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1.
Lee SJ  Lee JH  Jin HJ  Lee JH  Ryu HY  Kim Y  Kong IS  Kim KW 《Molecules and cells》2000,10(2):236-240
We designed a basic unit of the modified chicken gonadotropin releasing hormone II (cGnRH-II) peptide containing a trypsin cleavable linker peptide at both ends of the original peptide. We made a synthetic DNA coding for the modified cGnRH-II peptide with asymmetric and complementary cohesive ends of linker nucleotides. A tandemly repeated DNA cassette for the expression of concatameric short peptide multimers was constructed by ligating the basic units. The expressed peptide multimers were purified and subject to amino-terminal sequence analysis, which displayed the amino acid sequences expected from the designed nucleotides of the expression cassette. The monomeric cGnRH-II peptide analogs were generated after trypsin digestion. The present results showed that the technique developed for the production of the concatameric peptide multimers with cleavable linker peptides can be generally applicable to the production of short peptide analogs.  相似文献
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The pmm gene from Vibrio furnissii, which encodes phosphomannomutase (PMM), was cloned and sequenced. The open reading frame consisted of 1,434 bp, encoding a polypeptide of 477 amino acids with a molecular mass of 53,325 Da. The predicted amino acid sequence of V. furnissii PMM showed high similarity with PMMs from other enteric bacteria, such as V. cholerae, Salmonella sp. and Escherichia coli. The PMM protein was overexpressed in E. coli as a His6-tagged recombinant protein. The estimated apparent Km and kcat values of the purified recombinant protein for mannose 1-phosphate were about 60 M and 800 min–1, respectively. To investigate the biochemical functions and the role of pmm in the virulence of V. furnissii, a pmm knock-out mutant was constructed by homologous recombination mutation. Under the various physical conditions, cell numbers of the wild-type and the mutant did not differ. Oral introduction of bacterial suspensions to a mouse model showed that the pmm-deficient mutant decreased in viability at the intestine. Microscopy of the isolated intestines from mice revealed significant damage after 3 days in intestinal mucosa infected with the wild-type as compared with the mutant. The pmm-deficient mutant caused a reduction of virulence in mice and the loss of O-antigen polysaccharide, and showed low resistance relative to the wild-type when incubated with normal human serum.  相似文献
3.
Norepinephrine (NE) is one of the major neurotransmitters that determine melatonin production in the pineal gland. Although a substantial amount of Ca2+ influx is triggered by NE, the Ca2+ entry pathway and its physiological relevance have not been elucidated adequately. Herein we report that the Ca2+ influx triggered by NE significantly regulates the protein level of serotonin N-acetyltransferase, or arylalkylamine N-acetyltransferase (AANAT), a critical enzyme in melatonin production, and is responsible for maintaining the Ca2+ response after repetitive stimulation. Ca2+ entry evoked by NE was dependent on PLC activation. NE evoked a substantial amount of Ca2+ entry even after cells were treated with 1-oleoyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol (OAG), an analog of diacylglycerol. To the contrary, further OAG treatment after cells had been exposed to OAG did not evoke additional Ca2+ entry. Moreover, NE failed to induce further Ca2+ entry after the development of Ca2+ entry induced by thapsigargin (Tg), suggesting that the pathway of Ca2+ entry induced by NE might be identical to that of Tg. Interestingly, Ca2+ entry evoked by NE or Tg induced membrane hyperpolarization that was reversed by iberiotoxin (IBTX), a specific inhibitor of large-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (BK) channels. Moreover, IBTX-sensitive BK current was observed during application of NE, suggesting that activation of the BK channels was responsible for the hyperpolarization. Furthermore, the activation of BK channels triggered by NE contributed to regulation of the protein level of AANAT. Collectively, these results suggest that NE triggers Ca2+ entry coupled to BK channels and that NE-induced Ca2+ entry is important in the regulation of AANAT. serotonin N-acetyltransferase; pineal gland  相似文献
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Key message

We obtained interesting results for genetic analysis and molecular mapping of the du12(t) gene.

