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Muscle ubiquinone in healthy physically active males   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
Thirty-five (35) healthy physically active males had muscle biopsies taken from their vastus lateralis muscle to analyze for ubiquinone (vitamin Q, UQ), oxidative (muscle fiber types expressed as %ST and citrate synthase activity, CS) and fermentative (lactate dehydrogenase, LD) profiles. Graded cycle ergometer exercise to determine the intensities corresponding to onset of blood lactate accumulation set to 4.0 mmol × 1–1 (WOBLA) and symptom limited exercise (maximal, WSL) were also undertaken. Eleven (11) subjects had also recently participated in a marathon race. UQ was positively related to CS (r = 0.67, p < 0.001) and %ST (r = 0.60, p < 0.001) but not to LD. UQ was also positively related to exercise capacity and/or marathon performance (e.g. WOBLA × kg–1 BW, r = 0.70, p < 0.001). It was suggested that muscle UQ allocation in man was related to variables describing molecular oxygen availability, respiratory activity and oxidative energy releasing processes but not to fermentation activity. UQ allocation to ST fibers/CS activity was suggested to be due to the double role of UQ: 1) as a mitochondrial coenzyme (CoQ10) and 2) as a nonspecific antioxidant.  相似文献
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Jan Karlsson 《Oikos》2007,116(10):1691-1696
This study investigates the allocation of allochthonous organic carbon (AlloOC) to pelagic respiration and biomass production in unproductive lakes. Metabolic process rates and stable isotopic composition (δ13C) of crustacean zooplankton and respired CO2 were measured in the epilimnion of 13 forest lakes in northern Sweden. The δ13C of zooplankton was low (−31.2 to −38.0‰) compared to that of respired CO2 (−28.4 to −30.6‰), implying that the relative importance of AlloOC was lower for zooplankton (ca 40%) than for respiration (ca 80%). Combining δ13C and carbon flux data revealed that a large amount of metabolized AlloOC was lost in respiration, compared to the amount transferred to zooplankton (<3%). Thus, despite large respiratory losses, AlloOC was still important for zooplankton growth, implying a high supply of AlloOC in comparison to phytoplankton generated organic carbon in the lakes.  相似文献
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1. Both the pelagic and benthic net dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) productions were measured in situ on four occasions from June to September 2004, in the unproductive Lake Diktar-Erik in subarctic Sweden. The stable isotopic signal ( δ 13C) of respired organic material was estimated from hypolimnion water data and data from a laboratory incubation using epilimnion water.
2. Both pelagic and benthic habitats were net heterotrophic during the study period, with a total net DIC production of 416 mg C m−2 day−1, of which the pelagic habitat contributed approximately 85%. The net DIC production decreased with depth both in the pelagic water and in the sediments, and most of the net DIC production occurred in the upper water column.
3. Temporal variations in both pelagic and benthic DIC production were small, although we observed a significant decrease in pelagic net DIC production after the autumn turnover. Water temperature was the single most important factor explaining temporal and vertical variations in pelagic DIC production. No single factor explained more than 10% of the benthic net DIC production, which probably was regulated by several interacting factors.
4. Pelagic DIC production, and thus most of the whole-lake net production of DIC, was mainly due to the respiration of allochthonous organic carbon. Stable isotope data inferred that nearly 100% of accumulated DIC in the hypolimnion water had an allochthonous carbon source. Similarly, in the laboratory incubation using epilimnion water, c. 85% of accumulated DIC was indicated to have an allochthonous organic carbon source.  相似文献
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