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The E6 protein encoded by the oncogenic human papillomavirus types 16 and 18 is one of two viral products expressed in HPV-associated cancers. E6 is an oncoprotein which cooperates with E7 to immortalize primary human keratinocytes. Insight into the mechanism by which E6 functions in oncogenesis is provided by the observation that the E6 protein encoded by HPV-16 and HPV-18 can complex the wild-type p53 protein in vitro. Wild-type p53 gene has tumor suppressor properties, and is a target for several of the oncoproteins encoded by DNA tumor viruses. In this study we demonstrate that the E6 proteins of the oncogenic HPVs that bind p53 stimulate the degradation of p53. The E6-promoted degradation of p53 is ATP dependent and involves the ubiquitin-dependent protease system. Selective degradation of cellular proteins such as p53 with negative regulatory functions provides a novel mechanism of action for dominant-acting oncoproteins.  相似文献
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The E6 protein of human papillomavirus types 16 and 18 (HPV-16 and HPV-18) can stably associate with the p53 protein in vitro. In the presence of rabbit reticulocyte lysate, this association leads to the specific degradation of p53 through the ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis system. We have examined the E6-p53 complex in more detail and have found that association of E6 with p53 is mediated by an additional cellular factor. This factor is present in rabbit reticulocyte lysate, primary human keratinocytes and in each of five human cell lines examined. The factor is designated E6-AP, for E6-associated protein, based on the observation that the E6 proteins of HPV-16 and 18 can form a stable complex with the factor in the absence of p53, whereas p53 association with the factor can be detected only in the presence of E6. Gel filtration and coprecipitation experiments indicate that E6-AP is a monomeric protein of approximately 100 kDa.  相似文献
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E6-AP is a 100-kDa cellular protein that mediates the interaction of the human papillomavirus type 16 and 18 E6 proteins with p53. The association of p53 with E6 and E6-AP promotes the specific ubiquitination and subsequent proteolytic degradation of p53 in vitro. We recently isolated a cDNA encoding E6-AP and have now mapped functional domains of E6-AP involved in binding E6, association with p53, and ubiquitination of p53. The E6 binding domain consists of an 18-amino-acid region within the central portion of the molecule. Deletion of these 18 amino acids from E6-AP results in loss of both E6 and p53 binding activities. The region that directs p53 binding spans the E6 binding domain and consists of approximately 500 amino acids. E6-AP sequences in addition to those required for formation of a stable ternary complex with E6 and p53 are necessary to stimulate the ubiquitination of p53. These sequences lie within the C-terminal 84 amino acids of E6-AP. The entire region required for E6-dependent ubiquitination of p53 is also required for the ubiquitination of an artificial E6 fusion protein.  相似文献
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The E6 oncoproteins of the cancer-associated or high-risk human papillomaviruses (HPVs) target the cellular p53 protein. The association of E6 with p53 leads to the specific ubiquitination and degradation of p53 in vitro, suggesting a model by which E6 deregulates cell growth control by the elimination of the p53 tumor suppressor protein. Complex formation between E6 and p53 requires an additional cellular factor, designated E6-AP (E6-associated protein), which has a native and subunit molecular mass of approximately 100 kDa. Here we report the purification of E6-AP and the cloning of its corresponding cDNA, which contains a novel open reading frame encoding 865 amino acids. E6-AP, translated in vitro, has the following properties: (i) it associates with wild-type p53 in the presence of the HPV16 E6 protein and simultaneously stimulates the association of E6 with p53, (ii) it associates with the high-risk HPV16 and HPV18 E6 proteins in the absence of p53, and (iii) it induces the E6- and ubiquitin-dependent degradation of p53 in vitro.  相似文献
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Direct identification of small sequence changes in chromosomal DNA   总被引:12,自引:0,他引:12  
J M Huibregtse  D R Engelke 《Gene》1986,44(1):151-158
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The E6 and the E7 proteins of the oncogenic human papillomavirus types 16 and 18 can stably associate with p53 and the retinoblastoma protein, respectively. The E6-p53 interaction results in the accelerated degradation of p53 in vitro via the ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis system. In this study we demonstrate that a fusion protein consisting of the N-terminal half of the HPV-16 E7 protein and the full length HPV-16 E6 protein promotes the in vitro degradation of the retinoblastoma protein. This indicates that the property of the HPV-16 E6 protein to stimulate the degradation of p53 can be targeted to other proteins. Unlike the HPV-16 or HPV-18 E6 protein, the E6 proteins of HPV-6 and 11 do not bind to p53 and consequently do not target p53 for degradation. Analogous E7-E6 fusion proteins using the E6 proteins of HPV-6 and HPV-11, however, also have the ability to promote the degradation of the retinoblastoma protein, indicating that the property to target associated proteins for degradation is shared by the anogenital specific HPV E6 proteins.  相似文献
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The E6 oncoproteins encoded by the cancer-associated human papillomaviruses (HPVs) can associate with and promote the degradation of wild-type p53 in vitro. To gain further insight into this process, the ability of HPV-16 E6 to complex with and promote the degradation of mutant forms of p53 was studied. A correlation between binding and the targeted degradation of p53 was established. Mutant p53 proteins that bound HPV-16 E6 were targeted for degradation, whereas those that did not complex HPV-16 E6 were not degraded. Since the HPV-16 E6-promoted degradation involves the ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis pathway, specific mutations were made in the amino terminus of p53 to examine whether the E6 targeted degradation involved the N-end rule pathway. No requirement for destabilizing amino acids at the N terminus of p53 was found, nor was evidence found that HPV-16 E6 could provide this determinant in trans, indicating that the N-terminal rule pathway is not involved in the E6-promoted degradation of p53.  相似文献
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