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1.
A phi 29 DNA fragment containing gene 6, required for DNA replication, has been cloned in plasmid pPLc28 under the control of the PL promoter of phage lambda. A polypeptide with an electrophoretic mobility close to that of p6 was labelled with 35S-methionine after heat induction. This protein, representing about 4% of the total E. coli protein after 1 h of induction, was obtained in a highly purified form. The protein was characterized as p6 by amino acid analysis and NH2-and COOH-terminal sequence determination. Protein p6 has an apparent molecular weight of 23,600, suggesting that the native form of the protein is a dimer. The purified protein p6 stimulated the protein-primed initiation of phi 29 DNA replication when added to purified proteins p2 (phi 29-coded DNA polymerase) and p3 (terminal protein).  相似文献
2.
Thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) present in several brain areas has been proposed as a neuromodulator. Its administration produces opposite effects to those observed with acute ethanol consumption. Opioid peptides, in contrast, have been proposed to mediate some of the effects of alcohol intoxication. We measured TRH content and the levels of its mRNA in hypothalamic and limbic zones 1–24 h after acute ethanol injection. We report here fast and transient changes in the content of TRH and its mRNA in these areas. The levels of proenkephalin mRNA varied differently from those of proTRH mRNA, depending on the time and region studied. Wistar rats were administered one dose of ethanol (intraperitoneal, 3 g/kg body weight) and brains dissected in hypothalamus, hippocampus, amygdala, n. accumbens and frontal cortex, for TRH quantification by radioimmunoassay or for proTRH mRNA measurement by RT-PCR. After 1 h injection, TRH levels were increased in hippocampus and decreased in n. accumbens; after 4 h, it decreased in the hypothalamus, frontal cortex and amygdala, recovering to control values in all regions at 24 h. ProTRH mRNA levels increased at 1 h post-injection in total hypothalamus and hippocampus, while they decreased in the frontal cortex. The effect of ethanol was also studied in primary culture of hypothalamic cells; a fast and transient increase in proTRH mRNA was observed at 1 h of incubation (0.001% final ethanol concentration). Changes in the mRNA levels of proTRH and proenkephalin were quantified by in situ hybridization in rats administered ethanol intragastrically (2.5 g/kg). Opposite alterations were observed for these two mRNAs in hippocampus and frontal cortex, while in n. accumbens and the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus, both mRNA levels were increased but with different kinetics. These results give support for TRH and enkephalin neurons as targets of ethanol and, as possible mediators of some of its observed behavioral effects.  相似文献
3.
I Prieto  E Méndez  M Salas 《Gene》1989,77(2):195-204
Unit-length phi 29 DNA was not synthesized after restrictive infection of Bacillus subtilis with the phi 29 mutant sus1(629) indicating that the phage phi 29 protein p1 is needed for the viral DNA replication. Sequencing of the ORF-6 of mutant sus1(629) showed that a C in the wild-type (wt) phage had been changed to a T at nt position 19 of the ORF-6, giving rise to a TAA ochre codon, indicating that this ORF corresponds to gene 1. ORF-6 was cloned in plasmid pPLc28 under the control of the pL promoter of phage lambda and, after induction, a protein of about 10 kDa was overproduced, which was absent in the corresponding cells harbouring a recombinant plasmid with the sus1(629) mutation, indicating that the 10-kDa protein is the product of gene 1. In addition, a protein of lower Mr was synthesized after induction of the cells harbouring recombinant plasmids with the wt or the sus1(629) DNA. Both proteins were purified and characterized by N-terminal sequence determination and amino acid analysis. The low-Mr protein, named delta 1, has a size of 6 kDa and corresponds to an internal in-phase initiation event in ORF-6.  相似文献
4.
5.
A 6-kb region from the chromosome of Streptomyces antibioticus, an oleandomycin producer, was cloned and sequenced. This region was located between the 3′ end of the gene encoding the third subunit of the oleandomycin type I polyketide synthase and the oleP and oleB genes, which encode a cytochrome P450 monooxygenase and an oleandomycin resistance gene, respectively. Analysis of the nucleotide sequence revealed the presence of five genes encoding a cytochrome P450-like protein (oleP1), two glycosyltransferases (oleG1 and oleG2) involved in the transfer of the two 6-deoxysugars (L-oleandrose and D-desosamine) to the oleandomycin macrolactone ring, a methyltransferase (oleM1), and a gene (oleY) of unknown function. Insertional inactivation of this region by gene disruption generated an oleandomycin non-producing mutant which accumulated a compound that, according to mass spectrometry analysis, could correspond to the oleandomycin macrolactone ring (oleandolide), suggesting that the mutation affects oleandrosyl glycosyltransferase. Received: 3 December 1997 / Accepted: 12 May 1998  相似文献
6.
