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Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR/NIH strain) harbor a deletion variant in the Cd36 fatty acid transporter and display defective fatty acid metabolism, insulin resistance and hypertension. Transgenic rescue of Cd36 in SHR ameliorates insulin resistance and improves dyslipidemia. However, the role of Cd36 in blood pressure regulation remains controversial due to inconsistent blood pressure effects that were observed with transgenic expression of Cd36 on the SHR background. In the current studies, we developed two new SHR transgenic lines, which express wild type Cd36 under the control of the universal Ef-1 alpha promoter, and examined the effects of transgenic expression of wild type Cd36 on selected metabolic and cardiovascular phenotypes. Transgenic expression of Cd36 in the new lines was associated with significantly decreased serum fatty acids, amelioration of insulin resistance and glucose intolerance but failed to induce any consistent changes in blood pressure as measured by radiotelemetry. The current findings confirm the genetic association of defective Cd36 with disordered insulin action and fatty acid metabolism in the SHR/NIH strain and suggest that Cd36 is linked to other gene(s) on rat chromosome 4 that regulate blood pressure.  相似文献
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Early bovine precompacted embryos (at 1- to 8-blastomere stage) were analyzed by electron microscopy. The volume density of cellular components was determined by morphometric analysis to quantify the ultrastructure of early bovine embryos produced either in vivo or parthenogenetically after stimulation of oocytes by electric pulse AC/DC. In embryos obtained in vivo, most of cellular volume was occupied by cytoplasm (82.93%). The relative volume of lipids, vacuoles, mitochondria was relatively low (5.46; 5.07; 3.78%, respectively), and the relative volume of Golgi apparatus and cell inclusions was the lowest (1.51%). AC/DC-derived parthenogenotes had a relative high area occupied by vacuoles and lipids (18.68 vs. 14.33%) and a significantly lower relative volume was occupied by cytoplasm (60.63%) when compared with the control in vivo embryos. These observations demonstrated that parthenogenetic embryos had significantly altered ultrastructure, indicating extensive subcellular damages. These findings are discussed from the physiological and functional point of view.  相似文献
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Early bovine precompacted embryos (1 to 8 blastomeres) were analysed by electron microscopy. The volume density of cellular components was determined by morphometric analysis to quantify the ultrastructure of early bovine embryos produced either in vivo or in vitro both after fertilisation by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) or from electrically stimulated oocytes (AC/DC). In normal embryos obtained in vivo (control), most of the cellular volume was occupied by cytoplasm (82.93%). The relative volume of lipids, vacuoles, mitochondria, Golgi apparatus and inclusion bodies was minimal. In the group of embryos after parthenogenetic activation (AC/DC) a relatively high proportion of the volume was occupied by vacuoles and lipids (18.68% vs 14.33%). Early ICSI-derived embryos contained the lowest relative volume of cytoplasm (58.33%) compared with the control embryos (in vivo) and parthenogenetically AC/DC-activated embryos and a higher volume was occupied by lipids (13.25%) and vacuoles (12.92%). It is concluded that in vitro produced embryos have a significantly altered ultrastructure, indicating extensive cellular damage.  相似文献
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Landa V  Kopecný V 《Theriogenology》1995,43(5):871-881
Parthenogenetically activated, in vitro-matured bovine oocytes and parthenogenotes obtained at 2 to 4 days post activation were analyzed by 3H-thymidine autoradiography for the timing of the S-phase and for distribution of newly replicated DNA, respectively. Spread pronuclear parthenogenotes revealed that the DNA synthesis in electrically stimulated oocytes commenced at 14 h post activation. At 20 to 24 h, a maximum number of labeled pronuclei was reached (25 to 38%), and DNA synthesis persisted in some parthenogenotes up to 30 h post activation. The DNA labeling detected on semi-thin sections showed that the distribution of newly synthesized DNA in the nuclei of 3- to 16-cell parthenogenotes was mostly irregular or abnormal, documenting that the apparent morphological normalcy of parthenogenotes was in contrast to the data concerning the DNA synthesis and distribution.  相似文献
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Exosomes are natural nanoparticles secreted by different cells and capable of carrying protein markers and genetic information, thus participating in cellular communication. There is good reason to think that quantitative and qualitative characterization of these microparticles produced by different tissues in normal and pathological states can give valuable diagnostic and prognostic information and be a biomarker of different diseases, including oncological ones. Elaboration of the purification of exosomes and their proteome analysis was the aim of the present work. An original approach to enhancing exosome production in cultured transformed human cells was developed. The data obtained allowed us to detect exosomes in cultural conditioned samples and control the quality of produced exosomes at all stages of their purification. Electrophoretic analysis of proteins obtained from exosomes of different origins shows differences in protein profiles. Proteins from exosomes of glioblastoma cell lines were separated by two-dimensional electrophoresis. Protein profiles were further analyzed by densitometry and mass spectrometry, which allowed more than 30 proteins, including specific tumor markers, to be identified.  相似文献
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