首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   18篇
  完全免费   4篇
  2014年   3篇
  2013年   1篇
  2003年   2篇
  2000年   5篇
  1999年   5篇
  1998年   2篇
  1992年   1篇
  1989年   1篇
  1987年   1篇
  1986年   1篇
排序方式: 共有22条查询结果,搜索用时 31 毫秒
1.
Most transformed cells have lost anchorage and serum dependence for growth and survival. Previously, we established that when serum is absent, fibronectin survival signals transduced by focal adhesion kinase (FAK), suppress p53-regulated apoptosis in primary fibroblasts and endothelial cells (Ilić et al. 1998. J. Cell Biol. 143:547-560). The present goals are to identify survival sequences in FAK and signaling molecules downstream of FAK required for anchorage-dependent survival of primary fibroblasts. We report that binding of the SH3 domain of p130Cas to proline-rich region 1 of FAK is required to support survival of fibroblasts on fibronectin when serum is withdrawn. The FAK-p130Cas complex activates c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) via a Ras/Rac1/Pak1/MAPK kinase 4 (MKK4) pathway. Activated (phospho-) JNK colocalizes with FAK in focal adhesions of fibroblasts cultured on fibronectin, which supports their survival, but not in fibroblasts cultured on collagen, which does not. Cells often survive in the absence of extracellular matrix if serum factors are provided. In that case, we confirm work of others that survival signals are transduced by FAK, phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase (PI3-kinase), and Akt/protein kinase B (PKB). However, when serum is absent, PI3-kinase and Akt/PKB are not involved in the fibronectin-FAK-JNK survival pathway documented herein. Thus, survival signals from extracellular matrix and serum are transduced by FAK via two distinct pathways.  相似文献
2.
Migration of cardiac neural crest cells in Splotch embryos   总被引:13,自引:0,他引:13  
3.
Pax3 functions in cell survival and in pax7 regulation   总被引:11,自引:0,他引:11  
In developing vertebrate embryos, Pax3 is expressed in the neural tube and in the paraxial mesoderm that gives rise to skeletal muscles. Pax3 mutants develop muscular and neural tube defects; furthermore, Pax3 is essential for the proper activation of the myogenic determination factor gene, MyoD, during early muscle development and PAX3 chromosomal translocations result in muscle tumors, providing evidence that Pax3 has diverse functions in myogenesis. To investigate the specific functions of Pax3 in development, we have examined cell survival and gene expression in presomitic mesoderm, somites and neural tube of developing wild-type and Pax3 mutant (Splotch) mouse embryos. Disruption of Pax3 expression by antisense oligonucleotides significantly impairs MyoD activation by signals from neural tube/notochord and surface ectoderm in cultured presomitic mesoderm (PSM), and is accompanied by a marked increase in programmed cell death. In Pax3 mutant (Splotch) embryos, MyoD is activated normally in the hypaxial somite, but MyoD-expressing cells are disorganized and apoptosis is prevalent in newly formed somites, but not in the neural tube or mature somites. In neural tube and somite regions where cell survival is maintained, the closely related Pax7 gene is upregulated, and its expression becomes expanded into the dorsal neural tube and somites, where Pax3 would normally be expressed. These results establish that Pax3 has complementary functions in MyoD activation and inhibition of apoptosis in the somitic mesoderm and in repression of Pax7 during neural tube and somite development.  相似文献
4.
To examine temporal changes in population genetic structure, we compared the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequences of three populations that lived in the same location, Linzi, China, in different periods: 2,500 years ago (the Spring-Autumn era), 2,000 years ago (the Han era), and the present day. Two indices were used to compare the genetic differences: the frequency distributions of the radiating haplotype groups and the genetic distances among the populations. The results indicate that the genetic backgrounds of the three populations are distinct from each other. Inconsistent with the geographical distribution, the 2,500-year-old Linzi population showed greater genetic similarity to present-day European populations than to present-day east Asian populations. The 2, 000-year-old Linzi population had features that were intermediate between the present-day European/2,500-year-old Linzi populations and the present-day east Asian populations. These relationships suggest the occurrence of drastic spatiotemporal changes in the genetic structure of Chinese people during the past 2,500 years.  相似文献
5.
6.
Genome-wide expression profiling in Escherichia coli K-12.   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6       下载免费PDF全文
We have established high resolution methods for global monitoring of gene expression in Escherichia coli. Hybridization of radiolabeled cDNA to spot blots on nylon membranes was compared to hybridization of fluorescently-labeled cDNA to glass microarrays for efficiency and reproducibility. A complete set of PCR primers was created for all 4290 annotated open reading frames (ORFs) from the complete genome sequence of E.coli K-12 (MG1655). Glass- and nylon-based arrays of PCR products were prepared and used to assess global changes in gene expression. Full-length coding sequences for array printing were generated by two-step PCR amplification. In this study we measured changes in RNA levels after exposure to heat shock and following treatment with isopropyl-beta-D-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG). Both radioactive and fluorescence-based methods showed comparable results. Treatment with IPTG resulted in high level induction of the lacZYA and melAB operons. Following heat shock treatment 119 genes were shown to have significantly altered expression levels, including 35 previously uncharacterized ORFs and most genes of the heat shock stimulon. Analysis of spot intensities from hybridization to replicate arrays identified sets of genes with signals consistently above background suggesting that at least 25% of genes were expressed at detectable levels during growth in rich media.  相似文献
7.
大花飞燕草的组织培养及再生体系建立   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3       下载免费PDF全文
分别采用种子切段、无菌苗真叶作外植体首次成功建立了大花飞燕草的组织培养和再生体系。结果表明:大花飞燕草种子切段和无菌苗真叶大多数是通过愈伤组织途径再生,也有极少数不经过愈伤组织阶段而直接再生出小植株。在合适的培养基上,种子切段和叶片两种外植体离体培养均能高效再生,平均每个外植体能分化出10-20个不定芽。种子切段培养的最适通用培养基为改良MS附加ZT3mgL^-1和NAA 0.3mgL^-1,叶培  相似文献
8.
9.
10.
The enantiomeric separation of some racemic anti-histamines and anti-malarials, namely (±)-pheniramine, (±)-brompheniramine, (±)-chlorpheniramine, (±)-doxylamine, and (±)-chloroquine, was investigated by capillary zone electrophoresis. The enantiomeric separation of five compounds was obtained by addition of 7 mM (1%, w/v) sulfated-β-cyclodextrin into the buffer as a chiral selector. The effects of sulfated-β-cyclodextrin concentration and buffer pH on migration and resolution are discussed. Two other cyclodextrins, carboxyethylated-β-cyclodextrin and hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin were also investigated. Four of the racemic compounds were resolved using 14 mM (2%, w/v) carboxyethylated-β-cyclodextrin while 28 mM (4%, w/v) hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin resolved only two of them. It was found that the type of substituent and the degree of substitution on the rim of the CD structure played an important role in enhancing the chiral recognition. Cyclodextrins with negatively charged substituents and higher degree of substitution on the rim of the structure proved to give better resolution to the cationic racemic compounds compared with cyclodextrin with neutral substituents. This is due to the countercurrent mobility of the negatively charged cyclodextrin relative to the cationic analytes thus allowing for a smaller difference in interaction constants to achieve a successful resolution of enantiomers. Furthermore, lower concentrations of negatively charged cyclodextrins were necessary to achieve the equivalent resolutions as compared with the neutral ones.  相似文献
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号