment of Daudi or HeLa cells with human interferon (IFN) alpha 8 before induction with either poly(I)-poly(C) or Sendai virus resulted in an 8- to 100-fold increase in IFN production. The extent of priming in Daudi cells paralleled the increase in the intracellular content of IFN-beta mRNA. IFN-alpha mRNA remained undetectable in poly(I)-poly(C)-treated Daudi cells either before or after priming. An IFN-resistant clone of Daudi cells was found to produce 4- to 20-fold more IFN after priming, indicating that priming was unrelated to the phenotype of IFN sensitivity. IFN treatment of either Daudi or HeLa cells transfected with the human IFN-beta promoter (-282 to -37) linked to the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) gene resulted in an increase in CAT activity after induction with poly(I)-poly(C) or Sendai virus. A synthetic double-stranded oligonucleotide corresponding to an authentic 30-base-pair (bp) region of the human IFN-beta promoter between positions -91 and -62 was found to confer virus inducibility upon the reporter CAT gene in HeLa cells. IFN treatment of HeLa cells transfected with this 30-bp region of the IFN-beta promoter in either the correct or reversed orientation also increased CAT activity upon subsequent induction. IFN treatment alone had no detectable effect on the activity of either the 30-bp region or the complete human IFN promoter.  相似文献
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A murine alpha interferon pseudogene was identified in a mouse genomic library. The nucleotide sequence revealed several in-phase termination codons within the gene and repetitive oligonucleotides in the flanking regions. The nucleotide sequences and the amino acids of the peptide signal sequences were compared with known human alpha interferon genes and the pseudogene.  相似文献
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We have expressed a recombinant mouse interferon alpha (r.Mu-IFN alpha 2) in Escherichia coli under the control of a tryptophan promoter using a synthetic adaptor formed by annealing two partially complementary oligonucleotides which introduced an ATG start codon and re-established the complete coding sequence of the mature IFN alpha 2 protein in the expression vector. Levels of up to 10(7) reference units of Mu-IFN alpha 2 per liter of culture were obtained using this construction. This recombinant mouse interferon alpha 2 exhibited antiviral activity in mice infected with EMC virus and antitumor activity in mice inoculated with Friend leukemia cells in a manner similar to that of natural mouse interferon alpha/beta.  相似文献
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