Abstract

Control of the amylose content in rice is the major strategy for breeding rice with improved quality. In this study, we conducted genetic analysis and molecular mapping to identify the dull gene in the dull rice, Milyang262. A single recessive gene, tentatively designated as du12(t), was identified as the dull gene that leads to the low amylose character of Milyang262. To investigate the inheritance of du12(t), genetic analysis on an F2 population derived from a cross between the gene carrier, Milyang262, and a moderate amylose content variety, Junam, was conducted. A segregation ratio of 3:1 (χ 2 = 1.71, p = 0.19) was observed, suggesting that du12(t) is a single recessive factor that controls the dull character in Milyang262. Allelism tests confirmed that du12(t) is not allelic to other low amylose controlling genes, wx or du1. Recessive class analysis was performed to localize the du12(t) locus. Mapping of du12(t) was conducted on F2 and F3 populations of Baegokchal/Milyang262 cross. Linkage analysis of 120 F2 plants revealed that RM6926 and RM3509 flank du12(t) at a 2.38-Mb region. To refine the du12(t) locus position, 986 F2 and 289 F3 additional normal plants were screened by the flanking markers. Twenty-six recombinant plants were identified and later genotyped with four additional adjacent markers located between RM6926 and RM3509. Finally, du12(t) was mapped to an 840-kb region on the distal region of the long arm of chromosome 6, delimited by SSR markers RM20662 and RM412, and co-segregated by RM3765 and RM176.  相似文献
5.
Green rice leafhopper (GRH, Nephotettix cincticeps Uhler) is one of the insect pests that damage cultivated rice in East Asia. GRH also transmits viruses such as rice dwarf virus. The mortality of GRH nymphs is high in rice cultivar Shingwang, indicating that Shingwang is resistant to GRH. Genetic analyses were performed to map GRH resistance in Shingwang using F2 and F3 populations derived from a cross between a GRH-resistant near-isogenic line (NIL-IS60) from Shingwang and recurrent parent Ilpum. Resistance to GRH in Shingwang was found to be controlled by a single dominant gene (Grh1) mapped within an approximately 670-kb region between 8.10 and 8.77 Mb on the short arm of chromosome 5. Genotypes with three simple sequence repeat markers (RM18166, RM516, and RM18171) and one indel marker (Indel 15040) co-segregated with GRH resistance controlled by the Grh1 locus. A detailed map of the Grh1 locus will facilitate marker-assisted selection of resistance to GRH in rice breeding.  相似文献
6.
Rice stripe disease, caused by rice stripe virus (RSV) is a serious constraint to rice production in subtropical regions of East Asia. We performed fine mapping of a RSV resistance QTL on chromosome 11, qSTV11 ( SG ), using near-isogenic lines (NILs, BC(6)F(4)) derived from a cross between the highly resistant variety, Shingwang, and the highly susceptible variety, Ilpum, using 11 insertion and deletion (InDel) markers. qSTV11 ( SG ) was localized to a 150-kb region between InDel 11 (17.86 Mbp) and InDel 5 (18.01?Mbp). Among the two markers in this region, InDel 7 is diagnostic of RSV resistance in 55 Korean japonica and indica rice varieties. InDel 7 could also distinguish the allele type of Nagdong, Shingwang, Mudgo, and Pe-bi-hun from Zenith harboring the Stv-b ( i ) allele. As a result, qSTV11 ( SG ) is likely to be the Stv-b ( i ) allele. There were 21 genes in the 150-kb region harboring the qSTV11 ( SG ) locus. Three of these genes, LOC_Os11g31430, LOC_Os11g31450, and LOC_Os11g31470, were exclusively expressed in the susceptible variety. These expression profiles were consistent with the quantitative nature along with incomplete dominance of RSV resistance. Sequencing of these genes showed that there were several amino acid substitutions between susceptible and resistant varieties. Putative functions of these candidate genes for qSTV11 ( SG ) are discussed.  相似文献
7.
Transposon tagging and insertional mutagenesis provide one of the most powerful tools in gene function studies. Here, we report a comparison between two novel drooping leaf (DL) mutants from transposon and T-DNA insertion lines of rice. DL is distinct from well-known ABC genes and a member of the YABBY gene family, and it is closely related to the CRABS CLAW (CRC) gene of Arabidopsis thaliana. Based on phenotypic analysis, DL regulated midrib formation by promoting cell proliferation in the central region of rice leaf and was necessary for the specification of carpel identity. We identified two DL mutants by screening the Ac/Ds and T-DNA insertional mutant pool of rice. Flanking sequence tag analysis indicated that both Ds and T-DNA segments were inserted in the promoter region at 3.4 kbs and 5.4 kb upstream, respectively, of the previously known OsYABBY domain. Interestingly, the progenies of DL lines of two different pools showed various degrees of leaf drooping and abnormal carpel formation. Flower structures revealed that there were more than two stigmas with normal stamens and pistils per panicle in the Ds-induced mutants. However, T-DNA induced mutant had extra stamens with staminoid carpels. These results indicate that the promoter region of DL plays an important function in regulating anther and carpel formation.  相似文献
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