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Betaine-aldehyde dehydrogenase was purified from spinach leaves and characterized. The molecular weight of the enzyme was estimated to be 120 kDa by a gel filtration chromatography. The enzyme was judged to consist of two identical pieces of the monomeric subunit with molecular weight of 60 kDa. A specific polyclonal antibody was raised against the enzyme subunit.  相似文献
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We conducted a survey of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) among 16805 Escherichia coli and 9794 Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolates recovered from 196 separate medical institutions during the period January 1997 to January 1998. Using the criteria for minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of oxyimino-cephalosporins of >/=8 microg ml(-1) and confirmation by double-disk test, we detected 15 E. coli and 34 K. pneumoniae isolates producing ESBLs. Genotypes of ESBLs determined by PCR with type-specific primers included one TEM-derived and 24 SHV-derived ESBLs, in addition to 24 Toho-1-type ESBLs, one of the major types of ESBLs reported in Japan. Nucleotide sequence analysis of SHV-specific PCR products revealed that SHV-12 was the dominant type of SHV-derived ESBL. In addition, we also identified TEM-26 and SHV-2. This is the first report characterizing TEM- and SHV-derived ESBLs in Japan.  相似文献
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Confirmation of direct angiotensin formation by kallikrein.   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3       下载免费PDF全文
This study was undertaken to confirm our previous preliminary observation that hog pancreas kallikrein (EC 3.4.21.35) directly liberated an angiotensin-like substance from human plasma protein Cohn fraction IV-4 at an acidic pH of 4.0-5.0. First, the possibility of proangiotensin or des-Asp1-angiotensin being the pressor substance was ruled out by t.l.c. Secondly, the pressor substance was purified by Sephadex G-25 and Bio-Gel P-2 gel filtration, and finally by high-performance liquid chromatography. The amino acid composition of the isolated pressor substance (residues/mol) was: Asp, 1.03; Val, 1.03; Ile, 1.00; Tyr, 0.69; Phe, 1.04; His, 0.91; Arg, 0.86; Pro, 0.86. This composition was identical with that of angiotensin. Since the reaction mixture was not contaminated with common proteolytic enzymes, such as trypsin, chymotrypsin, renin, cathepsin D and proangiotensin-converting enzyme, and other enzymes activated by kallikrein, it is clear that hog kallikrein directly produces angiotensin in vitro.  相似文献
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Chemical identity of tryptensin with angiotensin.   总被引:3,自引:1,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
K Arakawa  M Yuki    M Ikeda 《The Biochemical journal》1980,187(3):647-653
Tryptensin, a vasopressor substance generated from human plasma protein fraction IV-4 by trypsin, has been isolated and the amino acid composition analysed. The procedures used for the isolation were: (a) adsorption of the formed tryptensin on Dowex 50W (X2; NH4+ form); (b) gel filtration through Sephadex G-25; (c) cation-exchange chromatography on CM-cellulose; (d) anion-exchange chromatography on DEAE-cellulose; (e) re-chromatography on CM-cellulose; (f) gel filtration on Bio-Gel P-2; (g) partition chromatography on high-pressure liquid chromatography. The homogeneity of the isolated tryptensin was confirmed by thin-layer chromatography and thin-layer electrophoresis. The amino acid analysis of the hydrolysate suggested the following proportional composition: Asp, 1; Val, 1; Ile, 1; Tyr, 1; Phe, 1; His, 1; Arg, 1; Pro, 1. This composition is identical with that of human angiotensin.  相似文献
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A new genetic variant apolipoprotein (apo), A-I Yame, was discovered during screening for apoA-I genetic variants with isoelectric focusing gel electrophoresis. To investigate the structural abnormality of apoA-I Yame, we amplified the apoA-I gene isolated from the proband's peripheral blood leukocytes with the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method and directly sequenced these PCR fragments. ApoA-I Yame was found to have aspartic acid (GAC) substituted by tyrosine (TAC) at residue 13. We also identified this substitution by an automated DNA sequencer. This substitution was confirmed with amino acid sequencing of the isolated apoA-I Yame by Immobiline gel electrophoresis. This combined method, direct PCR from genomic DNA-derived individual peripheral blood leukocytes and subsequent direct sequencing, can be used to identify the entire sequence of apoA-I in a short period of time. Furthermore, with this method, it is possible to identify both alleles in heterozygous individuals.  相似文献
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Vacuolar H+-ATPase (V-ATPase) consists of a catalytic head, a stalk part and a membrane domain. We indirectly investigated the interaction between the A subunit (catalytic head) and the E subunit (stalk part) using an ATP analogue, adenosine 5'-[beta,gamma-imino]triphosphate (AMP-PNP), which holds the enzyme in the substrate-binding state. AMP-PNP treatment caused a mobility shift of the E subunit with a faster migration in SDS/polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis without a reductant, while ATP treatment did not. A mobility shift of the E subunit has been detected in several plants. As polypeptides with intramolecular disulfide bonds migrate faster than those without disulfide bonds, the mobility shift may be due to the formation of an intramolecular disulfide bond by two cysteine residues conserved among several plant species. The mobility shift may be involved in the binding of AMP-PNP to the ATP-binding site, which exists in the A and B subunits, as it was inhibited by the addition of ATP. Pretreatment with 2'-3'-O-(4-benzoylbenzoyl)-ATP (Bz-ATP), which modifies the ATP-binding site of the B subunit under UV illumination, did not inhibit the mobility shift of the E subunit caused by AMP-PNP treatment. The response of V-ATPase following the AMP-PNP binding may cause a conformational change in the E subunit into a form that is susceptible to oxidation of cysteine residues. This is the first demonstration of interaction between the A and E subunits in the substrate-binding state of a plant V-ATPase.  相似文献
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