Erythrocyte uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase (UROD) activity was measured to classify 118 Spanish patients with porphyria cutanea tarda (PCT) into three subtypes: sporadic-, familial- and type III-PCT. Seventy-four patients (63%) had eythrocyte UROD activity within the normal range (74% to 126% of the mean activity of 43 healthy controls) and were classified as sporadic-PCT (47%) or as type III-PCT (16%) whenever a family history of PCT was documented. Forty-four patients (37%) had decreased UROD activity and were classified as familial-PCT. The frequency of both familial-PCT and type III-PCT was higher than reported in other countries. The clinical expression of PCT was associated with the coexistence of two or more risk factors in 80% of the sporadic-PCT patients and in 89% of the familial-PCT patients. Hepatitis C virus and alcohol abuse were risk factors frequently found in these patients, being unrelated to age of onset of skin lesions. A heavy alcohol intake was the main risk factor for type III-PCT. Estrogens appeared as a precipitating factor for women with familial-PCT. The H63D mutation in the hemochromatosis type 1 gene was more frequently found than the C282Y mutation. Both mutations appeared to play a role as precipitating factors in sporadic-PCT when associated with hepatitis C virus infection and alcohol abuse.  相似文献
7.
Late-onset drinking is a common problem in elderly people related to stress induced by social isolation. Experiments were performed in order to evaluate the effects of alprazolam, a benzodiazepine agonist anxiolytic, on the free-choice ethanol consumption in aged rats subjected to isolation stress. The animals we offered a two-bottle choice consumption (one of 0.2% saccharin and the other with 10% ethanol/0.2% saccharin) and then exposed to 4 days of isolation stress on an irregular, unpredictable schedule. Stress resulted in significant increase in ethanol consumption. Treatment with alprazolam (1 mg/Kg) partially reversed this adverse effect of stress.  相似文献
8.
An increasing percentage of the European population suffers from allergies to pollen. The study of the evolution of air pollen concentration supplies prior knowledge of the levels of pollen in the air, which can be useful for the prevention and treatment of allergic symptoms, and the management of medical resources. The symptoms of Betula pollinosis can be associated with certain levels of pollen in the air. The aim of this study was to predict the risk of the concentration of pollen exceeding a given level, using previous pollen and meteorological information, by applying neural network techniques. Neural networks are a widespread statistical tool useful for the study of problems associated with complex or poorly understood phenomena. The binary response variable associated with each level requires a careful selection of the neural network and the error function associated with the learning algorithm used during the training phase. The performance of the neural network with the validation set showed that the risk of the pollen level exceeding a certain threshold can be successfully forecasted using artificial neural networks. This prediction tool may be implemented to create an automatic system that forecasts the risk of suffering allergic symptoms.  相似文献
9.
Autosomal recessive Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) represents a heterogeneous group of disorders affecting the peripheral nervous system. The axonal form of the disease is designated as "CMT type 2" (CMT2), and one locus (1q21.2-q21.3) has been reported for the autosomal recessive form. Here we report the results of a genomewide search in an inbred Costa Rican family (CR-1) affected with autosomal recessive CMT2. By analyzing three branches of the family we detected linkage to the 19q13.3 region, and subsequent homozygosity mapping defined shared haplotypes between markers D19S902 and D19S907 in a 5.5-cM range. A maximum two-point LOD score of 9.08 was obtained for marker D19S867, at a recombination fraction of.00, which strongly supports linkage to this locus. The epithelial membrane protein 3 gene, encoding a PMP22 homologous protein and located on 19q13.3, was ruled out as being responsible for this form of CMT. The age at onset of chronic symmetric sensory-motor polyneuropathy was 28-42 years (mean 33.8 years); the electrophysiological data clearly reflect an axonal degenerative process. The phenotype and locus are different from those of demyelinating CMT4F, recently mapped to 19q13.1-13.3; hence, the disease affecting the Costa Rican family constitutes an axonal, autosomal recessive CMT subtype (ARCMT2B).  相似文献
10.
There is scarce information on the possible effects of chronic exposure to mercury on skeletal muscle. Dental personnel are frequently exposed to inhalation of metallic mercury vapours. The skeletal muscle of five technicians and one dentist (females, age 36-55) was studied. All of them presented symptoms of chronic mercury poisoning. Needle biopsy was taken from the quadriceps femoris muscle and samples were prepared for light microscope histochemistry and for transmission electron microscopy. Selective atrophy of type IIB muscle fibres was found in patients, and in one of them there was fibre grouping. Most of the muscles showed increased fibre area per capillary. Atrophy was confirmed by the ultrastructural study, demonstrating increase of intermyofibrillar spaces, loss of myofibrils or complete disappearance in some fibres, and sarcolemmal foldings. Splitting of the fibres was also found. Some capillaries were altered, showing endothelial infoldings into the lumen, thickened basement membrane and partial or total occlusion. The alterations found in muscle may be secondary to nerve damage, to ischemia caused by capillary lesion and/or to a direct effect of mercury on muscle fibre proteins.  相似文献
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