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A high-performance liquid chromatographic method was developed for the determination of a new proton pump inhibitor, YH1885 (I), in human plasma and urine, and rat blood and tissue homogenate using fenticonazole as an internal standard. The sample preparation was simple: a 2.5 volume of acetonitrile was added to the biological sample to deproteinize it. A 50-μl aliquot of the supernatant was injected onto a C8 reversed-phase column. The mobile phase employed was methanol-0.005 M tetrabutylammonium dihydrogenphosphate (77:23, v/v), and it was run at a flow-rate of 1.0 ml/min. The column effluent was monitored using an ultraviolet detector at 270 nm. The retention times for I and the internal standard were 9.0 and 10.3 min, respectively. The detection limits for I in human plasma and urine, and in rat tissue homogenate (including blood) were 50, 100 and 100 ng/ml, respectively. The coefficients of variation of the assay (within-day and between-day) were generally low (below 8.84%) for human plasma and urine, and for rat tissue homogenate. No interferences from endogenous substances were found.  相似文献
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Numerous studies on Oenothera species have been investigated for the physiological and ecological characteristics. However, no such an information based on molecular cytogenetic has yet been introduced, in turn, is very essential for identifying sequence polymorphisms of rRNA genes with their loci on mitotic phases for further biological researches. In this study, sequence variations of rRNA genes in Oenothera odorata and O. laciniata were examined to identify informative factors as unique or repeat sequences in intra- and inter-specific variations. Intra-specific variation revealed that the sequences of the rRNA genes including the spacer regions were highly conserved revealing only a few variations. From the inter-specific variation, spacer regions of species were completely different as (1) non-homologous sequences in NTS and (2) different type repeat sequences in ITS 1, 2 and 5.8S rRNA, whereas the remaining coding regions were highly conserved. FISH was carried out on mitotic phases using the 5S rDNA of the analyzed sequences. From the interphase and metaphase chromosomes of the examined species, two loci of 5S rDNA in O. odorata and four loci in O. laciniata were confirmed on the telomeric region of the short arm. Due to the small size and unclear centromere of the chromosomes, karyotype could not be completed. However, we confirmed that the chromosomes are organized by meta- and acrocentric chromosomes and the chromosomes with identified loci were assumed to be paired by the location of loci at the telomeric region on the short arm with relative lengths.  相似文献
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There is a growing need for the large-scale identification of the ubiquitinated proteins and ubiquitin attachment sites. As part of this effort, we generated a transgenic mouse expressing a tagged ubiquitin in the heart. We found that the majority of ubiquitinated proteins in mouse heart are insoluble in detergent-free buffer and were chemically cleaved after methionine with CNBr. CNBr cleaved the proteins into smaller polypeptides while preserving the ubiquitin chains. Ubiquitin-conjugated polypeptides were then purified under denaturing conditions, digested with Lys-C and trypsin, and analyzed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. We identified 121 proteins that were ubiquitinated in mouse heart, and we detected 33 ubiquitination sites in 21 of the proteins. Components of cardiac muscle and many mitochondrial proteins were identified as substrates for ubiquitination, strongly suggesting that proteins related to major heart functions such as contraction and energy production are under continuous quality control by the ubiquitin system.  相似文献
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The genus Balcha Walker (Eupelmidae) is recorded for the first time in South Korea, with one newly described species and one newly recorded species. Both sexes of Balcha opaca Fusu sp. n. are described, and the presumed male of B. dictyota Gibson is described for the first time. The newly described species is peculiar in having a comparatively darker and less shiny mesoscutum. In other species of the genus the mesoscutum has brilliant metallic colours that contrast with dorsal dark bands along areas of much finer sculpture.  相似文献
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South Korean species of the genus Eusterinx Förster are reviewed here. Nine species of the genus Eusterinx are found to occur in South Korea, and five species, Eusterinx (E.) elongata sp. nov. , E. (Holomeristus) hirtis sp. nov. , E. (Ischyracis) fulvipes sp. nov. , E. (I.) petiolata sp. nov. and E. (I.) rufithorax sp. nov. , are described. Four more species of Eusterinx from subgenera Divinatrix, Eusterinx and Holomeristus are recorded from South Korea for the first time. Hitherto, unknown male of the Eastern Palaearctic species E. (Divinatrix) kurilensis Humala is described. A key to all known species of the genus Eusterinx occurring in South Korea is provided.  相似文献
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The South Korean species of the genus Apethymus Benson are studied. Here we report two species, A. kunugi Togashi, 2005, and A. sidorenkoi Sundukov, 2010, new to South Korea. The male of A. kolthoffi (Forsius, 1927) is described in detail. A key to the South Korean species, diagnoses with brief variations, photographs of the diagnostic characters, distributions and recorded hosts for each species are provided.  相似文献
8.
Recent studies found that peroxiredoxin-I (Prx-I) is secreted from A549 cells although it does not contain a signal peptide and is known to be a cytosolic protein. Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) treatment dramatically enhanced Prx-I secretion from A549 cells, and this effect was not inhibited by brefeldin A. Further investigation revealed that A549 cells constitutively secrete TGF-beta1. Furin, a TGF-beta1-converting enzyme, was also highly activated in A549 cells. Ectopic expression of alpha(1)-antitrypsin Portland (alpha(1)-PDX), a potent furin inhibitor, blocked both TGF-beta1 activation and Prx-I secretion. Our findings collectively suggest that non-classical secretion of Prx-I is induced by TGF-beta1, which is constitutively activated by furin in A549 cells.  相似文献
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