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Lactobacillus plantarum BF001 produced plantaricin F in MRS broth but it was detected only after ca a 50-fold concentration. Growth on MRS broth and appearance of plantaricin F were similar under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. No growth occurred at pH 3 or at 4°C. Plantaricin F appeared first at early stationary growth phase (24 h) and was stable thereafter (pH 2). Amounts found in liquid cultures were ca 2–3 times higher than those from solidified MRS medium, and specific activities were ca 6 times higher in liquid culture (48 h). Maximal amounts of plantaricin F were found (48 h) when medium had an initial pH of 4 and growth was at 30°C. Under these conditions, cell growth and fermentation were partially uncoupled. Plantaricin F was not produced endogenously, organic nutrients were necessary. A molecular weight range of 500–3500 Da was indicated. Plantaricin F appears to be a secondary metabolite.  相似文献
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A novel ketoreductase isolated from Zygosaccharomyces rouxii catalyzes the asymmetric reduction of selected ketone substrates of commercial importance. The 37.8-kDa ketoreductase was purified more than 300-fold to > 95% homogeneity from whole cells with a 30% activity yield. The ketoreductase functions as a monomer with an apparent Km for 3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl acetone of 2.9 mM and a Km for NADPH of 23.5 microM. The enzyme is able to effectively reduce alpha-ketolactones, alpha-ketolactams, and diketones. Inhibition is observed in the presence of diethyl pyrocarbonate, suggesting that a histidine is crucial for catalysis. The 1.0-kb ketoreductase gene was cloned and sequenced from a Z. rouxii cDNA library using a degenerate primer to the N-terminal sequence of the purified protein. Furthermore, it was expressed in both Escherichia coli and Pichia pastoris and shown to be active. Substrate specificity, lack of a catalytic metal, and extent of protein sequence identity to known reductases suggests that the enzyme falls into the carbonyl reductase enzyme class.  相似文献
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